Budapest metropolitan area

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Budapest Metropolitan Area
Metropolitan area
Country Hungary
Region Central Hungary
County Budapest, Pest County
Functional 1971/2005
Area
 • Total 2,538 km2 (980 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 2,551,247Increase
 • Density 1,005.2/km2 (2,603/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Budapest Commuter Area
Commuter area
Country Hungary
Functional 2005
Area
 • Total 7,626 km2 (2,944 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 3,274,284Increase
 • Density 428.9/km2 (1,111/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website http://www.bksz.hu/index.php

The Budapest Metropolitan Area (Hungarian: Budapesti agglomeráció) is a metropolitan area in Central Hungary. It consists of Budapest capital and the surrounding suburbs. It has a population of 2.525 million (2010). The real periphery of Budapest, named Budapest Commuter Area (established by the government[1] in 2005[2]) encompasses 193 settlements around the city, most of them are in Pest County while some are Budapest-surrounding cities generating huge commuter traffic with the capital. The total size of the area is 7,626 km2 (2,944 sq mi) with about 3.3 million inhabitants (one-third of Hungary's total population). Budapest itself stretches over 525 km2 (203 sq mi) and has a population c. 1.72 million.

Sectors[edit]

[3]

Sector name Population Area Population density
Budapest 1,733,685 (2011) 525.16 km² 3,301.3/km²
Northwestern Sector 129,498 (2007) 471.88 km² 274.4/km²
Western Sector 87,089 (2007) 303.56 km² 286.9/km²
Southern Sector 198,955 (2007) 366.17 km² 543.3/km²
Southeastern Sector 99,044 (2007) 317.28 km² 312.2/km²
Eastern Sector 120,633 (2007) 315.84 km² 382/km²
Northern Sector 119,621 (2007) 238.23 km² 502.1/km²

Traffic[edit]

There are 4 subway lines, 36 tram lines, 18 suburban railway lines (operated by MÁV-Hungarian State Railways and BKV-Public Transport Company of Budapest also) and 601 bus lines in the metropolitan area (2006).

Settlements of the Budapest metropolitan area[edit]

[4]

Historical population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1870 418,490 —    
1880 530,556 +26.8%
1890 703,004 +32.5%
1900 1,027,626 +46.2%
1910 1,315,183 +28.0%
1920 1,459,449 +11.0%
1930 1,712,596 +17.3%
1941 2,025,402 +18.3%
1949 1,897,882 −6.3%
1960 2,184,255 +15.1%
1970 2,480,325 +13.6%
1980 2,626,702 +5.9%
1990 2,579,440 −1.8%
2001 2,454,150 −4.9%
2005 2,421,831 −1.3%
2011 2,551,247 +5.3%

References, notes[edit]

Budapest Transport Association (publication), BKSZ Kht., Budapest, 2010