Budaun

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Budaun
बदायूँ
بدایوں
Urban Area
Budaun is located in Uttar Pradesh
Budaun
Budaun
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
Region Rohilkhand
Division Bareilly
District Budaun
Settled 905 AD (Modern City)
Government
 • Body Budaun Municipal Corporation
 • Chairman Om prakash Mathuria
 • MP Dharmendra Yadav
 • MLA Abid Raza(Budaun city)
Area
 • Total 84 km2 (32 sq mi)
Elevation 164 m (538 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 159,221
 • Rank 42
 • Density 5,489/km2 (14,220/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 24360X
Telephone code 0583
ISO 3166 code IN-UP-BD
Vehicle registration UP 24
Coastline 0 kilometres (0 mi)
Sex ratio 907 female/1000 male
Literacy 73.0%
Civic agency Budaun Development Authority
Governing body Government of UP
Government of India
Climate HS-TH (Köppen)
Precipitation 843 millimetres (33.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature 27.5 °C (81.5 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 39.8 °C (103.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 11.5 °C (52.7 °F)
Website http://www.badaun.nic.in/
Also known as 'City of Saints' or 'Madinat ul Awliya', famous for its Pedas, 'Mentha City' of India.

Budaun is the only city in Budaun district,[1] Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located near the Ganges river.[2] in the center of Western Uttar Pradesh. It is only 3 hours 50 mins and 226 km from New Delhi.[3] Budaun is a Yadav and Muslim dominated region. It was the most important post of Northern Frontier during Mughal reign. Budaun is a big market, historically famous and religiously important city. It is the heart of Rohilkhand.[4][5] Budaun is 229 km from New Delhi and it takes 3 hours 55 mins to reach there. [6] Yet not exactly a tourist destination still attracts thousands of people annually. Every year it is estimated that 1.5 lac to 2 lac people visit the city in which most people come to visit Ziyarats. Budaun is one of the fewest cities included in 3 of 4 tourist circuits of Uttar Pradesh. Budaun is famous among the Barelwi sectors of Muslims due to the presence of hundreds of martyrs (shaheed) and saints buried there. Budaun is in fact one of the oldest existing settlements of India, and has always been a place of interest for Indian rulers, as Iltutmish's period made Budaun the capital of its empire or Medieval India.

Etymology[edit]

Prof. Goti John referred this city was named Bedamooth in an ancient inscription based on stone scripts at the Lucknow Museum. Later this region was called Panchal. According to the lines on stone scripts there was a village Bhadaunlak near the city. The Muslim historian Roz Khan Lodhi said that at Ashoka The Great (?) built a Buddh Vihar and Quila; he named it BuddhMau. According to George Smith, Budaun was named after the Ahir prince Budh.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Budaun has an average elevation of 169 metres (554 feet). It has normal rainfall levels. Since Budaun was settled after demolishing a large fort, the city is irregularly elevated, with Sotha and Punjabi Mohalla at the top. The Civil Lines are is much plainer.

Budaun is the tropical region. Its average temperature is approximately 30 °C. There is widespread greenery. The climatic conditions are suitable for agriculture; the crops production from this area is larger.

Politics[edit]

Dharmendra Yadav is the MP of the Budaun Constituency and is the nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav. Budaun city comes under mainly Budaun lok sabha seat and partly in Aonla lok sabha seat. MLA of Budaun City is Mr. Abid Raza, also Serving As a Chairman of Uttar Pradesh Wakf Development Corporation[ .[9]

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of the 2011 census, Budaun City had a population of 159,221 (83,475 male 75,746 female = 1000/907), 19,613 (12.3%) of whom were aged 0–6. The adult literacy rate was 73.0 In education section, total literates in Budaun city are 101,914 of which 56,012 are males while 45,902 are females. Average literacy rate of Budaun city is 73.00 percent of which male and female literacy was 76.67 and 68.97 percentTotal children (0-6) in Budaun city are 19,613 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 10,420 boys while 9,193 are girls. The child forms 12.32% of total population of Budaun City.The sex ratio of Budaun city is 907 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 882 per 1000 boys.%.[10]

[11]

History[edit]

The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition wrote of Buduan:

A town and district of British India, in the Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. The town is near the left bank of the river Sot. Pop. (1901) 39,031. There are ruins of an immense fort and a very handsome mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, and built in 1223. The American Methodist mission maintains several girls schools, and there is a high school for boys. According to tradition, Budaun was founded about 905 AD, and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathor kings reigning at Budaun (called Vodamayuta). The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, was its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the great mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Sahaspur- Bilari.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Roadways[edit]

Budaun city acts as a junction for many national roads, which make the city one of the most important of the western UP. SH33 (Bharatpur-Mathura-Bareilly) and SH43 (Moradabad-Farrukhabad) pass through Budaun, It is also the terminal point of SH18 (to Meerut) and SH51 (to Delhi). Budaun Depot, with 118 buses is one of the most profitable depots of UPSRTC. Two new highways would be soon connected to Budaun city, first will connect Budaun to Etawah through Qadar Chowk, Etah and Mainpuri and the second one would connect Budaun to Shahjahanpur through Dataganj. After construction of these two roads in coming 2 years, Budaun will be an important road junction of the Western UP.

Buses are available 24x7 from Baduan to Delhi & vice-versa.

Railways[edit]

Budaun lies on the Mathura-Lalkuan railway line which is meter gauge yet till Kasganj. The work is under process to make it Broad gauge since 1996 when the Prime Minister of India Indra Kumar Gujraal laid stone for it by himself,Many deadlines are set for its completion, latest one was July 2014 but it is already exceeded, another rail line is proposed connecting Gajraula to Mainpuri through Budaun City, which would make Budaun a junction.

Intercity[edit]

Classical rickshaws serve the city for all the day. However, you may find autos on specified points run to a limited distance (10–20 kilometres (6.2–12.4 mi) generally). Main routes for auto rikshas and light vehicle are towards Dataganz, Aonla and Ujhani. Budaun is one of the less polluted cities of UP because of a lot use of AutoGas (LPG). In fact Budaun is one of the rare cities having AutoGas on petrol pumps. Many the vehicles of the city are LPG workable.

Infrastructure[edit]

Budaun has many restaurants and hotels, including three 3 star hotels -

  • Hotel LA with cocktail and Curries
  • Hotel Rajmahal with Lajawab restaurant
  • Hotel Regency

Supermarkets -

Budaun city has showrooms of many outfits and footwear brands like Denizen, Numero Uno[disambiguation needed], Duke etc.

Budaun city has almost every bank with many branches, they are as follows -

  • State Bank of India, 6 branches
  • Bank of Baroda, 5 branches
  • Punjab National Bank, 5 branches
  • Grameen Bank, 5 branches
  • Axis Bank
  • HDFC Bank
  • Indian Bank
  • Vijaya Bank
  • Orientel Bank of Commerce
  • HSBC Bank
  • Bank of India
  • Urban Coperative Bank
  • Allahabad Bank
  • Bank of Maharashtra
  • Badaun zila Sehkari Bank
  • Oriental Bank Of Commerce

Real estate sector[edit]

Real estate sector is boosting in Budaun city, with many fully developed colonies. Fully developed colonies of city are -

  • Shri Ram Nagar Colony Phase I, II, III, IV
  • Haribol Colony
  • Vijay Nagar Colony
  • Professors Colony
  • Krishna Nagar Colony
  • Shyam Nagar Colony

Multistories are also making their way in the city with Opulent Heights being the first.

Notable people[edit]

Historical and religious places[edit]

[citation needed]

  • Jama Masjid built by Iltutmish in 1223. This mosque is the third oldest mosque of the countryand second Largest
  • An immense Badaun fort (Nawab Ikhlas khan ka Makbaraa) in Jawaharpuri. It is known as Roza
  • Hazrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya's house in Syedwada where he was born.
  • Choti Ziyarat. It is the monument of Hazrat Badrauddin Rahmatullah Alhay.
  • Badi Ziyarat (It is a Dargah 'mazar sariff' of Wali of Allah, Hazrat Sultan Arfiin Rahamtullah)
  • Banno Buwa Ziyarat (It is a Dargah 'mazar sariff' of Maa Banno Bua)
  • The palace of ohia, built by the royal family of sahaspur bilari in 1812.
  • Remains of Sheikhupur Fort, Sheikhupur, Badaun
  • Mumtaz Mahal's sister's mausoleum, Sheikhupur, Badaun
  • Emperor Jahangir's foster son's mausoleum Sheikhupur, Badaun
  • Farshori tola
  • Ruins of many mughal monuments
  • Sarsota in Sahaswan
  • Kothiwal temple
  • Judge Saheb Ka Phatak, Farshori Tola, Budaun
  • Dargah Alia Qadriya, Budaun

Main roads[edit]

  • Fasih Uddin Road

nai sarai

  • Subhash Chowk
  • Shakeel Budayuni Road
  • Bade Sarkar Road
  • Chote sarkar road
  • Station Road
  • Kotwali Road
  • Kali Sadak
  • Ring Road (chakkar ki sadak)
  • Six Road
  • Gandhi Ground Road
  • Nawada Road
  • Bareilly Road
  • Choudhary Badan Singh Marg
  • BY-Pass Road
  • Nai Sarak
  • DM Road
  • Kakrala Road
  • Aonla Road
  • Dataganj Road
  • Usawan Road
  • Asrar Khan Road
  • Ticketganj Road
  • Water Works Road
  • Punjabi Mandir
  • V Mart Retail Ltd.
  • Aneja Bhawan
  • Lalpul-Court Road
  • Rahe Faiz Moh.Uperpara Budaun

Main localities[edit]

  • 32 civil lines
  • Avas Vikas
  • Bara Bazar
  • Brahmpur
  • Chitransh Nagar
  • Choudhary Sarai
  • Chuna Mandi
  • Civil Lines
  • Farshori Tola
  • Gaddi chowk fani road
  • Gautia (Sotha)
  • Hakim ganj
  • Rang Mandir Sahukara
  • Halwai Chowk
  • Indra Chauk
  • Jalandhari Saray
  • Jawaharpuri
  • Bhaseen Beej Bhundaar
  • Jogipura
  • Kabulpura
  • kalyan Nagar
  • Kamangran
  • Kazi Hauz colony
  • khajuri
  • prabhat nagar
  • Kheda Nawada
  • Krishna Park
  • Krishnapuri Civil Lines
  • Lochi Nagla
  • Madhai Chowk
  • Madhuban Colony
  • Maulvi ganj
  • Mira Saray
  • Mirdha Tola
  • Mohalla chawdhary saray
  • Mohalla Khandsari
  • Mohalla Sotha
  • Molvi Tola
  • Nagla
  • Nagran
  • Nahar khan sarai
  • Nai Saray
  • Nekpur
  • New Adarsh Colony
  • New Adarsh Nagar
  • Patiyali Sarai
  • Punjabi Colony
  • Punjabi Mohalla
  • Sahukara
  • Sayad Bada
  • Shahvilayat Nagar
  • Shahwazpur
  • Sheikh Patti
  • Sheikhpur
  • Shiv Puram
  • Shyam Nagar
  • Ticket Ganj
  • Upar Para
  • Vaido Tola
  • Vijay Nagar
  • Vivek Vihar Colony
  • Judge Saheb Ka Phatak,Farshori tola, Budaun

Educational institutes[edit]

  • Budaun Public School.
  • Islamiah Inter College.
  • Asim Siddique Memorial Degree College[13]
  • Kavyam Teresa English School
  • Badaun Institute of Management & Technology, Budaun
  • Christian Higher Secondary School
  • De Paul School
  • Draupadi Devi Swaraswati Vidya Mandir Inter-College
  • Florence Nightingale Higher Secondary School
  • Gindo Devi Mahila Maha Vidyalaya
  • Government Inter College(GIC)
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Budaun
  • Kasturba Gandhi vidyalaya
  • Kedarnath mahila College for girls
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Budaun
  • Maharisi Vidya Mandir
  • Mother Athena School
  • N.M.S.N.Das P.G.College
  • Naqvia Girls School (Self Finance)
  • Rajaram Mahila Inter College
  • S.K. Inter College
  • S.S.S.M.Public School Near Nagla Mandir
  • Vivekanand College
  • LCRS Navyuvak Inter College Budaun
  • Kunwar Rukum Singh Vedic Inter College
  • Vidhyavati vedic Kanya Uchatar Madhyamik Vidyalaya

Agriculture[edit]

Major agricultural products are wheat, paddy, sugarcane, guava and menthol. Budaun is the largest producer of wheat in UP, II largest of sugarcane and potatoes. It is the leading producer of menthol in the country. The soil is very fertile due to tarai, because Budaun is on the bank of the Ganges; the Ganges flows 110 km in the district. In the account of agriculture, guava and menthol are the major exporting products. Budaun gives 40% of total mentol export of India.

Industries[edit]

Budaun City has many small scale industries and a few

  • Shakun Traders Rang Mandir Sahukara (FMCG DISTRIBUTORS)
  • Sugar mill at shekupur
  • Rice Mills
  • Many Brick Kilns
  • Beedi factories at Naushera
  • Menthol Producing Plants On outer SH4
  • Many automobiles parts are manufactured in Budaun.

Distances on direct roads[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]