|Born||John Theobald Clarke
22 July 1926
Stratford, West Ham, Essex, England, UK
|Died||8 May 2013
Virginia Water, Surrey, England, UK
Constance Smith (m. 1951–55) (divorce)
Bryan Forbes, CBE (22 July 1926 – 8 May 2013) was an English film director, screenwriter, film producer, actor and novelist, described as a "Renaissance man" and "one of the most important figures in the British film industry". Best known as the director of the film The Stepford Wives (1975), he wrote and directed several other critically acclaimed films, including Whistle Down the Wind (1961), Séance on a Wet Afternoon (1964), and King Rat (1965). He also scripted several films directed by others The League of Gentlemen (1959), The Angry Silence (1960) and Only Two Can Play (1962).
Forbes was born John Theobald Clarke in Stratford, London, on 22 July 1926 in Queen Mary's Hospital, Stratford, West Ham, Essex. His father was a salesman and he grew up at 43 Cranmer Road, Forest Gate, West Ham, where he attended West Ham Secondary School and Horncastle Grammar School after he was evacuated during World War II to Lincolnshire. A schoolfriend at West Ham was artist Albert Herbert. Lionel Gamlin of the BBC took him on as the host of Junior Brains Trust, and invented Clarke's pseudonym of Bryan Forbes.
Actor and screenwriter
Forbes trained as an actor at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art from age 17, but completed only three terms. He did four years of military service in the Intelligence Corps and Combined Forces Entertainment Unit, during which time he started to write short stories. After completing his military service in 1948, following British Equity rules, he was obliged to change his name to avoid confusion with actor John Clark. Forbes began to act, appearing on stage and playing numerous supporting roles in British films, in particular An Inspector Calls (1954) and The Colditz Story (1955).
He published a short story collection in the early 1950s, which induced producer "Cubby" Broccoli to offer him screenwriting work on The Black Knight (1954). He received his first credit for Second World War film The Cockleshell Heroes (1955), while other early screenplays include I Was Monty's Double (1958), and The League of Gentlemen (1959), his breakthrough. Directed by Basil Dearden, Forbes also starred. The film recounted a bank heist carried out by ex-army officers, and gained critical success, including his first BAFTA nomination.
In 1959, he formed a production company, Beaver Films, with his frequent collaborator Richard Attenborough. Beaver Films made The Angry Silence (1960), a controversial screenplay by Forbes in which Attenborough took the lead role, and the two men shared production responsibilities.
Early work as a director and executive
Forbes's directorial debut came with Whistle Down the Wind (1961), again produced by Attenborough, a critically acclaimed film about three northern children who conceal a criminal in their barn, believing him to be a reincarnated Jesus Christ. It starred child actor Hayley Mills and Alan Bates, in one of his earliest film roles. The film was nominated for four BAFTA awards, including Best Film from any Source. It was the basis for a 1996 musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber. The L-Shaped Room (1962), his next film as director, with Leslie Caron in the female lead, led to her gaining a nomination for an Oscar, and winning the BAFTA (Best British Actress) and Golden Globe awards. Comments Phil Wickham: "It feels like half a new wave film – a mid-point between the innovation of the Woodfall Films and the mainstream of the British film industry."
Forbes wrote and directed Séance on a Wet Afternoon (1964), and the same year he wrote the third screen adaptation of the Somerset Maugham novel Of Human Bondage. In 1965, he went to Hollywood to make King Rat, a successful prisoner-of-war story. He followed this with The Wrong Box (1966) and The Whisperers (1967), the latter featuring Edith Evans. A caper film, Deadfall (1968), starred Michael Caine.
In 1969, Forbes was appointed chief of production and managing director of the film studio Associated British (soon to become EMI Films). Dennis Barker, in his obituary of Forbes for The Guardian, states that "This amounted virtually to an attempt to revive the ailing British film industry by instituting a traditional studio system with a whole slate of films in play." Under Forbes's leadership, the studio produced The Railway Children (1970), The Tales of Beatrix Potter (1971) and The Go-Between (1971), all successful films. His tenure though, was short-lived and marked by financial problems and failed projects. Forbes resigned in 1971.
From the early 1970s, Forbes divided his energies between cinema, television, theatre and writing. In 1972, Forbes started work on the documentary, Elton John and Bernie Taupin Say Goodbye Norma Jean and Other Things (1973), which chronicled the life of the young Elton John and Bernie Taupin. The project took Forbes a full year to complete, and provided a behind-the-scenes look at the writing and recording of "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road", including interviews with John, Taupin and band members, including Nigel Olsson and Dee Murray, as well as John's mother, Sheila, DJM label head Dick James and son Stephen, and footage of John's Hollywood Bowl concert in 1973. (Some of the footage was licensed for the Eagle Vision Classic Albums series Goodbye Yellow Brick Road documentary.) During the filming, Forbes formed a close friendship with John and Taupin, which led him to do other work with them, including photography on the Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player and Goodbye Yellow Brick Road album sleeves. ITV transmitted the documentary in the UK on 4 December 1973 (in the US, ABC screened it) shortly after completion, and was later briefly issued on VHS.
Forbes returned to Hollywood to direct The Stepford Wives (1975), based on Ira Levin's novel of the same name. The horror classic again featured Newman and was to become his best-known film. His subsequent films as a director were less successful: The Slipper and the Rose (1976), with David Frost as executive producer; International Velvet (1978), intended as a continuation of National Velvet (1944), with Newman in the same role as Elizabeth Taylor in the earlier film; Better Late than Never (1983); and The Naked Face (1984). His final film as a screenwriter was Chaplin (1992), which he co-scripted for Attenborough.
Awards and honours
Forbes's 1960 screenplay, The Angry Silence, won a BAFTA award, and was nominated for an Oscar. Only Two Can Play won Best British Comedy Screenplay of the Writers Guild of Great Britain in 1962. Séance on a Wet Afternoon won a 1965 Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Foreign Film and also the 1964 Best British Dramatic Screenplay of the Writers Guild of Great Britain. Hopscotch won the Best Comedy Adapted from Another Medium of the Writers Guild of America in 1980.
Forbes's directorial debut, Whistle Down the Wind, was nominated for several BAFTA awards, including Best Film from any Source and Best British Film in 1962. Four of his other films were also nominated for BAFTA awards, The League of Gentlemen (1959), Only Two Can Play (1962), Séance on a Wet Afternoon (1964) and King Rat (1965).
In 2004, Forbes was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his services to the arts. In 2006, he received the Dilys Powell Award for outstanding contribution to cinema of the London Film Critics' Circle Awards. In May 2007, he was the recipient of a BAFTA tribute, celebrating his "outstanding achievement in filmmaking."
In 1951 he married Irish actress Constance Smith, and the couple travelled to Hollywood in the early 1950s. Forbes soon returned to the UK; he and Smith divorced in 1955. Forbes went on to marry actress Nanette Newman the same year. It was popularly believed that Roger Moore was their best man, but Newman denied this on the Alan Titchmarsh Show in 2011. The couple had two daughters: journalist Sarah Standing, who is married to actor John Standing, and television presenter Emma Forbes.
Forbes was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1975, while working on The Slipper and the Rose; he remained in remission which he attributed to cutting out gluten and taking vitamins and oil of primrose, together with Newman's care. However, he revealed in a 2012 interview that it had been a misdiagnosis. He continued his acting, directing and screenwriting career into the early 1990s, and was still publishing novels in the 2010s.
Journalist and former Spectator editor, Matthew D'Ancona, a friend of the Forbes family, said: "Bryan Forbes was a titan of cinema, known and loved by people around the world in the film and theatre industries, and known in other fields, including politics. He is simply irreplaceable and it is wholly apt that he died surrounded by his family." Film critic Mark Kermode wrote: "Once had the fan-boyish pleasure of telling Bryan Forbes how much I loved [The] Stepford Wives. He was charming and self-effacing. A great loss."
- Whistle Down the Wind (1961)
- The L-Shaped Room (1962)
- Séance on a Wet Afternoon (1964)
- King Rat (1965)
- The Wrong Box (1966)
- The Whisperers (1967)
- Deadfall (1968)
- The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969)
- The Raging Moon (1971)
- The Stepford Wives (1975)
- The Slipper and the Rose (1976)
- International Velvet (1978)
- Better Late Than Never (1982)
- The Naked Face (1984)
As Head of EMI Films
- And Soon the Darkness (1970)
- Hoffman (1970)
- The Man Who Haunted Himself (1970)
- Spring and Port Wine (1970)
- The Railway Children (1970)
- A Fine and Private Place (1970) (abandoned)
- The Go-Between (1971)
- Mr. Forbush and the Penguins (1971)
- The Tales of Beatrix Potter (1971)
- The Raging Moon (1971)
- Dulcima (1971)
- Distant Laughter (1972)
- Slipper and the Rose (1976)
- International Velvet (1978)
- Familiar Strangers (1979)
- The Rewrite Man (1983)
- The Twisted Playground (1993)
- Partly Cloudy (1995)
- The Memory of All That (1999)
- The Choice (2007)
- The Soldier's Story (2012)
- Notes for a Life (1974)
- Ned's Girl: The Life of Edith Evans (1977)
- That Despicable Race: History of the British Acting Tradition (1980)
- A Divided Life (1992)
- Falk Q. Bryan Forbes: Renaissance man. BAFTA. 17 October 2007. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Batty D. Bryan Forbes, acclaimed film director, dies aged 86. The Guardian. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- "Director Bryan Forbes made CBE". BBC. 12 June 2004. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- Fox M. Bryan Forbes, 'Stepford Wives' Director, is dead at 86. The New York Times. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Bryan Forbes. The Telegraph. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Macdonald R. Albert Herbert: A visionary artist, he found a path from abstraction to religious imagery via etching. The Guardian. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- British Film Institute: Profile at screenline.org. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- British Academy of Film and Television Arts: A tribute to Bryan Forbes CBE: 25 May 2007. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Barker, D. Bryan Forbes: film director, actor and writer. The Guardian. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- "Stepford Wives film director Bryan Forbes dies aged 86". BBC. 8 May 2013.
- BAFTA Awards: Film And British Film in 1962. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Matthew Kennedy "'Thank Heaven: A Memoir, by Leslie Caron", Brightlights.com, issue 67, February 2010
- Phil Wickham The L-Shaped Room profile at screenonline.org
- Andrew Roberts "Bryan Forbes profile at British Film Institute website
- Alexander Walker National Heroes: British Cinema in the Seventies and Eighties, London: Harrap, 1985, p. 114
- "Forbes, Bryan (1926-) - Film and TV credits", BFI screenonline
- Barnes, M. "'Stepford Wives' director Bryan Forbes dies at 86", The Hollywood Reporter. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Museum of Broadcast Communications website
- Search at Edgar Awards Database. Retrieved 9 May 2013
- Sarah Standing "Bryan Forbes was a giant of a husband and father", 10 May 2013, telegraph.co.uk
- Bryan Forbes at the Internet Movie Database
- BFI Screenonline article
- Britmovie article
- Forbes at hollywood.com
- Bibliography of Forbes' fiction and non-fiction
- A Tribute to Forbes, BAFTA webcast, May 2007
- Portrait by Noel Haring