Bruton Dovecote

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Bruton Dovecote
Bruton Somerset Dovecote.jpg
Location Bruton, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°06′29″N 2°27′11″W / 51.10806°N 2.45306°W / 51.10806; -2.45306Coordinates: 51°06′29″N 2°27′11″W / 51.10806°N 2.45306°W / 51.10806; -2.45306
Built 16th century
Owner National Trust
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official name: Dovecote about 370 metres South of Bruton Church (also known as Pigeon Tower)
Designated 24 March 1961[1]
Reference no. 1056424

The Bruton Dovecote was built in the 16th century in Bruton in the English county of Somerset. It was at one time used as a house, possibly as a watchtower and as a dovecote. It is a Grade II* listed building[1] and ancient monument.[2][3] It is managed by the National Trust.

History[edit]

The building was once within the deerpark of Bruton Abbey and was adapted by the monks from a gabled Tudor tower.[4] The conversion to be a dovecote took place around 1780.[5] It has over 200 pigeon holes.[6] Pigeons and doves were an important food source historically kept for their eggs, flesh, and dung.[7][8]

The square tower was built of local stone with Doulting stone dressings. Although it is now a roofless ruin and some of the windows have been blocked up, it previously had a chimney and the fireplace can still be seen.[1] The National Trust acquired the freehold from Sir Henry Hugh Arthur Hoare of the Hoare baronets, whose family seat was at Stourhead, in 1915.[9]

In the 1980s the dovecote was inspected as part of an investigation into an outbreak of psittacosis a zoonotic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Chlamydophila psittaci which is also known as parrot disease or parrot fever, at the adjoining King's School but no cause was found for the infection.[10]

In 2010 restoration work was undertaken including repairs to the tops of the walls which are exposed as the building no longer has a roof. Wall ties were used on the south west corner where the masonry was bulging.[11] In addition car parking and educational signage was provided. This was partially funded by South Somerset council, Bruton Town Council and the Heritage Lottery Fund to a total of £105,000.[12][13][14]

The dovecote is on the Leland Trail.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Dovecote about 370 metres South of Bruton Church". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Dovecote, about 370 metres South of Bruton Church (also known as Pigeon Tower), Park Wall (North side), Bruton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bruton Abbey". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Greeves, Lydia (2013). Houses of the National Trust. London: National Trust Books. p. 364. ISBN 9781907892486. 
  5. ^ "Tower, S of the church, Bruton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Bruton Dovecote". Somerset Routes. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Pigeoncote.com". Pigeoncote.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Wright, Geoffrey N. (2004). Abbeys and Priories. Shire Publications Ltd. p. 33. ISBN 978-0747805892. 
  9. ^ "Acquisitions Up to December 2011" (PDF). National Trust. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Pether, J.V.S.; Noaha, N. D.; Laua, Y. K.; Taylor, J. A.; Bowiea, J. C. (June 1984). "An outbreak of psittacosis in a boys' boarding school" (PDF). Journal of Hygiene 92 (3): 337–343. doi:10.1017/S002217240006455X. PMC 2129321. PMID 6736642. 
  11. ^ Rice, Rene. "Report on Conservation works undertaken on the Dovecote, Bruton.". Rene Rice Conservation. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Bruton Dovecote" (PDF). South Somerset Council. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Officer Report On Planning Application: 08/03334/FUL" (PDF). South Somerset council. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  14. ^ Allen, Mike. "Bruton Dovecote" (PDF). 2008/09 Capital Investment Appraisals. South Somerset council. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  15. ^ Ross, David. "Bruton Dovecote". Britain Express. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Bruton Dovecote at Wikimedia Commons