Bucklebury

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Bucklebury
St Mary's, Bucklebury - geograph.org.uk - 504227.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Bucklebury is located in Berkshire
Bucklebury
Bucklebury
 Bucklebury shown within Berkshire
Area  21.82 km2 (8.42 sq mi)
Population 2,116 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  97/km2 (250/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU5570
Civil parish Bucklebury
Unitary authority West Berkshire
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Reading
Postcode district RG7
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Newbury
Website The Bucklebury Wikispace
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Coordinates: 51°26′02″N 1°12′25″W / 51.434°N 1.207°W / 51.434; -1.207

Bucklebury is a village and civil parish in West Berkshire, England. The village is about 5 miles (8 km) north-east of Newbury and ranges between 1 and 3 miles north of the A4 road. It has a population of 2,066. Bucklebury Common is just over 1 square kilometre (0.39 sq mi) and is one of the major village commons in the ceremonial and historic county of Berkshire.

Geography[edit]

Hillfoot Farm
New Barn Farm, Pig Farm

The parish of Bucklebury has three main parts. The original village is on the banks of the River Pang close to its three sources in the parish. Directly south of Bucklebury village, and on higher ground, is Bucklebury Common, which is 826 acres (334 ha) 3.3 square kilometres (1.3 sq mi) of open grazing on managed heather and woodland. The common is, under the Inclosure Acts, open to villagers only as commoners and privately owned. At the eastern boundary of the common is Chapel Row, incorporating local landmarks such as the Blade Bone public house, a butcher's shop with the same name, a General Practitioner's practice and a tea shop.

The village of Upper Bucklebury became the parish's largest residential area in the late 20th century. This is on a hill about a 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-west of 'Bucklebury village' at the western tip of the common. Upper Bucklebury has a general store, a public house, the modern style Church of England church (to All Saints), and a Church of England primary school.

The hamlet of Marlston is also in the parish which is mostly fields, with a large minority of woodland.

Demography[edit]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens Usual residents km²
Civil parish 354 286 114 60 10 0.223 0.071 1.090 2116 21.82

History[edit]

Bucklebury was a royal manor owned by Edward the Confessor (reigned 1042–66).[2] The village and parish church are recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2] Henry I (reigned 1100–35) granted Bucklebury to the Cluniac Reading Abbey, which retained it until it surrendered all its lands to the Crown in the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1540.[2]

The place-name 'Bucklebury' is first attested in the Domesday Book, as 'Borgeldeberie', which means 'Burghild's fortified place or borough' ('Burghild' is a woman's name).[3]

Bucklebury has a number of country homes and estates with listed building status, including Bucklebury Manor, a Georgian mansion on Pease Hill which contains within its interior an early C17 ashlar fireplace that is carved with panelled pilasters that support a rich cornice. There is also an over mantel with shallow carved decoration, and a moulded flat arch with Delft type glazed tiles behind.[4]

Wooden bowl making was "still carried on" in 1923 on or next to Bucklebury Common using its wood.[5]

In the Second World War much of Bucklebury Common was cleared for the stationing of troops. Some of the concrete paths laid down still remain and are now used as bridleways.

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin is of consistent style to have been that built in the second half of the 11th century.[2] The ornate south doorway is late Norman[6] and was added in about 1170.[2] A north transept was added to the nave at the end of the 12th or beginning of the 13th century.[2] Late in the 13th century a second arch was added to turn the transept into a two-bay north aisle.[2] One of the windows in the south wall of the nave was added in the 14th century.[2]

In the 15th century the nave and north aisle were lengthened westwards by the addition of a third bay, and new east and two new north windows were inserted in the north aisle.[2] In the second half of the 15th century the Perpendicular Gothic[7] bell tower was added.[2] The chancel was rebuilt in 1591 and the porch was added in 1603.[2] The chancel was partly rebuilt again in 1705 and the porch has also been rebuilt.[2] A vestry has also been added.[2] The whole structure is nationally listed for heritage/architecture in the highest category, Grade I.[8]

The Rectory has an early 18th-century facade.[7] In 1966 the garden included two sculptures by Henry Moore: Draped Reclining Woman 1957–58 and Reclining Figure (1961–62).[7]

Ministry and worship[edit]

The ecclesiastical parish has very similar boundaries to the civil (secular) parish and gives its name to a benefice of three churches, which reaches into two parishes to the east to provide six churches each with their own style of worship and architecture. A late December carol service and separate Christmas Eve and Christmas Day communions are held.[9] 2bsd is the collective name for the churches of Bucklebury, Bradfield and Stanford Dingley. The parishes of Bucklebury with Marlston, Bradfield and Stanford Dingley are a group of rural parishes with six very different church buildings, each with its own congregation and distinct styles of worship.[10]

In literature[edit]

In Tolkien's legendarium 'Bucklebury Ferry' is run by Buckland Hobbits to Bucklebury, their main town, across the Brandywine river.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Page & Ditchfield 1923, pp. 291–296.
  3. ^ Ekwall 1940, p. 69.
  4. ^ British Listed Buildings. "Bucklebury Manor (on Pease Hill)". BritishListedBuildings.co.uk. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ P.H. Ditchfield and William Page (eds) (1923). "Parishes: Bucklebury". A History of the County of Berkshire: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  6. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 106.
  7. ^ a b c Pevsner 1966, p. 107.
  8. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1212695)". National Heritage List for England.  St Mary's Church - Grade I listing
  9. ^ Parish (and benefice) of Bucklebury Church of England. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
  10. ^ Clerical cooperation between Bucklebury with Marlston, Bradfield and Stanford Dingley (2BSD) Church of England. Retrieved 2014-12-05
  11. ^ Biographical note by Still's wife. Retrieved 4 April 2014

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]