Bu'eine was a Palestinian Arab village, its name derived from the nearby ancient village of Beit Anat. Nujeidat was also a Palestinian Arab village, established by soldiers from Nejd who came to fight with Saladin's army in the 12th century. Known as the Arab al-Nujeidat or the "Arabs of Nejd", they gave their tribal name to the village.
Bu'eine was captured by the Israeli army during the second part of Operation Dekel, 15–18 July 1948. It remained under Martial Law until 1966.
Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN3-920405-41-2. (p. 189)