|Vincent A. Cianci, Jr.|
|Cianci at the Bristol Fourth of July Parade in 2009|
|32nd & 34th Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island|
January 7, 1991 – September 5, 2002
|Preceded by||Joseph R. Paolino, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||John J. Lombardi|
January 7, 1975 – April 23, 1984
|Preceded by||Joseph A. Doorley|
|Succeeded by||Joseph R. Paolino, Jr.|
April 30, 1941 |
Cranston, Rhode Island
|Political party||Republican (1974–Dec. 1982)
Independent (Jan. 1983–present)
|Residence||Providence, Rhode Island|
|Alma mater||Fairfield, B.A.
Vincent Albert "Buddy" Cianci, Jr. (//, see-AN-see; Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃaŋtʃi], CHAHN-chee; born April 30, 1941) is an American politician who served as the mayor of Providence, Rhode Island from 1975 to 1984 and again from 1991 to 2002. Cianci is the longest-serving mayor of Providence, and one of the longest-serving "big city" mayors in United States history, having held office for over 21 years.
Notably, he was forced to resign from office twice due to felony convictions. His first administration ended in 1984 when he pleaded guilty to assault. His second stint as mayor ended when he was forced to resign following his conviction for racketeering conspiracy (running a corrupt criminal enterprise), and he served four years in federal prison.
Cianci was first elected mayor as the candidate of the Republican Party. While in office he declared himself an independent, and as of 2009 he said he had no party affiliation. In June of 2014, Cianci announced, on his radio show, that he would run for mayor again.
Cianci was born in Cranston, Rhode Island and grew up in the Laurel Hill section of that city, just over the Providence line. His grandparents Pietro, a carpenter, and Carmella Cianci, came to the United States from Roccamonfina, Italy, in the early 20th century. They had 13 children. Cianci's father Vincent was born in 1900 and was a doctor. In 1937 he married a woman named Esther Capobianco. Buddy has an older sister named Carol. He would go on to marry a woman named Sheila in 1973, whom he divorced in 1983. They had one daughter named Nicole and three grandchildren: Olivia, Joseph and Julius. His daughter died at the age of 38 on April 20, 2012.
Education and military service
Educated at Moses Brown School, Cianci earned a bachelor's degree in government at Fairfield University, a master's degree in Political Science at Villanova University, and a law degree at Marquette University Law School.
He enlisted in the U.S. Army on November 29, 1966 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Military Police Corps on April 24, 1967. He served on active duty until 1969 and then in the Army Reserve as a civil affairs officer through 1972.
Early legal career
Admitted to the Rhode Island bar in 1967, Cianci was appointed a special assistant attorney general in 1969 and, in 1973, became the prosecutor of the Rhode Island Attorney General Department's Anti-Corruption Strike Force, a position he held until his first election as Mayor in 1974.
Early political career
In the fall of 1974, Cianci narrowly beat then-Mayor Joseph Doorley on an anti-corruption campaign. Also helping Cianci win was a revolt by some Democrats who were upset with Doorley's administration. He was the city's first Italian-American mayor, ending a 150-year "power monopoly" held by Irish Democrats. Cianci was also the youngest man elected to the office at age 33, and the first Republican Mayor since the Great Depression. Cianci was well known as an extremely charismatic and media-savvy politician. His propensity to attend parades, weddings, public events, and backyard neighborhood barbecues led to a common joke during his tenure that Cianci would jump to attend the opening of an envelope. Cianci was revered by many residents of Providence, and credited with the revitalizing of the city's economy and image.
During his first tenure in office, Cianci and his allies on the Providence City Council clashed with the anti-Cianci majority on almost every issue, the budget being the most heated one. In the mid to late 1970s, Cianci found himself as a rising star in the national Republican Party. After being introduced by Bob Dole, Cianci made an address at the 1976 Republican convention. There was talk of him being the first Italian-American vice president. Cianci was also seriously considered for a federal Cabinet seat in the prospective Gerald Ford administration, had Ford been elected in 1976. After Ford's loss to Jimmy Carter, Cianci tried to promote himself as a Senate candidate, pointing out that if the Republican Party was going to survive in the Northeast, it would have to get more ethnic voters. Cianci clashed behind the scenes with John Chafee, trying to talk him out of his Senate run so Cianci could get the Republican nomination instead. Chafee was elected to the Senate in 1976 and Cianci was re-elected as Mayor of Providence as a Republican in 1978.
Cianci was forced by law to resign from office for the first time in 1984 after pleading no contest to assaulting a Bristol, Rhode Island contractor with a lit cigarette, an ashtray and a fireplace log. Cianci claimed that the man had been having an affair with his wife, though both the man and Cianci's then-wife said that no relationship existed. Providence municipal regulations prohibit a convicted felon from holding public office; ironically, Cianci himself promulgated the rule a few years earlier, with an eye to removing political opponents from the City Council.
After Cianci's resignation, there was a special election. Cianci attempted to run in the election under the rubic that he had been convicted of a felony but received a five year suspended sentence rather than being sent to prison. After a few weeks it was decided by the Rhode Island Supreme Court that Cianci could not run in the special election because the legislative intent was that the convicted incumbent could not succeed himself in office. The special election was won by City Council Chairman and Acting Mayor Joseph R. Paolino, Jr.
Cianci spent the next few years as a radio talk show host on Providence AM station 920 WHJJ and as a television commentator. In 1990 he successfully mounted a re-election campaign with the slogan, "He never stopped caring about Providence."
It was during Cianci's second run as mayor, beginning in 1991, that the city of Providence entered its "Renaissance phase." The city became cleaner and more tourist-friendly. Cianci brought the Providence Bruins hockey team to Rhode Island from Maine, and pushed to further several projects in the city, including a new train station near the State House, new hotels, the Providence Place Mall, and the Fleet Skating Center. He also helped to orchestrate the establishment of Waterfire in downtown Providence, which brings up to 100,000 people to the downtown area alone on the summer nights it takes place.
In 1998 Cianci ran again for re-election, unopposed on the ballot. He has never lost a mayoral election.
Operation Plunder Dome
Cianci was indicted in April 2001 on federal criminal charges of racketeering, conspiracy, extortion, witness tampering, and mail fraud. Several other Providence city officials were also indicted. Judge Ronald R. Lagueux said of the case: "Clearly, there is a feeling in city government in Providence that corruption is tolerated. In this mayor's two administrations, there has been more corruption in the City of Providence than in the history of this state."
Much of the trial was focused around a video tape showing top Cianci aide Frank A. Corrente (the City's Director of Administration) taking a bribe. Jim Taricani, a reporter who aired the tape on local television station WJAR, was sentenced to six months of house arrest for refusing to reveal his sources to the court. Rather than maintaining a low profile after the indictment, Cianci poked fun at the investigation, code-named "Operation Plunder Dome". Nine people (including Cianci) were convicted in the trials, which were presided over by Judge Ernest C. Torres. Cianci was acquitted of 26 of 27 charges, including bribery, extortion, and mail fraud. He was, however, found guilty of a single charge of racketeering conspiracy (running a corrupt criminal enterprise).
He had been planning on running for a seventh term in 2002, and at the time of his conviction was again unopposed.
In September 2002, Cianci was sentenced to serve five years in federal prison by Judge Torres, who opted for a higher sentence than the minimum required by the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Cianci was forced by law to resign immediately following the sentencing. Between his sentencing and the start of his jail term, Cianci resumed his radio career hosting a midday show with former Providence radio host (and former director of communications to Governor Don Carcieri) Steve Kass on AM talk station WPRO. After some legal wrangling, Cianci's lawyers managed to have him sent to prison closer to Rhode Island, and Cianci served his sentence at the Federal Correctional Institution, Fort Dix, in Burlington County, New Jersey. Cianci appealed the conviction to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit but was unsuccessful. In August 2005, Cianci made a request for early release, but was denied.
Cianci was released from prison on May 30, 2007, to a halfway house near Northeastern University in Boston. A noticeable difference in Cianci's appearance was that he had embraced his bald head, and no longer wore a hairpiece. His sentence formally ended on July 28, 2007, and he was moved to home confinement. Upon his initial release from federal prison, he had already secured a job in marketing and sales for the XV Beacon, a luxury hotel in Boston. However, he ultimately chose to return to Rhode Island and began work at the 903 Residences in Providence.
In numerous interviews after his release, Cianci still maintains his innocence, continuously stating the one charge he was found guilty of was basically being the "captain of the ship."
On September 20, 2007, Cianci returned to the airwaves on local Providence AM station WPRO, hosting a weekday talk show. He said that he had no plans to run for political office again, although he had not entirely ruled it out when pressed on the issue.
On October 24, 2007, Cianci appeared on WLNE-TV ABC6 to announce that in addition to his radio show, he was joining the television station as chief political analyst and contributing editor, which included moderating a weekly political segment called Your Attention Please, which was renamed Buddy TV and became a daily segment in July 2008, and is currently The World According to Buddy as of May 2011. His job with WLNE began on November 1, 2007. Cianci also hosts the station's weekend public affairs program On the Record with Buddy Cianci. He began in October 2008 as co-host of the program with WLNE weeknight anchor John DeLuca and became solo host in May 2011.
Cianci became eligible to run for mayor again in the year 2012, three years after his probation ended (due to the provisions of the 1986 Rhode Island constitutional amendment, aptly named "the Buddy amendment"). There was not a mayoral election scheduled in Providence that year; the next such election in which Cianci would be eligible to run is not expected to occur until November 2014.
In May 2014, Cianci, who is being treated for cancer, was cleared by his doctors to run for mayor in 2014. On June 25th Cianci announced he would be seeking another term as mayor.
In popular culture
- BUDDY—The Rise and Fall of America's Most Notorious Mayor, a documentary directed by Cherry Arnold and narrated by James Woods.
- The Prince of Providence, a book by Mike Stanton (ISBN 0-375-50780-9) details Cianci's life, from childhood, to mob-busting prosecutor, to mayor, to conviction.
- Politics and Pasta: How I Prosecuted Mobsters, Rebuilt a Dying City, Advised a President, Dined with Sinatra, Spent Five Years in a Federally Funded Gated Community, and Lived to Tell the Tale, a book by Vincent "Buddy" Cianci with David Fisher (ISBN 978-0312592806), is Cianci's memoir.
- "Buddy" Cianci: The Musical, an off-Broadway musical created by Jonathan Van Gieson and Mike Tarantino. The musical incorporates much of the material from The Prince of Providence.
- On the animated sitcom Family Guy (set in Rhode Island), Chris attended Buddy Cianci Junior High School. One episode was titled "Fast Times at Buddy Cianci Jr. High".
- He has made guest appearances as himself on the television show Providence.
- He has a brand of tomato sauce, "Mayor's Own Marinara Sauce," the proceeds of which benefit Providence school children
- Marcelo, Philip (January 11, 2010), "Cianci says he may run again", The Providence Journal, retrieved 2010-01-11
- Army Register, 1969. Vol. 2.
- Mike Stanton, "Zorba the mayor", The Providence Journal, December 13, 2002. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- Dan Barry, "Buddy for Life", The New York Times, December 31, 2000. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- U.S. v. Cianci, 378 F.3d 71 (2004)
- Michelle R. Smith, "Cianci arrives at Boston halfway house after release from prison", Boston.com, May 30, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- Raja Mishra, "Cianci snubs Boston for job in R.I.", The Boston Globe, June 9, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- Joe Vileno, "Buddy Cianci", The Phoenix, September 24, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- "Doctors Clear Buddy Cianci to Run for Mayor if He Wants", ABC 6, May 6, 2014. Accessed May 8, 2014.
- Buddy (2005) at the Internet Movie Database
- "Buddy" Cianci: The Musical, NYTheatre.com
- "Taste of Providence" at the Internet Movie Database
- WJAR's index of Plunder Dome–related articles
- FBI Press Release Relating to fall-out from Plunder Dome
- "Charges in 30-Count Indictment against Cianci and other Defendants"
- Vice and Virtue—2002 special by Rhode Island's The Providence Journal.
- "ABC6 News names Buddy chief political analyst"
- The Buddy Cianci Show on 630 WPRO
Joseph A. Doorley
|Mayor of Providence
Joseph R. Paolino, Jr.
Joseph R. Paolino, Jr.
|Mayor of Providence
John J. Lombardi