The municipality of Buíque was settled in 1752, and was originally known as Campos de Buíque. The name "Buíque" comes from Tupi and means "Place of Snakes". Buíque became a village in 1854 and a city in 1874.
The famous Brazilian writer Graciliano Ramos grew up in Buíque. At age 18, Graciliano wrote to this mother: "... This is as the devil likes it: one wakes up at five in the morning and spends the day reading, smoking, eating and praying; one sleeps at nine in the evening. The life of an angel."
Located at latitude 08º37'23" south and longitude 37º09'21" west, 798 meters above the sea leavel, and 278 km from Pernambuco's state capital, Recife.
The Catimbau Valley or Vale do Catimbau in Portuguese, Brazil's second largest archeological site, it is located in Buíque. Among its attractions, are beautiful canyons, over 2,000 caves, and 28 registered areas with pre-historical cave paintings. The Brazilian federal government has listed the valley as a Unit of Integral Conservation and Preservation.
- State – Pernambuco
- Region – Agreste of Pernambuco
- Boundaries – Arcoverde and Sertânia (N); Águas Belas (S); Pedra (E); Tupanatinga and Itaíba (W)
- Area – 1345.1 sqkm
- Elevation – 798 m
- Hidrography – Ipanema and Moxotó rivers
- Vegetation – Subcaducifólia forest
- Clima – semi arid – hot and dry
- Annual average temperature – 21.5 c
- Distance to Recife – 278 km
The main economic activities in Buique are based in general commerce, some eco-tourism and agribusiness. Especially, plantations of cashew nuts, manioc, beans and, creations of cattle, sheep and goats.
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