Buckinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Buckinghamshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1265–1885
Number of members two

Buckinghamshire is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

Its most prominent member was Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

This county constituency consisted of the historic county of Buckinghamshire, in south-eastern England to the north-west of the modern Greater London region. Its southern boundary was the River Thames. See History of Buckinghamshire for maps of the historic county and details about it.

The county returned two knights of the shire until 1832 and three 1832-1885. The place of election for the county was at the county town of Aylesbury. Aylesbury replaced Buckingham as the county town in 1529.

The county, up to 1885, also contained the borough constituencies of Amersham (originally enfranchised with 2 seats from 1300, revived 1625, disenfranchised 1832), Aylesbury (originally enfranchised with 2 seats from 1302, revived 1554), Buckingham (2 seats from 1529, 1 seat from 1868), Chipping Wycombe (2 seats from 1300, 1 seat from 1868), Great Marlow (2 seats 1625-1868, 1 seat from 1868) and Wendover (2 seats 1625-1832, disenfranchised 1832).

In 1885 the county was split into three single-member county divisions. These were Aylesbury, Buckingham and Wycombe.

Aylesbury, Buckingham, Chipping Wycombe and Great Marlow were disenfranchised as borough constituencies. There were no remaining Parliamentary boroughs in the county from 1885.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Preliminary note: The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The year used in the lists of Parliaments in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. It should be noted that old style dates would be a year earlier than the new style for days between 1 January and 24 March. No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland as well as other British controlled territories (when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the British Empire fully in line with the Gregorian calendar.

Constituency created (1265): See De Montfort's Parliament for further details. Knights of the shire are known to have been summoned to most Parliaments from 1290 (19th Parliament of King Edward I of England) and to every one from 1320 (19th Parliament of King Edward II of England).

Knights of the shire 1290–1660[edit]

For a list see Knights of Buckinghamshire

Knights of the shire 1660–1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1660 Thomas Tyrrell Sir William Bowyer, 1st Bt.
August 1660 William Tyringham
1679 Hon. Thomas Wharton Whig John Hampden
1681 Richard Hampden Whig
1685 Viscount Brackley Whig
1689 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt.
1690 Richard Hampden Whig
1695 Sir Richard Atkins, 2nd Bt.
February 1696 The Viscount Newhaven Tory
December 1696 Henry Neale
1698 Goodwin Wharton Whig
1701 Robert Dormer
1702 The Viscount Newhaven Tory
1704 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
1705 Robert Dormer
1706 William Egerton
1708 Sir Edmund Denton, 1st Bt. Richard Hampden
1710 The Viscount Fermanagh Tory
1713 John Fleetwood
1715 Richard Hampden
1722 Montague Garrard Drake Sir Thomas Lee, 3rd Bt.
1727 Sir William Stanhope Richard Hampden (died 1728)
1729 Sir Thomas Lee, 3rd Bt.
1741 Richard Grenville Whig Richard Lowndes
1747 Sir William Stanhope
1768 The Earl Verney Whig
1774 George Grenville Whig
1779 Thomas Grenville Whig
1784 William Grenville Whig Sir John Aubrey, 6th Bt.
June 1790 The Earl Verney Whig
December 1790 James Grenville
1791 Marquess of Titchfield Tory
1797 Earl Temple
1810 William Selby Lowndes
1813 Thomas Grenville
1818 Marquess of Chandos Tory
1820 Robert John Smith Whig
1831 John Smith Whig
1832 Third member added

Knights of the shire 1832–1885[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party Third member Third party
1832 Marquess of Chandos Conservative John Smith Liberal Sir George Dashwood, 5th Bt. Liberal
1835 Sir William Young, 4th Bt Conservative James Backwell Praed Conservative
1837 by-election George Simon Harcourt Conservative
1839 by-election Caledon Du Pré Conservative
1841 Charles Scott-Murray Conservative
1842 by-election Hon. William FitzMaurice Conservative
1845 by-election Christopher Tower Conservative
1847 Hon. Charles Cavendish Liberal Benjamin Disraeli Conservative
1857 William Cavendish Liberal
1863 by-election Robert Harvey Conservative
1868 Nathaniel Grace Lambert Liberal
1874 Sir Robert Harvey, Bt Conservative
1876 by-election Hon. Thomas Fremantle Conservative
1880 Rupert Carington Liberal
1885 Constituency divided. See Aylesbury, Buckingham and Wycombe

Elections[edit]

In multi-member elections the bloc voting system was used. Voters could cast a vote for one or two (or three in three-member elections 1832-1868) candidates, as they chose. The leading candidates with the largest number of votes were elected. In 1868 the limited vote was introduced, which restricted an individual elector to using one or two votes, in elections to fill three seats.

In by-elections, to fill a single seat, the first past the post system applied.

After 1832, when registration of voters was introduced, a turnout figure is given for contested elections. In three-member elections, when the exact number of participating voters is unknown, this is calculated by dividing the number of votes by three (to 1868) and two thereafter. To the extent that electors did not use all their votes this will be an underestimate of turnout.

Where a party had more than one candidate in one or both of a pair of successive elections change is calculated for each individual candidate, otherwise change is based on the party vote.

Candidates for whom no party has been identified are classified as Non Partisan. The candidate might have been associated with a party or faction in Parliament or consider himself to belong to a particular political tradition. Political parties before the 19th century were not as cohesive or organised as they later became. Contemporary commentators (even the reputed leaders of parties or factions) in the 18th century did not necessarily agree who the party supporters were. The traditional parties, which had arisen in the late 17th century, became increasingly irrelevant to politics in the 18th century (particularly after 1760), although for some contests in some constituencies party labels were still used. It was only towards the end of the century that party labels began to acquire some meaning again, although this process was by no means complete for several more generations.'

Sources: The results for elections 1660-1790 were taken from the History of Parliament Trust publications. The results are based on Stooks Smith from 1790 until the UK general election, 1832 and Craig from 1832. Where Stooks Smith gives additional information after 1832 this is indicated in a note.

1660-70s1680-90s1700-10s1720-30s1740-50s1760-70s1780-90s1800-10s1820-30s1840-50s1860-80s

Elections in the 1660-70s[edit]

General Election 11 April 1660: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Bowyer Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Thomas Tyrrell Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Appointment of Tyrrell as a Judge
By-Election 22 August 1660: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Tyringham Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 1661: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir William Bowyer, Bt 1,499 27.58 N/A
Non Partisan William Tyringham 1,379 25.37 N/A
Non Partisan Richard Hampden 1,315 24.20 N/A
Non Partisan R. Winwood 1,242 22.85 N/A
General Election 5 February 1679: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan John Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1680-90s[edit]

General Election 1680: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan John Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 2 February 1681: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Richard Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 10 April 1685: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Viscount Brackley 2,430 44.66 N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton 1,804 33.16 N/A
Non Partisan T. Hackett 1,207 22.18 N/A
General Election 10 January 1689: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Thomas Lee, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 19 February 1690: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Richard Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 30 October 1695: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Richard Atkins, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Thomas Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 24 February 1696: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. William Cheyne Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
  • Note (February 1696): The Hon. William Cheyne succeeded his father as the 2nd Viscount Newhaven, an Irish peerage, in 1698.
  • Death of Atkins
By-Election 31 December 1696: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Henry Neale Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 27 August 1698: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory The Viscount Newhaven Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Goodwin Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1700-10s[edit]

General Election February 1701: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory The Viscount Newhaven Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Goodwin Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 10 December 1701: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Robert Dormer Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Goodwin Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 22 July 1702: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory The Viscount Newhaven Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Goodwin Wharton Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Wharton
By-Election 8 November 1704: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir Richard Temple, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig gain from Non Partisan Swing N/A
General Election 24 May 1705: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Robert Dormer Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Sir Richard Temple, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Appointment of Dormer as a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas
By-Election 27 February 1706: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Hon. William Egerton Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 18 May 1708: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Edmund Denton, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1708): Possible classification - Hampden (W)
General Election 4 October 1710: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Edmund Denton, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory The Viscount Fermanagh Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 2 September 1713: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory The Viscount Fermanagh Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan John Fleetwood Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1713): Possible classification - Fleetwood (T)
General Election 2 February 1715: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan John Fleetwood Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1715): Possible classification - Fleetwood (T), Hampden (W)
  • Appointment of Hampden as a Teller of the Exchequer
By-Election 4 July 1716: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
  • Note (1716): Possible classification - Hampden (W)
  • Appointment of Hampden as Treasurer of the Navy
By-Election 9 April 1717: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Hampden Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
  • Note (1717): Possible classification - Hampden (W)

Elections in the 1720-30s[edit]

General Election 4 April 1722: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Montague Garrard Drake 2,441 37.21 N/A
Non Partisan Sir Thomas Lee, Bt 2,415 36.81 N/A
Non Partisan Fleetwood Dormer 1,704 25.98 N/A
  • Note (1722): Possible classification - Drake (T), Lee & Dormer (W)
General Election 16 August 1727: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Hon. Sir William Stanhope 2,310 39.39 N/A
Non Partisan Richard Hampden 1,903 32.45 N/A
Non Partisan William Gore 1,651 28.16 N/A
  • Note (1727): Possible classification - Stanhope & Hampden (W), Gore (T)
  • Death of Hampden
By-Election 29 January 1729: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Thomas Lee, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
  • Note (1729): Possible classification - Lee (W)
General Election 1734: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Hon. Sir William Stanhope 2,414 43.96 N/A
Non Partisan Sir Thomas Lee, Bt 1,763 32.11 N/A
Non Partisan Richard Lowndes 1,314 23.93 N/A
  • Note (1734): Possible classification - Stanhope & Lee (W), Lowndes (T)

Elections in the 1740-50s[edit]

General Election 6 May 1741: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Richard Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1741): Possible classification - Lowndes (T)
General Election 6 July 1747: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Hon. Sir William Stanhope Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1747): Possible classification - Lowndes (T), Stanhope (W)
General Election 17 April 1754: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Hon. Sir William Stanhope Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1754): Possible classification - Lowndes (T), Stanhope (W)

Elections in the 1760-70s[edit]

General Election 4 April 1761: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Hon. Sir William Stanhope Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1761): Possible classification - Lowndes (T), Stanhope (W)
General Election 28 March 1768: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig The Earl Verney Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1768): Possible classification - Lowndes (T)
General Election 19 October 1774: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig The Earl Verney Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 25 October 1779: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Hon. Thomas Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1780-90s[edit]

General Election 13 September 1780: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Hon. Thomas Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig The Earl Verney Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 21 April 1784: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Grenville 2,261 39.55 N/A
Non Partisan John Aubrey 1,740 30.44 N/A
Whig The Earl Verney 1,716 30.02 N/A
  • Note (1784): Poll 13 days. 3,548 voted. Possible classification for Aubrey (T). (Source: Stooks Smith)
  • An alternative interpretation is that Aubrey was a supporter of Pitt (who called himself a Whig, although retrospectively usually classified as a Tory). Aubrey had very clearly identified himself with the opposition to the Fox-North coalition. (Source: Davis)
  • Appointment of Grenville as Secretary of State for the Home Department
By-Election 19 June 1789: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
General Election 22 June 1790: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Marquess of Titchfield Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig The Earl Verney Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Verney
By-Election 27 December 1790: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Rt Hon. James Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan gain from Whig Swing N/A
General Election 1 June 1796: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Rt Hon. James Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Marquess of Titchfield Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Resignation of Grenville
By-Election 30 June 1797: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1800-10s[edit]

General Election July 1802: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Marquess of Titchfield Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1802): Identifying a definitive party label for Temple and Titchfield is difficult. Stooks Smith considered Temple a Tory and Titchfield a Whig, but he may not be reliable for Bucks candidates allegiances before about 1818. Both knights of the shire were members of traditional Whig families and were closely related to one or more Whig Prime Ministers. Temple was a member of the Grenville family, which had supported their cousin William Pitt the Younger during his first premiership 1783-1801. Former Bucks MP (and uncle of Earl Temple) William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville had become closer to Charles James Fox and his faction of opposition Whigs since leaving office with Pitt in 1801. This may have affected the political position of his relatives like Earl Temple. Titchfield was the son of William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland who had been the Whig Prime Minister of the Fox-North Coalition, in office before Pitt. However Portland had split his Whig faction and broken with the pre-eminent opposition Whig leader in the House of Commons, Charles James Fox, over the attitude to be taken to the French Revolution. Portland joined Pitt's cabinet in 1794. Pitt called himself a Whig, although his followers came from both traditional Whig and Tory families. Titchfield, when he was first elected for the county in 1791, had been brought forward as a candidate by the Buckinghamshire Independent Club. This club had supported the late Earl Verney, and were definitely a Whig organisation. At that time Titchfield's father was the leader of the largest Whig faction in opposition to Pitt's Ministry. However Davis does imply that Titchfield himself was a Tory, which is how he has been classified in this article. In the absence of a clear indication of whether Temple considered himself a Whig or Tory at this stage of his career, he has been classified as a Non Partisan member for this article.
General Election 1806: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Marquess of Titchfield Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1806): As for 1802 save that following Pitt's death William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, who had not joined Pitt's second Ministry in 1804, become Prime Minister of the Ministry of All the Talents in 1806. This may have led the Grenvilles, in retrospect, to continue to be regarded as Whig when Pitt and other groups of his supporters came to be called Tory after Pitt's death.
General Election 11 May 1807: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Rt Hon. Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Marquess of Titchfield Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1807): As before save that in 1807 the Duke of Portland had formed a Tory administration (although he claimed to be the Whig Prime Minister of a Tory Ministry). In retrospect Portland has been regarded as a Tory at the time of his second Ministry.
  • Succession of Titchfield as 4th Duke of Portland
By-Election 3 January 1810: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Selby Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan gain from Tory Swing N/A
  • Note (1810): Possible party for Selby Lowndes is Whig (source: Stooks Smith), but given his conservative religious views and support for Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth's anti-dissenter policy it may be best to regard him as a member of a traditional Whig family who was moving towards being a nineteenth century Tory. He has been classified as Non Partisan for the purpose of this article.
General Election 1812: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Selby Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Rt Hon. Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 6 March 1813: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Thomas Grenville Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
  • Note (1813): Grenville was the uncle of the 2nd Marquess of Buckingham (formerly Earl Temple MP). The same factors noted for Temple lead to Thomas Grenville being classified as Non Partisan for the purpose of this article. Stooks Smith however classifies him as Tory and he was of the same generation as his brother William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville classified by Stooks Smith as a Tory and in this article as a Whig.
General Election 22 June 1818: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Selby Lowndes Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1820-30s[edit]

General Election 13 March 1820: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Hon. Robert John Smith Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Earl Temple Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1826: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Marquess of Chandos Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Robert John Smith Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1830: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Marquess of Chandos Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Hon. Robert John Smith Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 9 May 1831: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Marquess of Chandos 1,594 42.18 N/A
Whig John Smith 1,284 33.98 N/A
Whig Pascoe Grenfell 901 23.84 N/A
  • Note (1831): Chandos 1,287 plumpers, 287 split with Smith, 18 split with Grenfell; Smith 191 plumpers, 806 split with Grenfell; Grenfell 2 plumpers. Total voters 2,593. (Source: Davis). Poll: 4 days. (Source: Stooks Smith)
General Election 17 December 1832: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marquess of Chandos 2,856 33.84 -8.34
Liberal John Smith 2,402 28.46 -5.52
Liberal George Henry Dashwood 1,647 19.51 +19.51
Conservative Charles Robert Scott Murray 1,536 18.20 +18.20
Turnout 5,306 78.95 N/A
  • Note (1832): 5,306 registered electors; 4,189 voted (Source: Stooks Smith).
General Election 10 January 1835: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marquess of Chandos 3,094 28.91 -4.93
Conservative Sir William Laurence Young, Bt 2,394 22.37 +22.37
Conservative James Backwell Praed 2,179 20.36 +20.36
Liberal George Henry Dashwood 1,672 15.62 -3.89
Liberal Dr John Lee 1,365 12.75 +12.75
Turnout 5,371 73.47 -5.48
  • Note (1835): 5,371 registered electors; 3,946 voted (Source: Stooks Smith).
  • Death of Praed
By-Election 20 February 1837: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Simon Harcourt 2,233 69.46 +69.46
Liberal George Henry Dashwood 982 30.54 +14.92
Majority 1,251 38.91 N/A
Turnout 5,760 55.82 -17.65
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1837: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marquess of Chandos 2,993 28.78 +28.78
Conservative George Simon Harcourt 2,704 26.00 -43.46
Conservative Sir William Laurence Young, Bt 2,633 25.32 +25.32
Liberal George Robert Smith 2,071 19.91 +19.91
Turnout 5,760 77.50 +21.68
  • Note (1837): 5,761 registered electors; 4,464 voted (Source: Stooks Smith). Turnout calculated on Craig's electorate figure of 5,760.
  • Succession of Chandos as 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
By-Election 18 February 1839: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Caledon Du Pré Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840-50s[edit]

General Election 5 July 1841: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Laurence Young, Bt 2,578 29.83 N/A
Conservative Caledon Du Pré 2,572 29.76 N/A
Conservative Charles Robert Scott Murray 2,547 29.47 N/A
Liberal Dr John Lee 495 5.73 N/A
Liberal Henry Morgan Vane 450 5.21 N/A
Turnout 6,156 49.89 N/A
  • Note (1841): 6,107 registered electors; 3,071 voted (Source: Stooks Smith). Turnout calculated on Craig's electorate figure of 6,156.
  • Death of Young
By-Election 15 July 1842: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. William Edward Fitzmaurice Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
  • Resignation of Scott Murray
By-Election 21 February 1845: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Tower Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 4 August 1847: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Caledon Du Pré Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 12 March 1852: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1852: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Caledon Du Pré 2,000 33.16 N/A
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli 1,973 32.71 N/A
Liberal Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish 1,403 23.26 N/A
Liberal Dr John Lee 656 10.88 N/A
Turnout 5,659 35.53 N/A
General Election 1857: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Caledon Du Pré Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 28 December 1857: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. William George Cavendish 1,617 52.65 N/A
Conservative Charles John Baillie-Hamilton 1,454 47.35 N/A
Majority 163 5.31 N/A
Turnout 5,353 57.37 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
By-Election 8 March 1858: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1859: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. William George Cavendish Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Caledon Du Pré Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1860-80s[edit]

By-Election 29 December 1863: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Bateson Harvey 2,311 88.07 N/A
Liberal Dr John Lee 313 11.93 N/A
Majority 1,998 76.14 N/A
Turnout 5,836 44.96 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
General Election 1865: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Caledon Du Pré Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Robert Bateson Harvey Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 13 July 1866: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 19 November 1868: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Caledon Du Pré Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Nathaniel Grace Lambert Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 14 February 1874: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli 2,999 38.59 N/A
Conservative Sir Robert Bateson Harvey, Bt 2,902 37.34 N/A
Liberal Nathaniel Grace Lambert 1,720 22.13 N/A
Conservative W. Talley 151 1.94 N/A
Turnout 7,368 52.74 N/A
By-Election 17 March 1874: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
By-Election 22 September 1876: Buckinghamshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle 2,725 51.77 N/A
Liberal Hon. Rupert Carington 2,539 48.23 N/A
Majority 186 3.53 N/A
Turnout 7,273 72.38 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 10 April 1880: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Bateson Harvey, Bt 2,956 31.68 +31.68
Liberal Hon. Rupert Carington 2,790 29.90 -18.33
Conservative Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle 2,790 29.90 -21.87
Conservative Frederick Charsley 796 8.53 +8.53
Turnout 8,114 57.51 -14.87
  • Constituency divided in the 1885 redistribution

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The History and Antiquities of Buckinghamshire, Vol. 1, by George Lipscomb (1847)
  • The House of Commons 1754-1790, by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
  • Political Change and Continuity 1760-1885: A Buckinghamshire Study, by Richard W. Davis (David & Charles 1972)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Tiverton in 1865
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
February 27, 1868 – December 1, 1868
Succeeded by
Greenwich
Preceded by
Greenwich
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1874–1876
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Midlothian in 1880