|Location||15, in various countries|
The Buddha-Bar is a bar, restaurant, and hotel franchise created by restaurateur Raymond Visan and DJ and interior designer Claude Challe, with its original location having opened in Paris, France in 1996. The Buddha Bar "soon became a reference among foreign yuppies and wealthy tourists visiting the city", and "has spawned numerous imitators", becoming popular in part because of the DJ's choice of eclectic, avant-garde music. It became known internationally for issuing the Buddha Bar compilation albums, which are popular compilations of lounge, chill-out music and world music, also under the Buddha Bar brand, released by George V Records. Buddha Bar "has made a name for itself with its Zen lounge music CDs and remains a hit – especially with tourists". Locations have since been opened in a number of other countries, although not without controversy arising from the theme.
The original restaurant is a Buddha-themed "upscale bar-restaurant with an orientalist 'lounge' ambience" serving Asian cuisine, with a two-story dining area dominated by a large statue of Buddha, and an upstairs bar in the form of a large, ornate dragon. The theme was inspired by the discovery of the space to be used, an antique basement archive with a mezzanine, "which suggested to the architects the idea of an oriental temple and its Buddha".
Buddha Bar venues have been opened in various other locations, including Beirut, Budapest, Dubai, London, Manila, Moscow, and Mexico City. In June 2012, a Washington, D.C. location closed after two years of operations, having "struggled after a poor critical reception"; while a New York City location was forced to change its name.
Controversy with Buddhists
The use of the Buddha as a popular icon has been noted to be offensive to some conservative Buddhists. In 2010, Buddhists in Jakarta protested the operating of a Buddha Bar in that city, asserting that "the use of their religious symbols in a venue serving alcohol was an affront to their religion". The Jakarta location was co-owned by the daughter of Indonesian politician and former governor of the region Sutiyoso, and was closed by court order later that year. It has been noted that record stores in Dubai "black out the image of the Buddha" on Buddha Bar CDs to avoid idolatry, but that the owners of the Buddha Bar restaurant in Dubai were permitted to build a two story Buddha within their establishment.
- Anthony D'Andrea, Global Nomads: Techno and New Age as Transnational Countercultures in Ibiza and Goa (2007), p. 93.
- Bethan Ryder, Bar and Club Design ( 2006), p. 18.
- Stephen Fallon, Paris (2010), p. 294.
- Hugo Montanaro, "Buddha Bar", The Best of Bars & Restaurants (1998), p. 72-77.
- David Landry, "Buddha-Bar Hotel Budapest takes prestigious prize", Budapest Business Journal (December 9, 2013).
- Time Out Dubai (2009), p. 149.
- "Buddha Bar London- The Parisians are Coming". The Handbook. October 24, 2012.
- Missy Frederick, "D.C.'s Buddha Bar appears to have closed", Washington Business Journal (June 19, 2012).
- Damien Keown, Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction (2013), Chapter 6, isbn 0191640506.
- Sara Schonhardt, "Food Fridays: A Tasteful Journey Through Jakarta History", Southeast Asia Real Time (December 6, 2013).
- Lisa Siregar, "Kunstkring's Treasure Hunt to Redeem a Years-Old Wrong", Jakarta Globe (December 6, 2013).
- Neha Vora, Impossible Citizens: Dubai’s Indian Diaspora (2013), p. 46.
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