|Location||Jefferson / Clallam counties, Washington, USA|
|Nearest city||Quilcene, WA|
|Area||44,258 acres (179.1 km²)|
|Governing body||Olympic National Forest of the U.S. Forest Service|
The Buckhorn Wilderness is a 44,258-acre (179.11 km2) mountainous wilderness area on the northeastern Olympic Peninsula in Washington, USA. Named after Buckhorn Mountain (6,988 ft or 2,130 m), the wilderness abuts the eastern boundary of Olympic National Park which includes nearby Mount Constance (7,756 ft or 2,364 m), Inner Constance (7,667 ft or 2,337 m), Warrior Peak (7,320 ft or 2,230 m), and Mount Deception (7,788 ft or 2,374 m).
The Buckhorn Wilderness, established in 1984, is the largest of the five wilderness areas surrounding the Olympic Wilderness within Olympic National Park. The others are:
- The Brothers Wilderness
- Colonel Bob Wilderness
- Mount Skokomish Wilderness
- Wonder Mountain Wilderness
The Buckhorn Wilderness is administered by the Hood Canal Ranger District of the Olympic National Forest.
The lowest elevations of the Buckhorn Wilderness are found in the lower parts of the three principal drainages: 2,470 feet (750 m) at the Big Quilcene River, 2,700 feet (820 m) at the Dungeness River, and 3,300 feet (1,000 m) at Townsend Creek. The highest point in the wilderness is 7,139 feet (2,176 m) at the summit of Mount Fricaba, which lies on the western boundary of the wilderness area, shared by Olympic National Park. The tallest peak entirely within the wilderness is Buckhorn Mountain at 6,988 feet (2,130 m). A notable historical site in the Buckhorn Wilderness is the Tubal Cain mine.
The wilderness lies within the rain shadow of the Olympic Range, resulting in a relatively drier climate. Despite this, the lowland forests (below about 4,000 feet) are still dominated by stands of old-growth western red cedar, western hemlock, and Douglas-fir, in addition to numerous understory organisms such as devil's club, salal, thimbleberry, fungi, and mosses. Above about 6,000 feet (1,800 m), alpine vegetation prevails where conditions are not too dry. Some slopes, such as the south side of Buckhorn Mountain, are rather arid above tree line due to fast-draining soils, sunny exposure, and low precipitation in the summer months.
- "Wilderness Acreages: Buckhorn Wilderness". Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- Buckhorn Wilderness - Olympic National Forest
- Buckhorn Wilderness recreation opportunity guide - Olympic National Forest
- Buckhorn Wilderness - Wilderness.net
- Buckhorn Wilderness - GORP
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