Buddy Guy performing at his eponymous Chicago club, 2013
|Birth name||George Guy|
July 30, 1936 |
Lettsworth, Louisiana, United States
|Genres||Chicago blues, electric blues|
|Labels||RCA, Cobra, Chess, Delmark, Silvertone, MCA, Atlantic, MPS, Charly, Zomba Music Group, Jive, Vanguard, JSP Records, Rhino Records, Purple Pyramid, Flyright, AIM Recording Co., Alligator Records, Blues Ball Records|
|Associated acts||Junior Wells|
|Fender Buddy Guy Signature Stratocaster|
George "Buddy" Guy (born July 30, 1936) is an American blues guitarist and singer. Critically acclaimed, he is a pioneer of the Chicago blues sound and has served as an influence to some of the most notable musicians of his generation, including Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, Jimi Hendrix and Stevie Ray Vaughan. In the 1960s Guy was a member of Muddy Waters' band and was a house guitarist at Chess Records. He can be heard on Howlin' Wolf's "Killing Floor" and Koko Taylor's "Wang Dang Doodle" as well as on his own Chess sides and the series of records he made with harmonica player Junior Wells.
Ranked 30th in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time", Guy is known for his showmanship on stage: playing his guitar with drumsticks or strolling into the audience while playing solos. His song "Stone Crazy" was ranked 78th in Rolling Stone's list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time.
Guy's autobiography, When I Left Home: My Story, was released on May 8, 2012.
Life and career
Born and raised in Lettsworth, Louisiana, Guy began learning guitar on a two string diddley bow he made. Later he was given a Harmony acoustic guitar, which, decades later in Guy's lengthy career was donated to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In the early '50s he began performing with bands in Baton Rouge. Soon after moving to Chicago in 1957, Guy fell under the influence of Muddy Waters. In 1958, a competition with West Side guitarists Magic Sam and Otis Rush gave Guy a record contract. Soon afterwards he recorded for Cobra Records. He recorded sessions with Junior Wells for Delmark Records under the pseudonym Friendly Chap in 1965 and 1966.
Guy’s early career was held back by both conservative business choices made by his record company (Chess Records) and "the scorn, diminishments and petty subterfuge from a few jealous rivals". Chess, Guy’s record label from 1959 to 1968, refused to record Buddy Guy’s novel style that was similar to his live shows. Leonard Chess (Chess founder and 1987 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee) denounced Guy’s playing as "noise". In the early 1960s, Chess tried recording Guy as a solo artist with R&B ballads, jazz instrumentals, soul and novelty dance tunes, but none was released as a single. Guy’s only Chess album, "Left My Blues in San Francisco," was finally issued in 1967. Most of the songs belong stylistically to the era's soul boom, with orchestrations by Gene Barge and Charlie Stepney. Chess used Guy mainly as a session guitarist to back Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, Little Walter, Sonny Boy Williamson, Koko Taylor and others.
Buddy Guy appeared onstage at the March 1969 Supershow at Staines, England, that also included Eric Clapton, Led Zeppelin, Jack Bruce, Stephen Stills, Buddy Miles, Glen Campbell, Roland Kirk, Jon Hiseman, and The Misunderstood. But by the late 1960s, Guy's star was in decline.
Guy's career finally took off during the blues revival period of the late 1980s and early 1990s. It was sparked by Clapton's request that Guy be part of the '24 Nights' all-star blues guitar lineup at London's Royal Albert Hall and Guy's subsequent signing with Silvertone Records.
While Buddy Guy's music is often labeled Chicago blues, his style is unique and separate. His music can vary from the most traditional, deepest blues to a creative, unpredictable and radical gumbo of the blues, avant rock, soul and free jazz that morphs at each night’s performance.
As New York Times music critic Jon Pareles noted in 2004:
Mr. Guy, 68, mingles anarchy, virtuosity, deep blues and hammy shtick in ways that keep all eyes on him... [Guy] loves extremes: sudden drops from loud to soft, or a sweet, sustained guitar solo followed by a jolt of speed, or a high, imploring vocal cut off with a rasp...Whether he's singing with gentle menace or bending new curves into a blue note, he is a master of tension and release, and his every wayward impulse was riveting.
In a revealing interview taped on April 14, 2000 for WRUW-FM Cleveland (a college station), Guy said "The purpose of me trying to play the kind of rocky stuff is to get airplay...I find myself kind of searching, hoping I'll hit the right notes, say the right things, maybe they'll put me on one of these big stations, what they call 'classic'...if you get Eric Clapton to play a Muddy Waters song, they call it classic, and they will put it on that station, but you'll never hear Muddy Waters."
For almost 50 years, Guy performed flamboyant live concerts of energetic blues and blues rock, predating the 1960s blues rockers. As a musician, he had a fundamental impact on the blues and on rock and roll, influencing a new generation of artists.
Buddy Guy has been called the bridge between the blues and rock and roll. He is one of the historic links between Chicago electric blues pioneers Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf and popular musicians like Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Jimi Hendrix and Jimmy Page as well as later revivalists like Stevie Ray Vaughan. Vaughan stated that, "Without Buddy Guy, there would be no Stevie Ray Vaughan." Guitarist magazine observed:
- Without Buddy Guy, the blues, not to mention rock as we know it, might be a heckuva lot less interesting today. Take the blues out of contemporary rock music—or pop, jazz and funk for that matter—and what you have left is a wholly spineless affair. A tasteless stew. Makes you shudder to think about it...[where?]
In addition, Guy's pathfinding guitar techniques also contributed greatly to rock and roll music. His guitar playing was loud and aggressive; used pioneering distortion and feedback techniques; employed longer solos; had shifts of volume and texture; and was driven by emotion and impulse. These lessons were eagerly learned and applied by the new wave of 1960s British artists and later became basic attributes of blues-rock music and its offspring, hard rock and heavy metal music. Jeff Beck realized in the early 1960s: "I didn't know a Strat could sound like that — until I heard Buddy's tracks on the Blues From Big Bill's Copa Cabana album" (reissue of 1963 Folk Festival Of The Blues album) and "It was the total manic abandon in Buddy's solos. They broke all boundaries. I just thought, this is more like it! Also, his solos weren't restricted to a three-minute pop format; they were long and really developed."
Clapton has stated that he got the idea for a blues-rock power trio while watching Buddy Guy's trio perform in England in 1965. Clapton later formed the rock band Cream, which was "the first rock supergroup to become superstars" and was also "the first top group to truly exploit the power-trio format, in the process laying the foundation for much blues-rock and hard rock of the 1960s and 1970s."[where?]
Eric Clapton said "Buddy Guy was to me what Elvis was for others." Clapton said in a 1985 Musician magazine article that "Buddy Guy is by far and without a doubt the best guitar player alive...if you see him in person, the way he plays is beyond anyone. Total freedom of spirit, I guess. He really changed the course of rock and roll blues."
Recalls Guy: "Eric Clapton and I are the best of friends and I like the tune "Strange Brew" and we were sitting and having a drink one day and I said 'Man, that "Strange Brew"...you just cracked me up with that note.' And he said 'You should...cause it's your licks...' " As soon as Clapton completed his famous Derek & the Dominos sessions in October 1970, he co-produced (with Ahmet Ertegün and Tom Dowd) the Buddy Guy & Junior Wells Play The Blues album with Guy's longtime harp and vocal compatriot, Junior Wells. The record, released in 1972, is regarded by some critics as among the finest electric blues recordings of the modern era.
In recognition of Guy's influence on Hendrix's career, the Hendrix family invited Buddy Guy to headline all-star casts at several Jimi Hendrix tribute concerts they organized in recent years, "calling on a legend to celebrate a legend." Jimi Hendrix himself once said that "Heaven is lying at Buddy Guy’s feet while listening to him play guitar."
Songs such as "Red House", "Voodoo Chile" and "Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" partly came from the sonic world that Buddy Guy helped to create. According to the Fender Players' Club: "Almost ten years before Jimi Hendrix would electrify the rock world with his high-voltage voodoo blues, Buddy Guy was shocking juke joint patrons in Baton Rouge with his own brand of high-octane blues. Ironically, when Buddy’s playing technique and flamboyant showmanship were later revealed to crossover audiences in the late Sixties, it was erroneously assumed that he was imitating Hendrix." (In 1993, Guy covered "Red House" on Stone Free: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix.)
Stevie Ray Vaughan once declared that Buddy Guy "plays from a place that I've never heard anyone play." Vaughan continued:
- Buddy can go from one end of the spectrum to another. He can play quieter than anybody I've ever heard, or wilder and louder than anybody I've ever heard. I play pretty loud a lot of times, but Buddy's tones are incredible. He pulls such emotion out of so little volume. Buddy just has this cool feel to everything he does. And when he sings, it's just compounded. Girls fall over and sweat and die! Every once in a while I get the chance to play with Buddy, and he gets me every time, because we could try to go to Mars on guitars but then he'll start singing, sing a couple of lines, and then stick the mike in front of me! What are you gonna do? What is a person gonna do?!
Jeff Beck affirmed:
- Geez, you can't forget Buddy Guy. He transcended blues and started becoming theater. It was high art, kind of like drama theater when he played, you know. He was playing behind his head long before Hendrix. I once saw him throw the guitar up in the air and catch it in the same chord.
Beck recalled the night he and Stevie Ray Vaughan jammed with Guy at Buddy Guy’s Legends club in Chicago: "That was just the most incredible stuff I ever heard in my life. The three of us all jammed and it was so thrilling. That is as close you can come to the heart of the blues." According to Jimmy Page: "Buddy Guy is an absolute monster" and "There were a number of albums that everybody got tuned into in the early days. There was one in particular called, I think, American Folk Festival Of The Blues, which featured Buddy Guy. He just astounded everybody."
Singer-songwriter and guitarist John Mayer, who has performed with Guy on numerous occasions (including with Clapton's Crossroads Guitar Festival and on PBS' SoundStage) and collaborated with him on Guy's 2005 album Bring 'Em In, cited on several occasions that Buddy Guy was one of his top influences.
Former Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman: "Guitar Legends do not come any better than Buddy Guy. He is feted by his peers and loved by his fans for his ability to make the guitar both talk and cry the blues. Such is Buddy's mastery of the guitar that there is virtually no guitarist that he cannot imitate."
Guy has opened for the Rolling Stones on numerous tours since the early 1970s. Slash: "Buddy Guy is the perfect combination of R&B and hardcore rock and roll." ZZ Top’s Billy Gibbons: "He (Buddy Guy) ain't no trickster. He may appear surprised by his own instant ability but, clearly, he knows what's up."
Guy appeared and performed in an episode of the popular children's show, Jack's Big Music Show, as the "King of Swing". Guy has influenced the styles of subsequent artists such as Jesse Marchant of JBM.
On February 21, 2012, Guy performed in concert at the White House for President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle. During the finale of the concert Guy successfully encouraged the President to sing a few bars of Sweet Home Chicago.
Guy previously served on the Hall of Fame’s nominating committee. Guy has won six Grammy Awards both for his work on his electric and acoustic guitars, and for contemporary and traditional forms of blues music. In 2003, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. This medal is awarded by the President of the United States of America to those who have made extraordinary contributions to the creation, growth and support in the arts in the United States. By 2004, Guy had also earned 23 W.C. Handy Awards (more than any other artist has received), Billboard magazine's The Century Award (Guy was its second recipient) for distinguished artistic achievement, and the title of Greatest Living Electric Blues Guitarist.
In 2008, Buddy Guy was inducted into The Louisiana Music Hall of Fame, performing at Texas Club in Baton Rouge, Louisiana to commemorate the occasion.
On December 2, 2012, Guy was awarded the 2012 Kennedy Center Honors. At his induction, Kennedy Center Chairman David Rubenstein made the commendation, "Buddy Guy is a titan of the blues and has been a tremendous influence on virtually everyone who has picked up an electric guitar in the last half century".
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Guy was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 14, 2005 by Eric Clapton and B.B. King. Clapton recalled seeing Guy perform in London’s Marquee Club in 1965, impressing him with his technique, his looks and his charismatic showmanship. He remembered seeing Guy pick the guitar with his teeth and play it over his head—two tricks that later influenced Jimi Hendrix. Guy’s acceptance speech was concise: "If you don’t think you have the blues, just keep living."
|Hoodoo Man Blues||1965||Delmark||w/ Junior Wells Band|
|Chicago / The Blues / Today!, Vol. 1||1966||Vanguard||w/ Junior Wells Band|
|It’s My Life, Baby!||1966||Vanguard||w/ Junior Wells Band|
|I Left My Blues in San Francisco||1967||Chess|||
|Berlin Festival - Guitar Workshop||1967||MPS||Long Play released in Argentina by Microphone Argentina S.A. (1974)|
|A Man and the Blues||1968||Vanguard|||
|Coming at You||1968||Vanguard|||
|This Is Buddy Guy (Live)||1968||Vanguard|||
|Hot and Cool||1969||Vanguard|
|First Time I Met the Blues-Python||1969|
|Buddy and the Juniors||1970||MCA||w/ Junior Mance & Junior Wells|
|Buddy & Junior Mance & Junior Wells||1971||Harvest (UK)||UK release of Buddy and the Juniors|
|South Side Blues Jam||1970||Delmark||w/ Junior Wells and Otis Spann|
|In the Beginning||1971||Red Lightnin’|
|Play the Blues||1972||Rhino||w/ Junior Wells|
|Hold That Plane!||1972||Vanguard|||
|I Was Walking Through the Woods||1974||Chess||rec. 1960–64|
|Got to Use Your Head||1979||Blues Ball|||
|The Dollar Done Fell||1980||JSP|||
|Buddy & Phil||1981||JSP (1024)||also P-Vine CD 23886 (2007)|
|Going Back||1981||Isabel||w/ Junior Wells, LP released only in France|
|Drinkin’ TNT ’n’ Smokin’ Dynamite (live)||1982||Blind Pig||Rec. 1974 at the Montreux Jazz Festival|
|DJ Play My Blues||1982||JSP|||
|The Original Blues Brothers (live)||1983||Blue Moon|
|Ten Blue Fingers||1985||JSP|||
|Atlantic Blues: Chicago||1986||Atlantic|
|Live at the Checkerboard Lounge, Chicago-1979||1988||JSP|
|I Ain’t Got No Money||1989||Flyright|||
|Alone & Acoustic||1991||Alligator||CD reissue of 1981's Going Back plus 5 more songs from the sessions|
|Damn Right, I've Got the Blues||1991||Silvertone/BMG||Won the 1991 Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album|
|My Time After Awhile||1992||Vanguard|
|The Very Best of Buddy Guy||1992||Rhino/WEA|
|The Complete Chess Studio Recordings||1992||Chess||2 CD, 1960–67|
|Live at Montreaux||1992||Evidence||w/ Junior Wells|
|Stone Free: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix||1993||Reprise||Performed "Red House"|
|Feels Like Rain||1993||Silvertone||Won the 1993 Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album|
|Slippin' In||1994||Silvertone||Won the 1995 Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album|
|Live: The Real Deal||1996||Silvertone|
|Buddy’s Blues||1997||Chess||"Chess Masters" series|
|Buddy’s Blues 1978-1982: The Best of the JSP Recordings||1998||JSP|
|As Good as It Gets||1998||Vanguard|
|Last Time Around - Live at Legends||1998||Jive||w/Junior Wells|
|This Is Buddy Guy||1998||VMD|
|Buddy’s Baddest: The Best of Buddy Guy||1999||Silvertone|
|The Complete Vanguard Recordings||2000||Vanguard|
|Every Day I Have the Blues||2000||Purple Pyramid||w/ Junior Wells|
|20th Century Masters: The Millennium: The Best of Buddy Guy||2001||MCA|
|Sweet Tea||2001||Jive||Nominated for the 2001 Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album|
|Blues Singer||2003||Silvertone||Won the 2003 Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album|
|Chicago Blues Festival 1964 (Live)||2003||Stardust|
|Jammin’ Blues Electric & Acoustic||2003||Sony||A compilation of tracks from Live: The Real Deal and Last Time Around - Live at Legends|
|Live at the Mystery Club||2003||Quicksilver||Reissue of Every Day I Have the Blues|
|A Night of the Blues||2005||w/ Junior Wells - Master Classics - reissue of Every Day I Have the Blues|
|Bring 'Em In||2005||Jive|
|Can't Quit the Blues: Box Set||2006||Silvertone/Legacy|
|Live: The Real Deal||2006||Sony||w/ G. E. Smith & the Saturday Night Live Band|
|Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino||2007||Vanguard||w/ Joss Stone and the Dirty Dozen Brass Band, performing "Every Night About This Time".|
|The Definitive Buddy Guy||2009||Shout! Factory||His first single-disc career-spanning CD|
|Living Proof||2010||Jive||Won the 2010 Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album|
- "Buddy Guy". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Rolling Stone. 2004-03-24. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- "The 100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-01-25. "Cut in 1961 for Chess, the full seven minutes of this blinding blues went unreleased for nearly a decade. Guy solos with a steel-needle tone, answering his own barking vocal with dizzying pinpoint stabs. 'I don't know how to bend the string', he told RS. 'Let me break it.’"
- Guy, Buddy with Ritz, David. (2012) When I Left Home: My Story, Cambridge: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81957-5
- "We've Got The Westside Covered". Riverside Reader. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- Everett, Matthew (27 February 2013). "Buddy Guy Keeps the Blues Alive". MetroPulse. Scripps Interactive Newspapers Group. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- "Buddy Guy's Legends". Buddyguys.com. 2011-11-26. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
- "Independent Music Awards". Independent Music Awards. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- Andrew Duncan (Jul 9th, 2010). "JBM – Reflections". Zaptown. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "In Performance @ the White House | Blues Legend Buddy Guy talks about playing at the White House". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Matt Compton (2012-02-21). "President Obama Sings "Sweet Home Chicago" | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Grammys 2011: Beatles, McCartney Honored on Music’s Big Night". Hollywoodtoday.net. 2011-02-13. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
- "Lifetime Honors: National Medal of Arts". Nea.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- "Kennedy Center Honors Buddy Guy & Led Zeppelin". Americanbluesscene.com. 2012-12-03. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- "Dustin Hoffman, David Letterman, Natalia Makarova, Buddy Guy, Led Zeppelin Are Kennedy Center Honorees". Playbill.com. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- "The 25th Anniversary Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame Concerts (4CD)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
- Buddy Guy > Discography > Main Albums from Allmusic
- "“Living Proof” wins Contemporary Blues Album at Grammys!". Buddy Guy. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- “Damn Right I've Got the Blues: Buddy Guy and the Blues Roots of Rock-And-Roll (1993) by Donald Wilcox and Buddy Guy, Duane Press 1999 paperback: ISBN 0-942627-13-X
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