Bu'eine was a Palestinian Arab village, its name derived from the nearby ancient village of Beit Anat. Nujeidat was also a Palestinian Arab village, established by soldiers from Nejd who came to fight with Saladin's army in the 12th century. Known as the Arab al-Nujeidat or the "Arabs of Nejd", they gave their tribal name to the village.
Bu'eine was captured by the Israeli army during the second part of Operation Dekel, 15-18 July 1948. It remained under Martial Law until 1966.