Bu'eine Nujeidat

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Bu'eine Nujeidat
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew בועיינה-נוג'ידאת
 • ISO 259 Buˀéine - Nuǧeidaˀt
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic بعينة-نجيدات
Beine, 2005
Beine, 2005
Bu'eine Nujeidat is located in Israel
Bu'eine Nujeidat
Bu'eine Nujeidat
Coordinates: 32°48′26.68″N 35°22′2.2″E / 32.8074111°N 35.367278°E / 32.8074111; 35.367278Coordinates: 32°48′26.68″N 35°22′2.2″E / 32.8074111°N 35.367278°E / 32.8074111; 35.367278
Grid position 184/245 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1980)
Area
 • Total 7,058 dunams (7.058 km2 or 2.725 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 7,900
Name meaning from personal name[1]

Bu'eine Nujeidat is an Arab local council in the North District of Israel. Made up of two villages, Bu'eine and Nujeidat, they merged in 1987 and were recognized as one local council in 1996. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the population of 7,900 inhabitants (2006) is majority Muslim with a growth rate of 2.3%.

History[edit]

Bu'eine is a village located on an ancient site.[2] A small jug from the Iron Age, and potsherds from the Roman and Byzantine periods have been found here.[3] A possible Roman or Byzantine grave is also located here.[4]

Potsherds from the early Islamic and Mamluk period have also been found.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as al-Bu'ayna, located in the Nahiya of Tabariyya of the Liwa of Safad. The population was 38 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax- rate of 25% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, fruit trees and cotton, in addition to occasional revenues, and goats and beehives; a total of 2420 Akçe.[6][7]

A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed Bu'eine, named as Beni.[8]

In 1875, when Victor Guérin visited, the village had at most 150 inhabitants.[9] Guérin further noted that "below the village, on the north-east side, a curious reservoir cut in the rock, with three troughs. Steps lead down into it. Within it is covered with a thick cement, and vaulted over with cut stones. The water formerly flowed into it through a conduit now choked. The mosque of the village is an ancient church, a new door having been made in the north side. The slopes of the hill were formerly covered with houses, built in terraces. Rude characters were found traced on the rocks about 600 paces to the east of the village."[10]

In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described El Baineh as, "a village built on the hillside, containing 200 Moslem inhabitants. It possesses a spring, and there are olive-groves in the plain to the north."[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bu’aniyeh had a population of 212, all Muslims,[12] increasing in the 1931 census to 349, of whom 2 were Jews and the rest Muslims, in a total of 67 occupied houses.[13]

In 1945 the population of Bu'eina was 540, all Arabs, while the total land area was 9,214 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[14] Of this, 782 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 13,223 for cereals,[15] while 30 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[16] All the inhabitants were Muslim.[17]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

Bu'eine was captured by the Israeli army during the second part of Operation Dekel, 15–18 July 1948.[18] It remained under Martial Law until 1966.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 124
  2. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 721
  3. ^ Dalali-Amos, 2006, Bu‘eina
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 381-382
  5. ^ Porat, 2007, Bu‘eina
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 189
  7. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  8. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 166.
  9. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 363-364
  10. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 363-364; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 382
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 362-363
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p.73
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 62
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 109
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 159
  17. ^ Village Statistics April 1945, The Palestine Government, p. 8
  18. ^ Morris, 1987, p. 200

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]