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Brycon hilarii.jpg
B. hilarii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Family: Characidae
Genus: Brycon
J. P. Müller & Troschel, 1844
  • Bryconodon C. H. Eigenmann, 1903
  • Catabasis C. H. Eigenmann & A. A. Norris, 1900
  • Chalcinopsis Kner, 1863
  • Holobrycon C. H. Eigenmann, 1909
  • Megalobrycon Günther, 1869
  • Othonophanes C. H. Eigenmann, 1903
  • Triurobrycon C. H. Eigenmann, 1909

Brycon is a genus of fish from the family Characidae.[1] Despite being unrelated to true trout, they are sometimes called South American trout.[2] They reach a maximum length of 12–80 cm (4.7–31.5 in) depending on the species involved, and the largest are among the largest species in the Characidae family. They are found widely in freshwater habitats in the Neotropics, ranging from southern Mexico to northern Argentina. Some species play a role in seed dispersal, and are able to jump out of the water to "pluck" low-hanging fruit directly from trees.[2]


The 43 currently recognized species in this genus are:[3][4]


  1. ^ "Brycon". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 January 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Brycons". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Brycon in FishBase. August 2013 version.
  4. ^ a b Angulo, A. & Gracian-Negrete, J.M. (2013): A new species of Brycon (Characiformes: Characidae) from Nicaragua and Costa Rica, with a key to the lower Mesoamerican species of the genus. Zootaxa, 3731 (2): 255–266.