Buddhism by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Percentage of Buddhists by country, according to the Pew Research Center.

Buddhism in the world is practiced by an estimated 488 million,[1] 495 million,[2] or 535 million[3] people as of the 2010s, representing 7% to 8% of the world's total population.

China is the country with the largest population of Buddhists, approximately 244 million or 18.2% of its total population.[4] They are mostly followers of Chinese schools of Mahayana, making this the largest body of Buddhist traditions. Mahayana, also practiced in broader East Asia, is followed by over half of world Buddhists.[5]

The second largest body of Buddhist schools is Theravada, mostly followed in Southeast Asia.[6] The third and smallest body of schools, Vajrayana, is followed mostly in Tibet, Mongolia and parts of Russia,[7] but has been disseminated throughout the world.

According to a demographic analysis reported by Peter Harvey (2013):[3]

  • Eastern Buddhism (Mahayana) has 360 million adherents;
  • Southern Buddhism (Theravada) has 150 million adherents; and
  • Northern Buddhism (Vajrayana) has 18,2 million adherents.
  • Seven million additional Buddhists are found outside of Asia.

By country[edit]

Buddhism by Country
Country/Territory Population (July 2013)[8]  % Buddhist Buddhist total
Afghanistan Afghanistan 31,108,077 <0.1%[9] 6,282[10]
Algeria Algeria 38,087,812 <0.1%[9] 5,320 - 16,670[10]
 American Samoa 54,719 0.3%[9] - 0.7%[11] 164 - 383
Angola Angola 18,565,269 <0.1%[9] 1,632 - 1,794[10]
Argentina Argentina 42,610,981 0.1%[9][12] 42,611
 Armenia 2,974,184 <0.1%[9] 309[10]
 Aruba 109,153 0.1%[9] - 0.3%[13] 109 - 327
Australia Australia 22,262,501 2.5%[14] 556,563
Austria Austria 8,221,646 0.1%[15] - 0.2%[9] 8,222 - 16,444
 Bahamas 319,031 <0.1%[9] 82[10]
Bahrain Bahrain 1,281,332 0.2%[16] - 2.5%[9] 2,563 - 32,033
Bangladesh Bangladesh 163,654,860 0.5%[9] - 0.7%[17] 818,274 - 1,145,584
 Barbados 288,725 <0.1%[9] 50[18][19] - 109[10]
 Belarus 9,625,888 <0.1%[20] 1,151[10]
Belgium Belgium 10,444,268 0.3%[9][21] - 1%[22] 31,332 - 104,443
Belize Belize 334,297 0.5%[9][23] 1,671
 Bermuda 69,467 0.5%[9] - 0.7% [24] 347 - 486
Bhutan Bhutan 725,296 75%[9][25] - 84%[26] 543,972 - 609,249
 Bolivia 10,461,053 <0.1%[27][28] 7,383 - 8,872[10]
Botswana Botswana 2,127,825 <0.1%[29] 1,120 - 1,231[10]
Brazil Brazil 201,009,622 0.130%[30] - 0.5%[31] 261,313 - 1,005,048
Brunei Brunei 415,717 8.6%[9] - 13%[32] - 16.8%[33] 35,752 - 54,043 - 69,840
Bulgaria Bulgaria 6,981,642 unknown[34] unknown
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 17,812,961 unknown[35] unknown
Burma Burma (Myanmar) 55,167,330 80%[9] - 90%[36][37] 44,133,864 - 49,650,597
Cambodia Cambodia 15,205,539 93%[38] - 97%[9][39] 14,141,151 - 14,749,373
Cameroon Cameroon 20,549,221 <0.1%[40] 353 - 1,106[10]
Canada Canada 34,568,211 1.1%[41] - 3.5%[42] 380,250 - 1,209,887
Chad Chad 11,193,452 <0.1%[9] 1,684 - 5,277[10]
 Chile 17,216,945 0.1%[9][43][44] 17,217
China China 1,349,585,838 20%[9][45] - 50%[46][47] 269,917,168 - 674,792,919
 Christmas Island 1,513 36%[48] - 55%[49] - 75%[50] 545 - 832 - 1135
 Colombia 45,745,783 0.02%[51][52][53] 9,149
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 75,507,308 <0.1%[54] 3,734[10]
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 4,492,689 <0.1%[9] 283[10]
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,695,942 2.2%[55] 103,311
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire 22,400,835 <0.1%[56][57] 9,869[10]
Croatia Croatia 4,475,611 0.03%[9][58] 1,343
 Cuba 11,394,043 0.04%[59] - 0.3%[60] 4,558 - 27,614[10]
 Curaçao 146,836 0.5%[61] 734
 Cyprus 1,155,403 0.2%[9] - 0.6%[62] 2,311 - 6,932
Czech Republic Czech Republic 10,162,921 0.1%[9][63] - 0.3%[64][65] 10,163 – 30,489
Denmark Denmark 5,556,452 0.2%[9] - 0.5%[66][67] 11,113 - 27,782
 Dominica 73,286 0.1%[9][68] 73
 Dominican Republic 10,219,630 0.1%[9][69][70] 10,220
 East Timor 1,172,390 0.1%[71] - 0.4%[72] 1,172 - 4,690
 Ecuador 15,439,429 0.1%[9][73][74] - 0.2%[10] 15,439 - 30,878
Egypt Egypt 85,294,388 <0.1%[9] 1,687[10]
El Salvador El Salvador 6,108,590 0.1%[9][75][76] 6,108
 Estonia 1,266,375 0.1%[9][77][78] 1,266
Ethiopia Ethiopia 93,877,025 <0.1%[9] 1,327[10]
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 3,140 0.2%[9][79] 6
 Federated States of Micronesia 106,104 0.4%[9] - 0.7%[80] 424 - 743
 Fiji 896,758 0.2%[81][82] 1,794
Finland Finland 5,266,114 0.1%[9][83][84] 5,266
France France 65,951,611 1.2%[85][22][86] - 1.5%[87] 791,419 - 1,002,464
 French Guiana 239,450 3.6%[88] 8,620
 French Polynesia 277,293 0.5%[89][90] 20,922
Germany Germany 81,147,265 0.35% [91] - 1.1%[85] 284,015 - 892,620
Ghana Ghana 22,931,299 <0.1%[92][93][94][95] 488 - 1,195[10]
Greece Greece 10,772,967 0.1%[9][96][97] 5,339 10,773 - 15,517[10]
 Guam 160,378 1.1%[9] - 2.2%[98] - 3%[99] 1,764 – 3,528 – 4,811
Guatemala Guatemala 14,373,472 0.1%[100][101][102] 14,372
Guinea Guinea 11,176,026 <0.1%[103][104] 8,983[10]
 Guyana 739,903 0.5%[105][106] 3,700
 Haiti 9,893,934 <0.1%[9] 258[10]
Honduras Honduras 8,448,465 0.1%[9][107] 8,448
Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,182,724 15%[9][108] - 90%[109][110] 1,077,409 - 6,464,452
 Hungary 9,939,470 0.1%[9][111][112] 9,939
Iceland Iceland 315,281 0.2%[113] - 0.4%[9] 631 - 1,261
India India 1,220,800,359 0.8%[114] - 3%[85][115] 9,766,403 – 36,624,011
Indonesia Indonesia 251,160,124 0.72%[9][116] - 1.7%[117] 1,808,353 - 4,269,722
Iran Iran 79,853,900 <0.1%[9] 444 - 1,391[10]
Iraq Iraq 31,858,481 <0.1%[9] 285 - 893[10]
 Ireland 4,775,982 0.2%[9][118] 9,552
Israel Israel 7,707,042 0.3%[9][119][120] 23,121
Italy Italy 61,482,297 0.2%[9][121][122] 122,965
 Jamaica 2,909,714 0.1%[123][124] - 0.3%[125] 2,910 - 8,729
Japan Japan 127,253,075 36%[9][126] - 70%[127] - 96%[85][128] 45,811,107 - 89,077,153 - 122,162,952
Jordan Jordan 6,482,081 0.4%[9] 25,928
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 17,736,896 0.2%[9][129] 35,474
Kenya Kenya 44,037,656 <0.1%[9][130][131] 1,276 - 3,221[10]
North Korea North Korea 24,720,407 1.5%[9] - 4.5%[132] - 13.8%[133][134] 370,806 - 1,112,418 - 3,411,416
South Korea South Korea 48,955,203 23%[9][135] - 50%[136][137] 11,259,697 - 24,477,602
Kuwait Kuwait 2,695,316 2.8%[9] - 3.8%[138] 75,469 - 102,422
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 5,548,042 0.35%[139] - 0.5% [140] 19,418 - 27,740
Laos Laos 6,695,166 67%[9][141][142] 4,485,761
 Latvia 2,178,443 0.01%[9][143][144] 2,178
Lebanon Lebanon 4,131,583 0.1%[145] - 2.1%[146][147] 4,132 - 86,763
Lesotho Lesotho 1,936,181 unknown[148] unknown
Liberia Liberia 3,989,703 unknown[149] unknown
Libya Libya 6,002,347 0.3%[9][150] 20,209 - 21,982[10]
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 37,009 0.3%[151] 111
 Lithuania 3,515,858 <0.1%[9][152][153] 665[10]
 Luxembourg 514,862 unknown[154] unknown
Macau Macau 583,003 17%[9][155] - 50%[156] - 80%[157] 99,111 - 291,502 - 466,402
 Macedonia 2,087,171 unknown[158] unknown
Madagascar Madagascar 22,599,098 0.1%[159][160] 22,599
Malawi Malawi 16,777,547 unknown[161][162] unknown
Malaysia Malaysia 29,628,392 18%[9][163] - 21%[164] 5,333,111 - 6,221,962
Maldives Maldives 393,988 0.6%[9][165] 2,364
Mali Mali 15,968,882 unknown[166] unknown
 Malta 411,277 unknown[167][168] unknown
 Martinique 403,795 0.1%[9] 102 - 405[10]
Mauritius Mauritius 1,322,238 0.4% [169] - 1.5%[170] - 2%[171] 5,289 - 19,834 - 26,445
Mexico Mexico 116,220,947 0.016%[172][173] 18,595
Mongolia Mongolia 3,226,516 53%[174] - 72%[175] - 93%[176][177] 1,710,053 - 2,323,092 - 3,000,660
 Montenegro 653,474 unknown[178] unknown
Morocco Morocco 32,649,130 unknown[179] unknown
Mozambique Mozambique 24,096,669 <0.1%[9] 2,035 - 6,376[10]
Namibia Namibia 2,182,852 unknown[180] unknown
 Nauru 9,434 1.1%[9] - 8%[181] - 11.9%[182] 104 – 755 – 1,123
Nepal Nepal 30,430,267 9%[183] - 11%[9][184][185] 2,738,724 - 3,347,329
Netherlands Netherlands 16,805,037 0.1%[186] - 0.2%[9] - 1.2%[22][187] 17,000 - 33,610 – 201,660
 New Caledonia 264,022 0.6%[9][188] 1,584
 New Zealand 4,365,113 1.5%[9][189] - 2.5%[190] - 5%[191] 65,477 - 109,128 - 218,256
Nicaragua Nicaragua 5,788,531 0.1%[9][192] 5,789
Nigeria Nigeria 174,507,539 <0.1%[193][194] 8,458 - 13,133[10]
 Northern Mariana Islands 51,170 10.6%[9] - 15.6%[195] 5,424 - 7,983
Norway Norway 4,722,701 0.7%[9][196] - 1%[22] 33,059 - 47,227
Oman Oman 3,154,134 0.8%[9][197] 25,233
Pakistan Pakistan 193,238,868 <0.1%[198] 1,492[199] - 106,989 - 109,400[10]
 Palau 21,108 0.8%[9] - 1%[200] 169 - 211
State of Palestine Palestine 4,293,313 unknown[201] unknown
Panama Panama 3,559,408 0.5%[202] - 0.9%[203] - 2.1%[204] 17,797 - 32,035 - 74,748
 Papua New Guinea 6,431,902 0.2%[205] - 0.3%[206] 12,864 - 19,296
 Paraguay 6,623,252 0.2%[207][208] 13,257
 Peru 29,849,303 0.2%[9] - 0.3%[209][210] 59,699 - 89,548
Philippines Philippines 98,215,000[211] <0,1-2%[9][212][213] 1,964,300
Poland Poland 38,383,809 0.1%[9][214][215] 38,384
 Portugal 10,799,270 0.6%[9] - 0.8%[216] 64,796 - 86,394
 Puerto Rico 3,674,209 0.1%[217] - 0.3%[9] 3,674 - 11,023
Qatar Qatar 2,042,444 1.9%[218] - 3.1%[9] - 6%[219] 38,806 - 63,316 - 122,547
Réunion Réunion 839,500 0.2%[9][220] 1,679
 Romania 21,790,479 0.01%[221][222] 2,179
Russia Russia 142,500,482 0.7%[223] - 1.05%[224] - 1.4%[225] 1,000,000 – 1,500,000 – 2,000,000
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 26,939,583 0.3%[9][226] 70,000[227] - 80,819
Senegal Senegal 12,521,851 <0.1%[228][229] 1,679 - 2,057[10]
 Serbia 10,150,265 unknown[230][231] unknown
Seychelles Seychelles 90,846 0.1%[232][233] 91
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 5,612,685 unknown[234][235] unknown
Singapore Singapore 5,460,302 33%[236] - 44%[237] - 51%[238] 1,801,900 - 2,402,533 - 2,784,754
Slovakia Slovakia 5,488,339 0.1%[239][240] 5,488
Slovenia Slovenia 1,992,690 unknown[241] unknown
 Solomon Islands 597,248 0.3%[9][242] 1,792
South Africa South Africa 48,601,098 0.2%[9] - 0.3% - 0.4%[243] 97,202 - 159,220 - 194,809[10]
 Spain 47,370,542 0.1%[9][243] - 0.4% - 0.7% 47,370 - 200,000 - 300,000[244]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 21,675,648 70%[245][246] 15,172,954
Sudan Sudan 34,847,910 <0.1%[9] 982 - 3,076[10]
 Suriname 566,846 0.6%[9] - 0.9%[247] 3,401 – 5,102
Swaziland Swaziland 1,403,362 unknown[248] unknown
Sweden Sweden 9,119,423 0.4%[9][249] - 1%[22] 36,478 - 91,194
Switzerland Switzerland 7,996,026 0.3%[250] - 0.4%[9] - 1%[22] 23,988 - 31,984 - 79,960
Taiwan Taiwan 23,299,716 35%[251] – 80%[252] – 93%[253] 8,154,901 - 18,639,773 - 21,668,736
Tajikistan Tajikistan 7,910,041 <0.1%[254] 4,446[10]
Tanzania Tanzania 48,261,942 <0.1%[255] 10,157 - 33,856[10]
Thailand Thailand 67,448,120 93%[256] - 95%[257] 62,726,752 - 64,075,714
Togo Togo 7,154,237 unknown[258][259] unknown
 Tonga 106,322 0.1%[260] 106
Tunisia Tunisia 10,835,873 <0.1%[9] 79 - 247[10]
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,225,225 0.3%[9] - 0.7%[261] 3,676 - 8,577
Turkey Turkey 80,694,485 <0.1%[262] 35,416 - 48,148[10]
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 5,113,040 <0.1%[9] 712[10]
 Tuvalu 10,698 0.1%[263] 11
Uganda Uganda 34,758,809 <0.1%[264][265] 2,005 - 6,283[10]
Ukraine Ukraine 44,573,205 0.1%[9][266] 44,573
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 5,473,972 2%[9][267] - 4%[268] 109,479 - 218,959
United Kingdom United Kingdom 63,395,574 0.4%[9][269] - 1.2%[85][22] 253,582 - 760,747
United States United States 316,668,567 0.7%[270] - 1.3%[9][271] - 2%[272] 2,216,680 - 4,116,691 - 6,333,371
 Uruguay 3,324,460 0.1%[273][274] 3,324
United States Virgin Islands US Virgin Islands 104,737 unknown[275] unknown
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 28,661,637 0.1%[276] - 0.2%[277] - 0.3%[278] 28,662 – 57,323 – 85,985
 Vanuatu 261,565 0.2%[279] - 0.3%[280] 523 - 785
Venezuela Venezuela 28,459,085 0.1%[281] - 0.2%[282] 28,459 - 56,918
Vietnam Vietnam 92,477,857 10%[283] - 55%[284] - 75%[285] 9,247,786 - 46,238,929 - 69,358,393
Yemen Yemen 25,408,288 <0.1%[9] 131[10]
Zambia Zambia 14,222,233 <0.1%[286] 3,927 - 12,304[10]
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 13,182,908 <0.1%[287][288][289] 189 - 591[10]
TOTAL 7,095,217,980 7.13%[290] - 16.15% 506,079,682 - 1,146,042,210[85][291][292]

By region[edit]

Buddhism by region in 2010[293]
Region Estimated total population Estimated Buddhist population  %
Asia-Pacific 4,054,990,000 481,290,000 11.9%
North America 344,530,000 3,860,000 1.1%
Europe 742,550,000 1,330,000 0.2%
Middle East-North Africa 341,020,000 500,000 0.1%
Latin America-Caribbean 590,080,000 410,000 <0.1%
Total 6,895,890,000 487,540,000 7.1%

Ten countries with the largest Buddhist populations[edit]

Countries with the largest Buddhist populations as of 2010[294]
Country Estimated Buddhist population  % of the total population of the country  % of world Buddhist population
China 244,130,000 18.2% 50.1%
Thailand 64,420,000 93.2% 13.2%
Japan 45,820,000 36.2% 9.4%
Burma 38,410,000 80.1% 7.9%
Sri Lanka 14,450,000 69.3% 3%
Vietnam 14,380,000 16.4% 2.9%
Cambodia 13,690,000 96.9% 2.8%
South Korea 11,050,000 22.9% 2.3%
India 9,250,000 0.8% 1.9%
Malaysia 5,010,000 17.7% 1%
Subtotal for the ten countries 460,620,000 15.3% 94.5%
Subtotal for the rest of the world 26,920,000 0.7% 5.5%
World total 487,540,000 7.1% 100%

See also[edit]

Other religions:

General:

External links[edit]

  • The US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2010[295]
  • CIA FactBook[296]
  • adherents.com[297]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  2. ^ Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 34–37. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780521676748. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  5. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  6. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  7. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  8. ^ - CIA The World Factbook: Populations as of July 2013
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu "Global Religious Landscape - Religious Composition by Country". The Pew Forum. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Most Buddhist Nations (2010) | QuickLists | The Association of Religion Data Archives, Most Chinese Universist Nations (2010) | QuickLists | The Association of Religion Data Archives
  11. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - American Samoa (0.3% Buddhist + 0.4% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Argentina". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Aruba (0.1% Buddhist + 0.2% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Cultural Diversity In Australia". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  15. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Austria". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Bahrain". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "banbeis.gov.bd". banbeis.gov.bd. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  18. ^ Tara Buddhist Centre, Barbados
  19. ^ Nation News Barbados - Buddhist tradition
  20. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Belarus". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Belgium". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Eurobarometer Biotechnology report 2010 p.381
  23. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Belize". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Bermuda (0.5% Buddhist + 0.2% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "The World Factbook: Bhutan". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Bhutan". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  27. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Bolivia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  28. ^ SGI-Bolivia Holds General Meeting
  29. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Botswana". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "ibge.gov.br" (PDF). Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  31. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Brazil (0.3% Buddhist + 0.1% Chinese Folk Religion + 0.1% Shintoist)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  32. ^ "The World Factbook: Brunei". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  33. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Brunei (9.7% Buddhist + 5.2% Chinese Folk Religion + 1.9% Confucianist)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  34. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Bulgaria". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  35. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Burkina Faso". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  36. ^ "Crisis in Myanmar Over Buddhist-Muslim Clash". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  37. ^ "The World Factbook: Burma". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  38. ^ "Cambodia". State.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  39. ^ "The World Factbook: Cambodia". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  40. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Cameroon". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "Religions in Canada—Census 2011". Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada. 
  42. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Canada (1.5% Buddhist + 2% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  43. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Chile". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  44. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2011 – Chile". State.gov. 15 September 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  45. ^ Those sources gave the estimates between 85% to over 98%: "Buddhism in China. By staff reporter ZHANG XUEYING". Chinatoday.com.cn. Retrieved 2011-10-17. , "International Religious Freedom Report 2011 – China". State.gov. 15 September 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2013. , "Survey finds 300m China believers". BBC News. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , "chinadaily.com.cn". China Daily. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  46. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – China (15.4% Buddhist + 30.4% Chinese Folk Religion + 0.1% Confucianist + 0.4% Taoist = 46.3% in total)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  47. ^ Those sources gave the estimates between 80% to 90%: "Buddhists in the world". Thedhamma.com. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , "China Beliefs". Justchina.org. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , "Buddhism in China". Foreignercn.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , "China culture exploring assistant". Chinabusinessinterpreter.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , Sharing Jesus in the Buddhist World, page 19 -21
  48. ^ CIA The World Factbook – Christmas Island
  49. ^ [Adherents.com – Christmas Island]
  50. ^ Parliament of Australia, page 6
  51. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Colombia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  52. ^ "Directorio de Centros y Templos Budistas en Colombia". Budismo. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  53. ^ "El budismo es una profunda filosofía de vida - …ubicado en el barrio Chapinero Alto, de Bogotá, asegura que pueden ser más de 5.000; la mayoría de los cuales sigue el budismo tibetano,… ". El Tiempo. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  54. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  55. ^ Buddhism in Costa Rica by Terrence Johnson, The Costa Rican News, 5 August 2012
  56. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Cote d'Ivoire". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  57. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  58. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Croatia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  59. ^ "Viven en Cuba 4,552 budistas...?". Budismo en Cuba. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  60. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Cuba (0.1% Buddhist + 0.2% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  61. ^ The Pew Forum – Netherlands Antilles
  62. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Cyprus". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  63. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Czech Republic". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  64. ^ "Foreigners by type of residence, sex and citizenship". Czech Statistics Office. 31 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  65. ^ Séc: Phật tử Việt đón tết tại chùa Giác Đạo, "List of Buddhist centers in the Czech Republic". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. , [1]
  66. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Denmark". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  67. ^ Journal of Global Buddhism, Article by Jørn Borup, Department of Study of Religion at University of Aarhus, Denmark. 2008, based on research from 2005, "There are about 20,000 Buddhists in Denmark." 0.5% of 5.5 million would be 27,500.
  68. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Dominica". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  69. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Dominican Republic". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  70. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in the Dominican Republic". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  71. ^ "East Timor". State.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  72. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – East Timor (0.2% Buddhist + 0.2% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  73. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Ecuador". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  74. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Ecuador". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  75. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - El Salvador". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  76. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in El Salvador". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  77. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Estonia". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  78. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Estonia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  79. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  80. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Federated States of Micronesia (0.4% Buddhist + 0.3 Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  81. ^ Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics: Population by Religion - 2007 Census of Population
  82. ^ Approximately 60 percent of the small Chinese community (8,000 people) is Christian, "Chinese in Fiji welcome New Year". Xinhua News Agency. 2011-02-23. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  83. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Finland". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  84. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Finland". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  85. ^ a b c d e f "Buddhists in the world". Thedhamma.com. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  86. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – France (0.8% Buddhist + 0.4% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  87. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2012 – France". State.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  88. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – French Guiana (3.6% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  89. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - French Polynesia (0.1% Buddhist + 0.4% Chinese Fok Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  90. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in the French Polynesia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  91. ^ "Religionen in Deutschland: Mitgliederzahlen" (in German). Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst. 31 October 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  92. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Ghana (<0.1% Buddhist + <0.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  93. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  94. ^ The Nichiren Shoshu Ghana Temple The Foundation for Africa's Future
  95. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Ghana". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  96. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Greece". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  97. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Greece". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  98. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Guam (1.1% Buddhist + 1.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  99. ^ Adherents.com - Buddhists in Guam (1998)
  100. ^ Country Profile: Guatemala (Republic of Guatemala) – 0.06% Buddhist + 0.02% Chinese Folk Religion religiousintelligence.co.uk
  101. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Guatemala (<0.1% Buddhist + <0.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  102. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Guatemala". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  103. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  104. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Guinea (<0.1% Buddhist + <0.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  105. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Guyana (0.2% Buddhist + 0.3% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  106. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  107. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Honduras". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  108. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Hong Kong (practicing Buddhists only)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. , "International Religious Freedom Report 2007 – Hong Kong". State.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  109. ^ "The World Factbook: Hong Kong". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  110. ^ Hong Kong - Year Book 2010 - Religion
  111. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Hungary". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  112. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Hungary". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  113. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Iceland". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  114. ^ "Indian Census". Censusindia.gov.in. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  115. ^ Christian Caryl (1 March 2008). "35 million Buddhists in India (2008)". Newsweek. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  116. ^ "Penduduk Menurut Wilayah dan Agama yang Dianut" [Population by Region and Religion]. Sensus Penduduk 2010. Jakarta, Indonesia: Badan Pusat Statistik. 15 May 2010. Retrieved 20 Nov 2011. "Religion is belief in Almighty God that must be possessed by every human being. Religion can be divided into Muslim, Christian, Catholic, Hindu, Buddhist, Hu Khong Chu, and Other Religion."  Muslim 207176162 (87.18%), Christian 16528513 (6.96), Catholic 6907873 (2.91), Hindu 4012116 (1.69), Buddhist 1703254 (0.72), Khong Hu Chu 117091 (0.05), Other 299617 (0.13), Not Stated 139582 (0.06), Not Asked 757118 (0.32), Total 237641326
  117. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Indonesia (0.8% Buddhist + 0.9% Chinese Folk Religion/Confucianism)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  118. ^ "beyond2020.cso.ie". beyond2020.cso.ie. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  119. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2011 – Israel". State.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  120. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Israel". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  121. ^ "Unione Buddhista Italiana – UBI: L'Ente". Buddhismo.it. 18 August 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  122. ^ [2]
  123. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Jamaica". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  124. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Jamaica". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  125. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Jamaica
  126. ^ ""宗教的なもの" にひかれる日本人〜ISSP国際比較調査(宗教)から〜(in Japanese)". NHK 放送文化研究所 (NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  127. ^ Japan Guide - - Buddhism, 'CIA Factbook: Japan'
  128. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2011 – Japan". State.gov. 15 September 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2013. , All about Buddhism – Questions & Answers
  129. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Kazakhstan". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  130. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Kenya". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  131. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Kenya". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  132. ^ Religious Intelligence UK Report – North Korea
  133. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – North Korea (1.5% Buddhist + 12.3% Ethnoreligionist)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  134. ^ Adherents.com, CIA The World Factbook – North Korea
  135. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2011 – Korea, Republic of". U.S. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  136. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – South Korea (24.8% Buddhist + 10.9% Confucianist + 14.7% Ethnoreligionist = 50.4% in total)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  137. ^ Buddhism in Korea, Korean Buddhism Magazine, Seoul 1997, Asia Society - Historical and Modern Religions of Korea, "Culture of SOUTH KOREA". Every Culture. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  138. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  139. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Kyrgyzstan
  140. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Kyrgyzstan". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  141. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  142. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Laos". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  143. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Latvia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  144. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Latvia". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  145. ^ dailystar.com.lb, Buddhism in 21st Century Lebanon
  146. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Lebanon". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  147. ^ AllGov - Lebanon
  148. ^ state.gov
  149. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  150. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Libya". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. , AllGov - Libya
  151. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. 27 January 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  152. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Lithuania". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  153. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Lithuania". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  154. ^ Soka Gakkai Luxembourg
  155. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Macau". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  156. ^ "CIA Factbook – Macau". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  157. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2011 – Macau". State.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. , "International Religious Freedom Report 2007 – Macau". State.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  158. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Macedonia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  159. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Madagascar". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  160. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Madagascar
  161. ^ "Buddha In Africa" (Story Of Malawian Boy Raised In Chinese Orphanage & Trained In Martial Arts) Gets Development Boost
  162. ^ Amitofo Care Center, Malawi
  163. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Malaysia". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  164. ^ state.gov (19.8% Buddhist + 1.3% Taoism/Confucianism/Chinese Folk Religion
  165. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Belgium". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  166. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Mali". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  167. ^ Malta Buddhist Association.org
  168. ^ state.gov – Malta 2011
  169. ^ "Resident population by religion and sex". Statistics Mauritius. p. 68. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  170. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Mauritius (0.2% Buddhist + 1.3% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  171. ^ "Buddhism in Mauritius (1981)". Adherents.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  172. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 – Cuestionario básico". INEGI. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  173. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Mexico". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  174. ^ "National Census 2010 Preliminary results" (PDF) (in Mongolian). Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  175. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Mongolia (54.2% Buddhist + 0.6% Chinese Folk Religion + 18.6% Ethnoreligionist = 72.8% in total)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  176. ^ Asian History - Mongolia | Facts and History, Windows on Asia - Mongolia, Mongolia Tourism - Religion
  177. ^ state.gov - Mongolia
  178. ^ state.gov - Montenegro
  179. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Morocco". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  180. ^ "state.gov - Namibia". state.gov. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  181. ^ Adherents.com – Nauru
  182. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Nauru (1.4% Buddhist + 10.5% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  183. ^ 2011 Nepal Census Report
  184. ^ The CIA World Factbook - Nepal, state.gov - Nepal
  185. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Nepal". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  186. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  187. ^ Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. Maatschappelijke organisaties in beeld. Den Haag, 2008., "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Netherlands". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  188. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – New Caledonia". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  189. ^ Table 28, 2006 Census Data – QuickStats About Culture and Identity – Tables
  190. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – New Zealand (2.2% Buddhist + 0.3% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  191. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2012 – New Zealand". U.S. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  192. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Nicaragua". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  193. ^ Nigeria News - Being Buddhist
  194. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Nigeria". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  195. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Northern Mariana Islands (10.6% Buddhist + 4.9% Chinese Folk Religion + 0.1% Confucianist)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  196. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Norway". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  197. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Oman". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  198. ^ state.gov - Pakistan
  199. ^ Ghauri, Irfan. "Over 35,000 Buddhists, Baha’is call Pakistan home – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  200. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Palau (0.8% Buddhist + 0.2% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  201. ^ "Buddhism in Palestine". Asian Tribune. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  202. ^ Adherents.com - Panama
  203. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Panama (0.8% Buddhist + 0.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  204. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk – Panama
  205. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Papua New Guinea". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  206. ^ "religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu". religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  207. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Papua New Guinea". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  208. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk – Paraguay
  209. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Peru (0.2% Buddhist + 0.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  210. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Paraguay
  211. ^ Projected Population as of May 6, 2013, PH: Commission on Population, 6 May 2013 
  212. ^ "An Information Guide — Buddhism". buddhist-tourism.com. 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2008. 
  213. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Philippines". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  214. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Poland". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  215. ^ BuddhaNet - List of Buddhist centers in Poland
  216. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Portugal (0.6% Buddhist + 0.2% Chinese)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  217. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Puerto Rico". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  218. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Qatar". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  219. ^ state.gov - Qatar
  220. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Réunion". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  221. ^ Primul centru de buddhism Tibetan din Romania s-a deschis la Mosoaia
  222. ^ Cum poţi să te converteşti la budism în România
  223. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  224. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  225. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  226. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Saudi Arabia". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  227. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  228. ^ Vietnamese Continue Traditions in Senegal
  229. ^ Tết của người Việt ở Sénégal
  230. ^ The first Buddhist temple in Europe was built in Belgrade
  231. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Serbia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  232. ^ Seychelles Travel Guide - Religion
  233. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Seychelles". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  234. ^ SGI-Sierra Leone Hosts Buddhist Seminar
  235. ^ SGI members in Sierra Leone Organize Buddhist Seminars
  236. ^ Singapore Department of Statistics (12 January 2011). "Census of population 2010: Statistical Release 1 on Demographic Characteristics, Education, Language and Religion". Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  237. ^ state.gov - Singapore
  238. ^ "www.state.gov". state.gov. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , "CIA Factbook – Singapore". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. , "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Singapore (14.8% Buddhist + 39.1% Chinese Folk Religion = 53.9% in total)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  239. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  240. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Slovakia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  241. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Slovenia". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  242. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Solomon Islands". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  243. ^ a b "Religious Adherents, 2010 – South Africa". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  244. ^ Nacional (15 November 2011). "El 7% de los fieles profesan una fe que no es la católica". 20minutos.es. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  245. ^ "Sri Lanka Census of Population and Housing, 2011 – Population by Religion". Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka. 20 April 2012. 
  246. ^ state.gov, The CIA World Factbook
  247. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Suriname (0.6% Buddhist + 0.4% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  248. ^ "First Buddhist funeral in Swaziland". Times of Swaziland. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  249. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Sweden". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  250. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Switzerland". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  251. ^ "Taiwan Yearbook 2006". Government of Information Office. 2006. Archived from the original on 8 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  252. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  253. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  254. ^ UNESCO: Tajikistan- Operational project for the preservation of the Buddhist Monastery of Ajina Tepe, Tajikistan Restores Buddha Statue
  255. ^ state.gov - Tanzania, List of Buddhist centers in Tanzania
  256. ^ state.gov - Thailand
  257. ^ "The CIA World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  258. ^ Fostering Peace in Togo
  259. ^ SGI-Togo Appoints New Leaders
  260. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Tonga". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  261. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Trinidad and Tobago (0.3% Buddhist + 0.4% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  262. ^ "List of Buddhist centers in Turkey". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  263. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Tuvalu". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  264. ^ First Buddhist center in Uganda
  265. ^ A dhamma journey for Ugandan
  266. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Ukraine". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  267. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Ukraine". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  268. ^ state.gov - UAE, religiousintelligence.co.uk - UAE
  269. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – United Kingdom (0.3% + 0.1% Chinese Folk Religion)". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  270. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  271. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – United States". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  272. ^ Dharma Folk - Estimates of Asian American Buddhists, Buddhist professor says America becoming receptive, Global Post - Sexual abuse allegations give pause to US Buddhist community
  273. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  274. ^ [3], [4], [5]
  275. ^ First Buddhist temple in Caribbean rising on St. Thomas
  276. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Uzbekistan". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  277. ^ religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu
  278. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Uzbekistan
  279. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Vanuatu". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  280. ^ Buddhist Vietnamese People in Vanuatu
  281. ^ "Religious Adherents, 2010 - Venezuela". World Christian Database. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  282. ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Venezuela
  283. ^ "CIA Factbook – Vietnam". Cia.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  284. ^ "state.gov – Vietnam 2012 (included over 50% Mahayana + 1.2% Theravada + 3% Hoa Hao Buddhism and other new Vietnamese sects of Buddhism)". state.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  285. ^ Vietnam Tourism - Over 70 percent of the population of Vietnam are either Buddhist or strongly influenced by Buddhist practices., mtholyoke.edu Buddhist Crisis 1963 - in a population that is 70 to 80 percent Buddhist
  286. ^ Buddhist Study Exams Held in Zambia, Korea and the USA
  287. ^ "state.gov". state.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  288. ^ Other religions in Zimbabwe
  289. ^ World tour of Buddhist relics comes to Harare
  290. ^ The Global Religious Landscape - Buddhists
  291. ^ "How Buddhism Came to the West" by Maia Duerr
  292. ^ Sharing Jesus in the Buddhist World by David S. Lim, Steve Spaulding - page 19
  293. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  294. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  295. ^ "2010 Report on International Religious Freedom". State.gov. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  296. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
  297. ^ "Adherents.com". Adherents.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011.