Brzezinka

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For other places with the same name, see Brzezinka (disambiguation).
Brzezinka
Coat of arms of Brzezinka
Coat of arms
Brzezinka is located in Poland
Brzezinka
Brzezinka
Coordinates: 50°02′41″N 19°10′53″E / 50.04472°N 19.18139°E / 50.04472; 19.18139Coordinates: 50°02′41″N 19°10′53″E / 50.04472°N 19.18139°E / 50.04472; 19.18139
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
County Oświęcim County
Gmina Gmina Oświęcim
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,100
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Car plates KOS

Brzezinka [bʐɛˈʑiŋka] (German: Birkenau, Czech: Březinka) is a village in southern Poland, located about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Oświęcim (Auschwitz), in the district of Gmina Oświęcim, Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship.[1]

General information[edit]

The village is located near the confluence of the rivers Vistula and Soła, at the very center of the Vistula Valley, 240 meters above sea level. By the time of the construction of the first railroad station in 1856 the station was on Brzezinka's territory, but later it was transplanted to nearby Oświęcim (Auschwitz).

Two major factories are found there: Maszyn Górniczych "Omag", which in the 1930s, called Spółka Akcyjna Zjednoczenia Fabryk Maszyn i Samochodów "Oświęcim" (Auschwitz United Machinery and Automobile Manufacturing Inc.) produced the "Oświęcim-Praga" which won a Monte Carlo Rally; and the Polinova Company (popularly known as Papownia).

History[edit]

The name Brzezinka was given to the area as far back as 1385 and stems from the Polish word for the birch trees which are plentiful.(The family name of the Polish American statesman Zbigniew Brzezinski is derived from the same). From 1440 to 1483 Brzezinka was owned by Jan Brzeziński. During World War II after annexation by Germany the village was chosen as the site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau (Auschwitz II) German Nazi death camp, whose remains exist along with Auschwitz I as state museums to commemorate the victims of Nazism and the Holocaust.

On 1 April 2007 Brzezinka was featured on The Amazing Race: All-Stars.

References[edit]