Buckland River (Victoria)
The Buckland River is a river in north eastern Victoria, Australia. With its source in the Victorian Alps, it reaches a confluence with the Ovens River immediately downstream from the small town of Porepunkah.
During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s the Buckland Valley was home to several thousand Chinese miners. On 4 July 1857, following a meeting at a Buckland Valley public house, approximately 100 European miners violently expelled most Chinese miners from the area in an event referred to as the Buckland Riot.
The Buckland River was rich in alluvial gold and was dredged extensively in the 19th century. Tributaries also yielded rich results.
In April 1897 crushing machinery was placed on the ground at Fairleys Creek with £30,000 working capital from London-based investors. The 30 head battery was the largest set up on any of the Upper Ovens goldfields. In November 1898 it was reported that crushing had been carried out continuously ... the stone was of a low yield but reported to be paying handsomely.
The Buckland River frequently floods. The Bureau of Meteorology has established automated river height monitoring at Upper Buckland and Harris Lane.
Rainfall can be expected to increase from around 1100mm to 1640mm due to the influence of elevation and topography. During the winter months most of the catchment with elevations above 1500m receives its precipitation as snow, and in a normal winter, snow accumulates from June until September.
A flash flood in the Buckland River following the bushfires in the summer of 2003 resulted in a major fish kill in the Ovens River and threatened town and rural water supplies.
The Buckland River rises in the Barry Mountains and flows north until it joins the Ovens immediately downstream of Porepunkah. The catchment area to the off-take weir at the Buckland Bridge is approximately 322 km2. It is about 13km wide by 31km long, with the longer axis lying approximately north-south.
The whole catchment is within the Alpine Shire and the Parishes of Buckland, Coolungubra, Harrietville, Maharatta, Morockdong, Panbullu and Towamba of the County of Delatite. The catchment was proclaimed by the Governor of Victoria, Sir Henry Winneke, on 20 June 1979.
The catchment lies on the northern slopes of the Great Divide, and ranges in elevation from 350m at the off-take to 1703m at The Twins. Most of the catchment is steep to very steep being the foothills of the Victorian Alps.
There is an overall similarity of hill slopes in an area of physiographically massive rocks. Along the Buckland River rolling to hilly valley slopes prevail with narrow terraces and a narrow flood plain present in the lower reaches.
Along the middle reaches of the Buckland River there are alluvial and colluvial deposits of Pleistocene age consisting of clay, silt, sand, gravel and conglomerate. Recent deposits of alluvium with a similar composition extend along the river channel for about 2.5km upstream of the Buckland Bridge.
- Myra Willard (1967). History of the White Australia policy to 1920. Routledge. pp. 24–26. ISBN 978-0-7146-1036-8. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "Buckland River, VIC". eGold: Electronic encyclopedia of gold in Australia. University of Melbourne. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- The Buckland Valley Goldfield by Diann Talbot ISBN 0-9757170-0-6
- The Impacts of Bushfires Following a Flash Flood Event in the Catchment of the Ovens River
- Victoria Government Gazette, 20 June 1979
- A Report on the Buckland River Catchment by A. Arch and R. McLennan 1978
- "Ranger histories: Alice Manfield". Official website. Parks Victoria. 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2011.