Buck Leonard

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Buck Leonard
Buck Leonard.jpg
First baseman
Born: (1907-09-08)September 8, 1907
Rocky Mount, North Carolina
Died: November 27, 1997(1997-11-27) (aged 90)
Rocky Mount, North Carolina
Batted: Left Threw: Left
Professional debut
Negro league baseball: 1934Homestead Grays
Last professional appearance
1950Homestead Grays
Career statistics
Batting average .320
Slugging percentage .527
Teams

Negro leagues

Other

Career highlights and awards
  • 13× All-Star selection (1935, 1937, 1938, 1939-Comiskey, 1939-Yankee Stadium, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946-Griffith, 1946-Comiskey, 1948)
  • Negro World Series champion (1943, 1944, 1948)
Inducted 1972
Election Method Negro Leagues Committee

Walter Fenner "Buck" Leonard (September 8, 1907 – November 27, 1997) was an American first baseman in Negro league baseball and in the Mexican League. After growing up in North Carolina, he played for the Homestead Grays between 1934 and 1950, batting fourth behind Josh Gibson for many years. The Grays teams of the 1930s and 1940s were considered some of the best teams in Negro league history.

Leonard never played in Major League Baseball (MLB); he declined a 1952 offer of an MLB contract because he felt he was too old. Late in life, Leonard worked as a physical education instructor and was the vice-president of a minor league baseball team. He and Gibson were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972. In 1999, he was ranked number 47 on the 100 Greatest Baseball Players list by The Sporting News'.

Early life[edit]

Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina,[1] Leonard left school at the age of 14 because no high school education was available for blacks in his hometown. He worked in a textile mill and as a shoeshine boy at a railroad station, the latter being typical of the economic situation for many African Americans at that time.

Negro league career[edit]

He began his Negro league career in 1933 with the Brooklyn Royal Giants, then moved to the legendary Homestead Grays in 1934, the team he played for until his retirement in 1950. The Grays of the late 1930s through the mid-1940s are considered one of the greatest teams of any race ever assembled. Leonard batted fourth in their lineup behind Josh Gibson. Since Gibson was known as the "Black Babe Ruth" and Leonard was a first baseman, Buck Leonard was inevitably called the "Black Lou Gehrig." Together, the pair was colloquially known as the "Thunder Twins" or "Dynamite Twins".[2] From 1937 to 1945 the Grays won 9 consecutive Negro National League championships. Leonard led the Negro leagues in batting average in 1948 with a mark of .395, and usually either led the league in home runs or finished second in homers to teammate Gibson.

In 1952, Leonard was offered a major league contract, but he believed that at age 45 he was too old and might embarrass himself and hurt the cause of integration. He may well have underestimated his own longevity, however, since he batted .333 in 10 games in the Class B Piedmont League the following year, and played in Mexico through 1955, where the level of play was very high.

Later life[edit]

Baseball Hall of Fame induction plaque

After retiring permanently as a player in 1955, Leonard worked as a truant officer, a physical education instructor, and the vice-president of a minor league team in his birthplace of Rocky Mount, a team of which he was also a board member. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972 along with Gibson.

In 1994, the Major League All-Star Game was held in Pittsburgh, hometown of the Grays, and the 88-year-old Leonard was named an honorary captain. He appeared wearing a model of a Grays uniform. He was one of Negro league baseball's foremost ambassadors until his death at age 90 in Rocky Mount.

In 1999, he ranked Number 47 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players, one of five players so honored who played all or most of their careers in the Negro leagues, and was nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

According to Negro league statistics compiled in a project sponsored by the National Baseball Hall of Fame, Leonard's career batting average was .320 and his slugging percentage was .527. In 1,472 recorded at bats, he had 471 hits, 60 home runs, 73 doubles, and 26 triples, drew 257 walks, and scored 352 runs while driving in 275.[3]

Career statistics[edit]

Negro leagues[edit]

The first official statistics for the Negro leagues were compiled as part of a statistical study sponsored by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and supervised by Larry Lester and Dick Clark; a research team collected statistics from thousands of boxscores of league-sanctioned games.[4] The first results from this study were the statistics for Negro league Hall of Famers elected prior to 2006, which were published in Shades of Glory by Lawrence D. Hogan. These statistics include the official Negro league statistics for Buck Leonard.

Year Team G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG
1934 Homestead 20 79 16 28 4 0 5 14 0 3 .354 .595
1935 Homestead 36 147 26 50 10 1 3 10 3 15 .340 .483
1936 Homestead 17 62 15 15 1 1 2 3 1 12 .242 .387
1937 Homestead p 28 105 39 39 8 1 7 17 1 20 .371 .667
1938 Homestead p 27 99 21 33 0 0 3 8 0 11 .333 .424
1939 Homestead 22 72 23 30 5 0 5 23 2 17 .417 .694
1940 Homestead p 44 152 40 60 12 3 8 44 4 32 .395 .671
1941 Homestead p 36 123 40 36 4 5 8 29 6 30 .293 .602
1942 Homestead p 26 87 10 18 3 0 0 10 1 14 .207 .241
1943 Homestead c 55 200 55 59 11 7 4 41 2 38 .295 .480
1944 Homestead c 34 121 30 34 8 5 5 27 1 18 .281 .554
1945 Homestead p 16 59 7 17 1 2 0 7 0 7 .288 .373
1946 Homestead 30 102 18 27 3 1 3 26 3 24 .265 .402
1947 Homestead 11 30 7 16 0 0 4 8 1 8 .533 .933
1948 Homestead c 10 34 5 9 3 0 3 8 0 8 .265 .618
Total 15 seasons 412 1472 352 471 73 26 60 275 25 257 .320 .527
   p = pennant; c = pennant and Negro World Series championship.

Sources:[3][5]

Mexican League[edit]

Year Team G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG
1951 Torreón 83 273 64 88 19 1 14 64 5 87 .322 .553
1952 Torreón 86 295 50 96 15 1 8 71 12 90 .325 .464
1953 Torreón 58 190 39 63 20 2 5 38 4 58 .332 .537
Total 3 seasons 227 758 153 247 54 4 27 173 21 235 .326 .515

Source:[6]

Minor League Baseball[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Leonard Buck | Baseball Hall of fame". Hall of Famers. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Payment, p. 40.
  3. ^ a b Hogan, pp. 392–93.
  4. ^ Hogan, p. 381.
  5. ^ Clark and Lester, p. 165.
  6. ^ Treto Cisneros, p. 176.

References[edit]

  • Clark, Dick; Lester, Larry (1994), The Negro Leagues Book, Cleveland, Ohio: Society for American Baseball Research 
  • Hogan, Lawrence D. (2006), Shades of Glory: The Negro Leagues and the Story of African-American Baseball, Washington DC: National Geographic, pp. 392–93, ISBN 0-7922-5306-X 
  • Treto Cisneros, Pedro (2002), The Mexican League: Comprehensive Player Statistics, 1937–2001, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, ISBN 0-7864-1378-6 
  • Payment, Simone (2002), Buck Leonard, New York, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group Inc., ISBN 0-8239-3473-X 

External links[edit]