Budapest Honvéd FC

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This article is about the football team. For other uses, see Honvéd.
Honvéd
Budapest Honved FC logo.png
Full name Budapest Honvéd Football Club
Founded 3 August 1909; 104 years ago (1909-08-03)
Ground Bozsik Stadion, Budapest
Ground Capacity 10,000
Chairman George Hemingway
Manager Pietro Vierchowod
League NB I
2013–14 9th
Current season

Budapest Honvéd FC (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbudɒpɛʃt ˈhonveːd ɛf tseː] is a Hungarian sports club from Budapest best known for its football team. Honved means the Homeland Defence. Originally formed as Kispest AC, they became Kispest FC in 1926 before reverting to their original name in 1944. The team enjoyed a golden age during the 1950s when it was renamed Budapest Honvéd SE and became the Hungarian Army team. The club's top players from this era, Ferenc Puskás, Sándor Kocsis, József Bozsik and Zoltán Czibor, formed the nucleus of the legendary Hungarian team known as the Mighty Magyars and helped the club win the Hungarian League four times during the 1950s. During the 1980s and early 1990s the club enjoyed another successful period, winning a further eight Hungarian League titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989. In 1991 the club was renamed Kispest Honvéd FC and adopted its current name in 2003.

When the club was originally formed in 1909 it also organised teams that competed in fencing, cycling, gymnastics, wrestling, athletics, boxing and tennis. Later the Honvéd family was extended to include a water polo team, now known as Groupama Honvéd, a 33-times basketball-champion team and a handball team that were European Champions in 1982.

History[edit]

Kispesti AC[edit]

The club was founded on 10 August 1908 as Kispesti Atlétikai Club – Athletic Club of Kispest by Dr. Bálint Varga, a teacher. However the club's earliest members could not agree on a club constitution until 3 August 1909 and this is generally recognised as the club's foundation date. When the club was originally formed, Kispest was still a village, distinct from the city of Budapest. During the first three decades of its existence, the club was little more than a village team and enjoyed only moderate success, winning a single Hungarian Cup in 1926. During the 1930s the team included Rezső Rozgonyi and Rezső Somlai who both represented Hungary at the 1934 World Cup and Ferenc Puskás I, the father of Ferenc Puskás, and later a coach at the club during the 1940s.

Budapesti Honvéd SE[edit]

In 1943 both Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik made their debut for Kispest FC and between 1947 and 1948 the club was coached by the legendary Hungarian coach Béla Guttman. However the club's golden age really began in 1949 when it was taken over by the Hungarian Ministry of Defence and it became the Hungarian Army team. The man behind the take-over was Gusztáv Sebes, the coach of the national team. Sebes was inspired by the Austrian Wunderteam and the Italy team that won two World Cups in the 1930s. Both teams were predominantly drawn from one or at most two clubs and Sebes wanted a similar system in Hungary.

In January 1949 when Hungary became a communist state, the resulting nationalisation of football clubs gave Sebes the opportunity. The two biggest Hungarian clubs at the time were Ferencvárosi TC and MTK Hungária FC. However while the secret police, the ÁVH took over MTK, Ferencváros was considered unsuitable because of its right-wing and nationalist traditions. Sebes turned instead to Kispesti AC. The Kispest name was dropped as the village was absorbed into District XIX of Budapest and the club was renamed Budapesti Honvéd SE. The name derives from Honvédség, the name of the Hungarian Army, and the word honvéd, which literally means defender of the homeland is also used to refer to an army private.

The Mighty Magyars[edit]

Statue of Ferenc Puskás in Budapest inspired by a photograph taken in Madrid in which the legendary player was teaching an ad hoc course in keepie uppie to street children.
Ferenc Puskás scored 352 goals in 341 matches for Budapest Honvéd

The Kispest AC team already included Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik but army conscription now enabled Honvéd to recruit Sándor Kocsis, Zoltán Czibor and László Budai from Ferencváros, Gyula Lóránt from Vasas SC and the goalkeeper Gyula Grosics. Sebes was effectively able to use Honvéd as a training camp for the national team. During the early 1950s these Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars, helping Hungary become Olympic Champions in 1952, Central European Champions in 1953, defeat England twice and reach the 1954 World Cup final.

European Cup[edit]

Honvéd itself also benefited, winning the Hungarian League in 1949–50, 1950, 1952, 1954, and 1955. The club's reputation spread beyond Hungary and on 13 December 1954 they played Wolves, the reigning English League champions, in a prestige friendly. Honvéd were leading 2–0 at half-time, but eventually lost 3–2. They also played, and lost to, Red Star Belgrade (then 7th in the Yugoslav league). It was games like this that led to establishment of the European Cup in 1955.

In 1956 Honvéd qualified for the second European Cup competition and in the first round they were drawn against Athletic Bilbao. Honvéd lost the away leg 2–3, but before the home leg could be played, the Hungarian Revolution had collapsed back in Budapest and the Soviet Union had invaded. The players decided against going back to Hungary and arranged for the return game with Athletic to be played at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. However early in the game the Honvéd goalkeeper was injured and, with no substitutes permitted, Zoltán Czibor had to go into goal. Despite drawing 3–3 they went out 6–5 on aggregate.

Honvéd World Tour[edit]

Elimination from the European Cup left Honvéd in limbo. The players, declining to return to Hungary, summoned their families from Budapest and, despite opposition from FIFA and the then Soviet-controlled Hungarian Football Federation, Béla Guttmann organised a fundraising tour of Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Among the most notable matches were a 5–5 draw with a Madrid XI and a 4–3 win over CF Barcelona. Honvéd declined a Mexican offer of political asylum and an invitation to join their national league[1] and instead accepted an offer to play in a tournament in Brazil with CR Flamengo and Botafogo. By now FIFA had declared the team illegal and banned them from using the Honvéd name. After returning to Europe, the players parted ways. Some, including József Bozsik, László Budai, Gyula Lóránt and Gyula Grosics, returned to Hungary while others, including Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás, found new clubs in Western Europe. Czibor and Kocsis eventually signed for FC Barcelona while Puskás joined Real Madrid.

The Post-Revolution era[edit]

The defection of Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás severely weakened Honvéd and in 1957 they only avoided relegation after the Hungarian Football Federation decide to expand the first division. Despite the emergence of Lajos Tichy and Lajos Kocsis, the post-Revolution era was not kind to Honvéd. There only successes came in the Mitropa Cup in 1959, when they beat MTK Hungária FC in the final 6–5 on aggregate, and in 1964 when they won the Hungarian Cup.

The Second Golden Age[edit]

Lajos Détári became top-scorer three times

In 1980 with Lajos Tichy as coach and a squad that included Imre Garaba, Honvéd won their first Hungarian League title in twenty five years. During the 1980s and early 1990s players such as Kálmán Kovács, Lajos Détári, Béla Illés, Gábor Halmai and István Vincze helped Honvéd win another seven titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989 and won the Hungarian Cup and in 1996.

Kispest Honvéd FC[edit]

Ferencváros legend, Zoltán Varga managed Budapest Honvéd in 1997

In 1991 the club revived the Kispest name and became Kispest Honvéd FC. However the name change marked the beginning of a decline in the club's fortunes. In 2003 they were relegated, but they returned to the first division the following season. However, Kispest Honvéd Sports Circle Ltd, the company that owned the club, owed millions of Hungarian forints in taxes and in October 2004 went into liquidation. The company practised a policy that treated its players as self-employed contractors rather than employees and as result, significantly reduced the club's tax burden. However the tax authorities objected and were supported by the courts, leaving the club in arrears with no means of paying them. Rival directors argued over who owed how much tax and eventually the Hungarian League intervened. As a result a new club, Budapest Honvéd FC, was formed and allowed to take the place of Kispest Honvéd FC in the first division on the condition that the tax debt was paid off.

In August 2007 the fences in front of the stands were removed at the Bozsik Stadion[2] signalling a new dawn for Hungarian football. Also in 2007, Mihály Tóth returned from Fredrikstad FK and signed a three-year contract with the club.[3]

In the UEFA Cup 2007-08 season Honvéd faced with the Moldovan Nistru Otaci in the first round of the qualifiers.[4] In the first leg Honvéd drew 1–1 away, and at home the result was the same. In the penalty-shootout Honvéd won 5–4.[5] In the second round Honvéd played with the German Hamburger SV.[6] In the first leg Honvéd drew 0–0, while away in the Imtech Arena, in Hamburg they were beaten by 4–0.

In the Intertoto Cup 2008 Honvéd played with the Kazakh Zhetysu and won both legs. The final result was 2–1 away, while at home Honvéd won 4–2. In the second round Honvéd played with the Czech Teplice and won 3–1 away, while lost 2–0 at home. As a consequence, Honvéd won on away goals. In the third round the team played with the Austrian Sturm Graz. The first leg finished goalless in Graz, Austria. Both teams made a stand against racism and discrimination.[7] The second match was won by Sturm, therefore Honvéd was eliminated from the Intertoto Cup.

In the 2008-09 Magyar Kupa season Honvéd played in the final against Győri ETO FC. In the first leg Honvéd won 1–0 in Győr, while the second leg finished goalless which resulted the triumph of the team on 1–0 aggregate.[8] As a consequence the team could play in the Europa League.

In the 2009-10 Europa League season Honvéd entered the third round. Honvéd played with the Turkish Fenerbahce. The first match was won by Fenerbahce by 5–1,[9] while at home the result was 1–1.[10] The team was eliminated on 6–2 aggregate.

2010s[edit]

Although Honved finished fourth in the 2011–12 season of the Hungarian League, they could participate in the UEFA Europa League 2012–13 season because Győr were banned from any European competitions.[11] Honved faced with bronze medal winner of the Albanian First Division Flamurtari Vlorë in the first round of the Europa League. The first leg was won by Honved 1–0 away.[12] Honved won the second leg as well by beating the Albanian club by 2–0 at home.[13] In the second round they will face Russian Premier League club Anzhi Makhachkala which is full of star players such as Roberto Carlos or Samuel Eto'o. The first leg of the match was played near the Russian capital, Moscow in Ramenskoye in the stadium of FC Saturn Moscow since the UEFA did not approve to play the match in Dagestan. Anzhi won the match by 1–0.[14]

Honours[edit]

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 26 June, 2014.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2 Hungary DF Dávid Bobál
4 Serbia DF Aleksandar Ignjatović
5 Hungary DF Endre Botka
7 Hungary FW Richárd Vernes
8 Nigeria DF George Ikenne
9 Hungary FW Gergely Bobál
11 Somalia FW Ayub Daud
13 Italy DF Raffaele Alcibiade
15 Ivory Coast FW Kandia Traoré
17 Panama MF Aníbal Godoy
18 Hungary MF Attila Lőrinczy
19 Serbia MF Filip Holender
21 Italy MF Andrea Mancini
No. Position Player
23 Ivory Coast FW Abdul Kader Keïta
26 Hungary MF Patrik Hidi
29 Hungary MF Richárd Kozma
30 Hungary MF Bálint Vécsei
31 Hungary GK Márton Czuczi
32 Hungary DF Gyula Csemer
36 Hungary DF Botond Baráth
41 Cameroon MF Thomas Job
71 Hungary GK Szabolcs Kemenes
77 Hungary MF Gergő Nagy
92 Panama DF Anibal Mello
99 Guinea FW Souleymane Youla

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
16 Hungary FW Krisztián Nagy (at Kazincbarcikai SC)

Retired numbers[edit]

10Hungary Ferenc Puskás, Forward (1939–56). Number retired in July 2000.

Notable former players[edit]

Had senior international cap(s) for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Budapest Honvéd FC.

For a list of all former and current Budapest Honvéd FC players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:Budapest Honvéd FC footballers .

European cup history[edit]

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1956–57 European Cup 1. Round Spain Athletic Bilbao 3–3 2–3 5–6
1964–65 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Switzerland Lausanne Sports 1–0 0–2 1–2
1965–66 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Finland Reipas Lahti 6–0 10–2 16–2
2. Round Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague 1–2 3–2 4–4(a)
Quarter-finals England Liverpool FC 0–0 0–2 0–2
1970–71 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Scotland Aberdeen FC 1–3 3–1 4–4(aet)
2. Round England Manchester City 0–1 0–2 0–3
1972–73 UEFA Cup 1. Round Scotland Partick Thistle FC 1–0 3–0 4–0
2. Round Bulgaria PFC Beroe Stara Zagora 1–0 0–3 1–3
1973–74 UEFA Cup 1. Round Czechoslovakia FC Košice 5–2 0–1 5–3
2. Round Bulgaria PFC Lokomotiv Plovdiv 3–2 4–3 7–5
3. Round Poland Ruch Chorzów 2–0 0–5 2–5
1975–76 UEFA Cup 1. Round Czechoslovakia FC Bohemians Praha 1–1 2–1 3–2
2. Round East Germany Dynamo Dresden 2–2 0–1 2–3
1976–77 UEFA Cup 1. Round Italy Internazionale FC 1–1 1–0 2–1
2. Round Soviet Union FC Shakhtar Donetsk 2–3 0–3 2–6
1978–79 UEFA Cup 1. Round Turkey Adanaspor 6–0 2–2 8–2
2. Round Romania FC Politehnica Timişoara 4–0 0–2 4–2
3. Round Netherlands Ajax Amsterdam 4–1 0–2 4–3
Quarter-finals West Germany MSV Duisburg 2–3 2–1 4–4(a)
1980–81 European Cup Preliminary Round Malta Valletta FC 8–0 3–0 11–0
1. Round Portugal Sporting CP 1–0 2–0 3–0
2. Round Spain Real Madrid CF 0–2 0–1 0–3
1983 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Sloboda Tuzla 2–2 0–1
Group 5 Czechoslovakia FK Inter Bratislava 3–1 1–1
Group 5 Austria FC Tirol Innsbruck 3–1 1–2
1983–84 UEFA Cup 1. Round Greece Larisa FC 3–0 0–2 3–2(aet)
2. Round Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hajduk Split 3–2 0–3 3–5
1984–85 European Cup 1. Round Switzerland Grasshopper FC 2–1 1–3 3–4
1985–86 European Cup 1. Round Republic of Ireland Shamrock Rovers 2–0 3–1 5–1
2. Round Romania FC Steaua Bucureşti 1–0 1–4 2–4
1986–87 European Cup 1. Round Denmark Brøndby IF 2–2 1–4 3–6
1987–88 UEFA Cup 1. Round Belgium KSC Lokeren 1–0 0–0 1–0
2. Round Portugal Desportivo de Chaves 3–1 2–1 5–2
3. Round Greece Panathinaikos 5–2 1–5 6–7
1988–89 European Cup 1. Round Scotland Celtic 1–0 0–4 1–4
1989–90 European Cup 1. Round Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Vojvodina 1–0 1–2 2–2(a)
2. Round Portugal S.L. Benfica 0–2 0–7 0–9
1991–92 European Cup 1. Round Republic of Ireland Dundalk FC 1–1 2–0 3–1
2. Round Italy UC Sampdoria 2–1 1–3 3–4
1993–94 UEFA Champions League 1. Round England Manchester United 2–3 1–2 3–5
1994–95 UEFA Cup Preliminary Round Moldova Zimbru Chisinau 4–1 1–0 5–1
1. Round Netherlands FC Twente 1–3 4–1 5–4
2. Round Germany Bayer Leverkusen 0–2 0–5 0–7
1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualyfing Round Republic of Macedonia FK Sloga Jugomagnat 1–0 1–0 2–0
1. Round France Nimes Olympique 1–2 1–3 2–5
2002 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1. Round Lithuania FK Žalgiris Vilnius 0–1 0–0 0–1
2004–05 UEFA Cup 1. Qualifying Round Armenia FC MIKA 1–1 1–0 2–1
2. Qualifying Round Poland Amica Wronki 1–0 0–1 1–1(p)
2007–08 UEFA Cup 1. Qualifying Round Moldova FC Nistru Otaci 1–1 1–1 2–2(p5–4)
2. Qualifying Round Germany Hamburger SV 0–0 0–4 0–4
2008 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1. Round Kazakhstan FC Zhetysu 4–2 2–1 6–3
2. Round Czech Republic FK Teplice 0–2 3–1 3–3(a)
3. Round Austria SK Sturm Graz 1–2 0–0 1–2
2009–10 UEFA Europa League 3. Qualifying Round Turkey Fenerbahçe SK 1–1 1–5 2–6
2012–13 UEFA Europa League 1. Qualifying Round Albania Flamurtari Vlorë 2–0 1–0 3–0
2. Qualifying Round Russia Anzhi Makhachkala 0–4 0–1 0–5
2013–14 UEFA Europa League 1. Qualifying Round Montenegro FK Čelik Nikšić 9–0 4–1 13–1
2. Qualifying Round Serbia Vojvodina 1–3 0–2 1–5

Managerial history[edit]

[15]

 
Years Name Nationality
1935–37 Béla Stalmach Hungary
1937–42 Ferenc Puskás I Hungary
1942–43 Pál Titkos Hungary
1944 István Szokodi Hungary
1945–47 Ferenc Puskás I Hungary
1947–48 Béla Guttmann Hungary
1948–51 Ferenc Puskás I Hungary
1952–56 Jenő Kalmár Hungary
1957 Gábor Kiss Hungary
1957–60 Károly Sós Hungary
1960–62 György Babolcsay Hungary
July 1, 1962–June 30, 1963 Gyula Lóránt Hungary
1963 Nándor Bányai Hungary
1963–66 Mihály Kispéter Hungary
1966–67 József Bozsik Hungary
1967 György Babolcsay Hungary
1968–71 Kálmán Preiner Hungary
1971 György Babolcsay Hungary
1971–73 József Mészáros Hungary
1973–74 Lajos Faragó Hungary
1974–76 Károly Lakat Hungary
 
Years Name Nationality
July 1, 1976–June 30, 1982 Lajos Tichy Hungary
July 1, 1982–June 30, 1986 Imre Komora Hungary
July 1, 1986–Dec 31, 1986 István Vági Hungary
1987 Imre Komora Hungary
1987–88 Bertalan Bicskei Hungary
1989 József Both Hungary
1990 Sándor Haász Hungary
July 1, 1990–June 30, 1992 György Mezey Hungary
1992 József Verebes Hungary
1992 Lajos Szurgent Hungary
1992–June 30, 1994 Martti Kuusela Finland
Jul 1, 1994–94 Dimitri Davidović Belgium
1995 Mihály Kozma Hungary
1995–96 Péter Török Hungary
1996–97 Bertalan Bicskei Hungary
1997 Zoltán Varga Hungary
July 1, 1997–June 30, 1998 Imre Komora Hungary
July 1, 1998–June 30, 1999 György Gálhidi Hungary
1999 Imre Komora Hungary
1999–00 Soós Reszeli Hungary
2000–01 Barnabás Tornyi Hungary
 
Years Name Nationality
2001 Lajos Szurgent Hungary
Sept 10, 2001–Dec 15, 2001 Róbert Glázer Hungary
Jan 1, 2002–June 30, 2002 Lajos Détári Hungary
2002 József Fitos Hungary
Aug 27, 2002–Nov 8, 2002 Ioan Pătrașcu Romania
Nov 8, 2002–Jan 6, 2003 Lajos Szurgent Hungary
2003 Tibor Őze Hungary
April 13, 2003–June 30, 2003 József Duró Hungary
July 1, 2003–Aug 17, 2004 György Gálhidi Hungary
Aug 18, 2004–Dec 29, 2004 György Bognár Hungary
Jan 6, 2005–April 14, 2005 Lajos Szurgent Hungary
April 14, 2005–June 22, 2005 Károly Gergely Hungary
July 1, 2005–Oct 19, 2006 Aldo Dolcetti Italy
July 1, 2006–May 20, 2008 Attila Supka Hungary
2008–09 Gábor Pölöskei Hungary
Feb 25, 2009–Oct 23, 2009 Tibor Sisa Hungary
Oct 28, 2009–Nov 13, 2010 Massimo Morales Italy
Nov 17, 2010–Dec 31, 2010 László Szalai (interim) Hungary
Jan 1, 2011–May 30, 2012 Attila Supka Hungary
June 1, 2012–April 28, 2014 Marco Rossi Italy

Trivia[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Behind The Curtain – Travels in Eastern European Football: Jonathan Wilson (2006)[16]
  • 50 Years of the European Cup and Champions League: Keir Radnedge (2005)[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "As grandes partidas do foot-ball internacional", Jornal do Brasil, January 19, 1957, page 11, available at [1]
  2. ^ "Honvéd tear down the barricades". UEFA. 2 August 2007. 
  3. ^ "Honvéd tempt Tóth home". UEFA. 27 July 2007. 
  4. ^ "Honvéd hoping for happy return". UEFA. 29 June 2007. 
  5. ^ "Honvéd and Belchatov hang on". UEFA. 3 August 2007. 
  6. ^ "Hamburg face Honvéd tie". UEFA. 3 August 2007. 
  7. ^ "Sturm and Honvéd make a stand". UEFA. 21 July 2008. 
  8. ^ "Honvéd claim Hungarian Cup surprise". UEFA. 26 May 2009. 
  9. ^ "Fenerbahce 5–1 Budapest Honved". UEFA. 30 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Budapest Honved 1–1 Fenerbahce". UEFA. 6 August 2009. 
  11. ^ "Györ suspended and fined, MLSZ fined". UEFA.com. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Flamurtari 0–1 Budapest Honved". UEFA.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "Budapest Honved 2–0 Flamurtari". UEFA.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Anzhi Makhachkala 1–0 Budapest Honved". UEFA.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  15. ^ "List of Budapest Honvéd managers". Honvedfc.hu. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  16. ^ "Behind the Curtain: Travels in Football in Eastern Europe: Amazon.co.uk: Jonathan Wilson: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  17. ^ "50 Years of the European Cup and Champions League: Amazon.co.uk: Keir Radnedge: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 

External links[edit]