|• Mayor||Jean-Marc Le Rudulier|
|• Land1||8.07 km2 (3.12 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||78117 / 78530|
|Elevation||97–176 m (318–577 ft)
(avg. 106 m or 348 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Its inhabitants are called Bucois, Bucoises.
Buc is located 21 km south west of Paris, France.
The old town and a part of the city is located inside the vallée de la Bièvre (Bièvre valley) at an altitude of approximately 100 meters. Most of its residential neighborhood are implanted on the plateau de Saclay (Saclay's plateau) at around 50 meters higher.
Buc's surrounding communes are: Versailles at its north, Jouy-en-Josas at its north east, Les Loges-en-Josas at its South east, Toussus-le-Noble at its south, Châteaufort at its extreme south west and Guyancourt at its west.
(Graphic elaboration by Wikipedia)
- Territory attached to the domain of Versailles in 1660 and used to be frequented by Louis XIV of France mostly for hunting.
- 1684-1686 : Construction of the Buc aqueduct (aqueduc de Buc).
- 1880 : Construction of the Fort du Haut-Buc.
- 1909, July 25 : Installation of Louis Blériot on 200 ha ; he built his private airfield and, in 1913, a flying school.
- Saint-Jean-Baptiste Church : Built in siliceous rock from the 12th century, enlarged in 1994. The nave has a gothic architectural shape and its bell tower has a romanesque style. In the steeple, the bell, which is classified Monument historique, has been melted, blessed and then baptized Louise Auguste Adélaïde by its sponsor Louis XIV of France in 1775.
- Aqueduc de Buc : Built by François Michel Le Tellier de Louvois in 1686. This aqueduct purpose was to provide water drained from the Ponds of Saclay (More precisely ponds of Saclé, Pont Salé and Saint-Hubert by the time it was used.) and delivered to the Domain of the Palace of Versailles, known as well as the Gardens of Versailles, in order to supply huge amounts of water to its multitude of fountains and bassins. The aqueduct has 19 millstone arches, is 21 meters high and 580 meters long. Now disused, this great architectural work has been classified Monument historique in 1952.
- Château du Haut-Buc : This ancient little castle was part of the Grand parc de Versailles (Great Versailles Domain) and was used by Louis XIV of France to accommodate his son Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse (1681), duc de Penthièvre (1697), d'Arc, de Châteauvillain and de Rambouillet (1711) which later moved into the Pavillon des Eaux at Louveciennes. Le Château du Haut-Buc has been destroyed in 1740 on order of Louis XV of France. The actual castle, the commune property, has been rebuilt on the same site in 1864. Today the castle is often used as a showroom. Its park has a soccer, rugby and basketball pitch.
- Fort du Haut-Buc : Made between 1814 and 1880, this fortification used to be part of the second fortified defence belt of Paris between 1874 and 1882. This military building is currently unaffected and is completely abandoned since 1995.
- Near the aqueduct and the Pond of La Geneste (Part of the ponds of La Minière), the Oak of Louis XIV, which is probably more than 500 years old, survived a great storm which occurred in 1999, devastating much of the forest. Unfortunately this emblematic tree collapsed from aging, the last week of 2004. Buc's forest is part of the Forêt de Versailles (Versailles forest).
- Buc local legend : Some people postpone that beavers can be observed in La Bièvre whereas nothing really proves the presence of such inhabitants. This river get its name from the latin word biber which means beaver that would explain the legend. But other roots can be found like beber which means "brown" which could qualify its natural water color or bibere which means to drink which is more than enjoyable on the evening, facing the pond of La Geneste in a peaceful atmosphere with some mates and a good pack of Kronenbourgs cans. And surprisingly, this it at those moments that beavers are more likely to appear.
- A cartoon Festival (Festival de Buc) is held each year since 1994. The comic book of one of the adventures of Blake and Mortimer, S.O.S. Meteors: Mortimer in Paris (1959) of Edgar P. Jacobs, has its story based in Buc and around.
- Buc is the home of one of the three Franco-German high school and the only one located in France. Franco-German Baccalauréats are issued.
In 2005, the commune has been rewarded « Ville Internet @@ » (« Internet city @@ ») as well as in 2008 and 2010 · . That is actually the only good thing the actual mayor, Jean-Marc Le Rudulier, has brought to the commune during his two long terms. This reward is highly decorative under the Buc's entrance street sign. It's something Bucois and Bucoises can be proud of.
The Yvelines department has been created in 1968. This one was subsequently part of the Seine-et-Oise department. Jehan Despert is considered as the « father » of the Yvelines. He is the one whom suggested to the president of the County Council of Seine-et-Oise of that time, Gaston Palewski, the name of this department at its creation, in reference to the ancient forêt d'Yveline (Yveline forest) from which radiate most of the water streams that irrigate the department. The actual Foret de Rambouillet (Rambouillet forest) constituted its remains.
Buc is not served by any station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest stations from Buc are Versailles - Chantier station (gare de Versailles - Chantiers) and Petit Jouy Les Loges station (gare de Petit Jouy - Les Loges). One bus line (Bus 262) links the city to Versailles. It takes the bus 5–15 minutes (If you are located at the Bas-Buc) to 10–30 minutes (if you are located at the Haut-Buc) to reach Versailles - Chantier station depending of the traffic.
Around 250 businesses are located in Buc.
Twin town — Sister city
Buc is twinned with:
- (French) http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population avant le recensement de 1962
- (French) Insee: Population depuis le recensement de 1962
- (French) From the New dictionnary of Paris surrounding areas, published in 1835:
- (French) Second Defence belt of Paris
- (French) Palmarès 2005 des Villes Internet sur le site officiel de l'association. Retrieved the 01/10/2009.
- (French) Palmarès 2008 des Villes Internet sur le site officiel de l'association. Retrieved the 01/10/2009.
- (French) Palmarès 2010 des Villes Internet sur le site officiel de l'association. Retrieved the 18/12/2009.
- (French) Buc's town hall official website
- (French) aerial point of view of the commune of Buc available at the IAURIF website
- (French) Buc's key figures on Insee website
- (English) Buc map sur Google Maps