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Buíque is located in the Pernambucan Agreste Mesoregion.
Catimbau Valley 2nd largest Brazilian Archeological site

Buíque is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Pernambuco, mesoregion of Agreste. Has an estimated population of 53.272 in a total territory of 1345,1 km2.


The municipality of Buíque was settled in 1752, and was originally known as Campos de Buíque. The name "Buíque" comes from Tupi and means "Place of Snakes". Buíque became a village in 1854 and a city in 1874.

The famous Brazilian writer Graciliano Ramos grew up in Buíque. At age 18, Graciliano wrote to this mother: "... This is as the devil likes it: one wakes up at five in the morning and spends the day reading, smoking, eating and praying; one sleeps at nine in the evening. The life of an angel."[citation needed]


Located at latitude 08º37'23" south and longitude 37º09'21" west, 798 meters above the sea leavel, and 278 km from Pernambuco's state capital, Recife.

The Catimbau Valley or Vale do Catimbau in Portuguese, Brazil's second largest archeological site, it is located in Buíque. Among its attractions, are beautiful canyons, over 2,000 caves, and 28 registered areas with pre-historical cave paintings. The Brazilian federal government has listed the valley as a Unit of Integral Conservation and Preservation.

Further information: Vale do Catimbau National Park


The main economic activities in Buique are based in general commerce, some eco-tourism and agribusiness. Especially, plantations of cashew nuts, manioc, beans and, creations of cattle, sheep and goats.

Economic indicators[edit]

Population[1] GDP x(1000 R$).[2] GDP pc (R$) PE
53.272 172.447 3.453 0.29%

Economy by sector 2006

Primary sector Secondary sector Service sector
28.77% 6.47% 64.76%

Health indicators[edit]


HDI (2000) Hospitals (2007) Hospitals beds (2007) Children's Mortality every 1000 (2005)
0.575 2 64 27.7


  1. ^ "Population 2009 Buique" (PDF) (in portuguese). IBGE. p. 32. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Buique 2007 GDP" (PDF) (in portuguese). IBGE. p. 29. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  3. ^ PE State site – City by city profile

Coordinates: 8°37′S 37°09′W / 8.617°S 37.150°W / -8.617; -37.150