Budva

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Budva
Будва
Panorama of Budva
Panorama of Budva
Flag of Budva
Flag
Coat of arms of Budva
Coat of arms
Budva is located in Montenegro
Budva
Budva
Location of Budva
Coordinates: 42°17′17″N 18°50′33″E / 42.28806°N 18.84250°E / 42.28806; 18.84250Coordinates: 42°17′17″N 18°50′33″E / 42.28806°N 18.84250°E / 42.28806; 18.84250
Country Montenegro
Settlements 33
Government
 • Mayor Lazar Rađenović (DPS) (DPSSDP)
Area
 • Total 122 km2 (47 sq mi)
Population (2003 census)
 • Total 14,458
 • Density 130/km2 (300/sq mi)
 • Municipality 16,095
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85310
Area code +382 33
ISO 3166-2 code ME-05
Car plates BD
Website http://www.opstinabudva.com/

Budva (Serbian: Будва, Budva, pronounced [bûːdv̞a] or [bûdv̞a], Italian: Budua) is a coastal town in Montenegro. It has around 18,000 (2011) inhabitants, and it is the centre of Budva Municipality. The coastal area around Budva, called the Budvanska rivijera, is the centre of Montenegro's tourism, and is well known for its sandy beaches, diverse nightlife, and examples of Mediterranean architecture. Budva is 3,500 years old, which makes it one of the oldest settlements on the Adriatic Sea coast.

Name[edit]

In Montenegrin and Serbian the town is known as Будва or Budva; in Italian as Budua; and in Greek as Μπούντβα (Budva).

History[edit]

There is vast archaeological evidence that places Budva among the oldest urban settlements of the Adriatic coast. Substantial documentary evidence provides historical references dating back to the 5th century BC.

Illyrian helmet from Budva (4th cBC)
The Old town in 1615.

A legend recounts that Bouthoe (Βουθόη - Vouthoe) was founded by Cadmus the founder of Thebes, Greece, when exiled out of Thebes, finding a shelter in this place for him and his wife, Harmonia. Two other civilizations also left innumerable traces: the Greek and the Roman (then named Butua). Upon the fall of the Roman Empire and its division into east and west, the defensive barrier which separated the two powers happened to run across this area, subsequently making a lasting impact on the history and culture of this town. In the Middle Ages, Budva was reigned by a succession of Doclean kings, as well as Serbian and Zetan aristocrats.

Old town by night

The Venetians ruled the town for nearly 400 years, from 1420 to 1797. Budva, called Budua in those centuries, was part of the Venetian Republic region of Albania Veneta and was fortified by powerful Venetian walls against Ottoman conquests. According to the historian Luigi Paulucci in his book "Le Bocche di Cattaro nel 1810" (The Bay of Kotor in 1810), most of the population spoke the Venetian language until the beginning of the nineteenth century. One of the most renowned theater librettists and composers, Cristoforo Ivanovich, was born in Venetian Budua.

In the very turbulent years that followed, Budva saw a change of several of its supreme rulers – Austria, France and Russia. A union of Boka Kotorska (and Budva) with Montenegro took place for a brief period (1813–1814), but from 1814 until 1918 Budva remained under Austrian Empire. After WWI, in 1918 Serbian army entered Budva abandoned by Austrian forces and it came under the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Later, in 1941, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.

During World War II many people of this area died in the fight between partizans and Axis troops. Budva was finally liberated from Nazi rule on 22 November 1944 and, after belonging once again to Yugoslavia, is now part of the newly independent Montenegro.

A catastrophic earthquake struck Budva on 15 April 1979. Much of old town was devastated, but today there is little evidence of the catastrophe – almost all the buildings were restored to their original form.

Population[edit]




Circle frame.svg

Ethnic groups (2003)

  Montenegrins (45.56%)
  Serbs (40.45%)
  Others (13.99%)

Budva is the administrative centre of Budva municipality, which includes the neighbouring towns of Bečići and Petrovac, and has a population of 16,095 (2003 census).[1] The town itself has 14,458(2003)

2003 population Census[1] – 16,095 citizens:

Old Town[edit]

Churches in Old Town

The Old Town in Budva has many different tales and stories of its origin. Scholars and historians believe it to have originally been an island, which later joined the shore to form a sand isthmus. The Old Town, along with the city of Budva was said to have been discovered by a Greek sailor by the name of Boutoua. Eventually the Roman Empire took over the whole Montenegrin coast influencing it greatly.

Much of the architecture in the Old Town is of Venetian design. Doors, hinges, windows, balconies and many other small but noticeable things seem to hold the Roman style of the Republic of Venice. There are also three main churches in the old town. The first is St. Ivan's which was built in the 7th century, second St. Mary's of Punta dating from 840 and the third, The Holy Trinity, which was built in 1804. The venetian walls of the Old town are a famous tourist attraction.

The Venetian walls of Budua (Budva) in a 1900 postcard

The Old Town is also famous for the earthquakes it suffered in 1979, where the whole town had to be rebuilt; it took eight years (until 1987) for it to be finished.

Tourism[edit]

Budva is the capital of Montenegrin tourism. With over 550,000 guests in the 2010 summer season, it is by far the most popular tourist destination in Montenegro.

Because of sandy beaches in and around Budva which stretch for 11,310 m (37,106.30 ft) as well as its vast cultural heritage, architecture, and vibrant nightlife the city is increasingly turning into the most attractive tourist destination in Montenegro.

Budva mountain view

Budva's most famous beach is Mogren. Nestled in-between several large cliffs it can be reached by a 500 m (1,640.42 ft) pathway from Budva's Old town. Other beaches within official city boundaries include Ričardova glava (Richard's Head), Pizana, Slovenska plaža. Many other beaches are located just outside of Budva in smaller adjacent towns and villages such as Bečići, Jaz, Trsteno, Maestral, Miločer, Sveti Stefan, Pržno, Kamenovo, Ploče, Crvena Glavica, Drobni Pijesak, Kraljičina plaža, Kraljeva plaža.

Outside the old town, Budva does not offer many historical sights. Instead, much of the city consists of new age Mediterranean-style buildings, or private lowrise dwellings. During the turbulent 1990s, Budva grew and expanded without any form of urban planning, which resulted in parts of town featuring narrow streets and numerous cul-de-sacs. This is the reason of major traffic jams during the summer season.

In the close vicinity of Budva there are exclusive resorts such as town-hotel Sveti Stefan and Miločer, places frequented by various celebrities as well as local businessmen and politicians.

Sveti Stefan, near Budva

There are a few notable drawbacks in development of tourism in Budva. The biggest is inadequate infrastructure of the town. The most quoted problem in Budva, as in all of the Montenegrin coast, is a shortage of tap water. Scarse watersheds around Budva became completely inadequate for the growing town in the early 2000s, so taps in Budva become dry during daytime for most of the summer months. Recently, as the number of tourists at peak times reach 100,000 in Budva, electricity shortages also became commonplace.

The other serious problem is traffic and parking in and around Budva. As most of the beaches are located around Budva, tourists returning from beaches in the afternoon usually jam the roads along the coast, so the trip from Sveti Stefan to Budva, some 10 km (6.2 mi), takes around an hour.

Car parking is also a major problem. Increasing number of tourists are coming to Budva with their own car, so there is overwhelming demand for parking space around the town center. Sometimes one has to wait in line to get a space on a parking lot up to an hour.

Hotels are usually spared these problems, as they have privileges when it comes to water and electricity supply.

Panorama of Budva.

Transport[edit]

Budva is connected to inland Montenegro by two-laned highways. There are two ways to reach Budva from Podgorica – either through Cetinje, or through the Sozina tunnel (opened 2005). Either way, Podgorica, the capital and main road junction in Montenegro, is around 60 km (37 mi) away.

Budva is connected to the rest of coastal towns of Montenegro by the Adriatic Highway, which extends from Ulcinj in the far south to Herceg Novi, and on to Croatia.

Tivat Airport is 20 km (12 mi) away. There are regular flights to Belgrade and Zürich, and dozens of charter planes land daily on Tivat airport during the summer season.

Podgorica Airport is 65 km (40 mi) away, and it has regular flights to Belgrade and other European destinations throughout the year.

Climate[edit]

Budva has a typical Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and mild winters, and 230 sunny days in a year. Budva has the typical Mediterranean rainfall pattern, which results in wetter winters and drier summers. Daytime highs in the summer range from 24 to 32 °C (75 to 90 °F) and from 8 to 14 °C (46 to 57 °F) during the winter months. The mean summertime temperature is 25 °C (77.0 °F) and 9.3 °C (48.7 °F) in the winter. The temperature of the sea reaches up to 25 °C (77.0 °F) in the summer months, while it keeps between 17 °C (63 °F) and 20 °C (68 °F) in the autumn.

Budva
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
162
 
12
6
 
 
143
 
13
6
 
 
126
 
14
8
 
 
117
 
17
11
 
 
80
 
21
14
 
 
61
 
25
18
 
 
34
 
29
21
 
 
54
 
28
21
 
 
105
 
25
18
 
 
156
 
21
14
 
 
203
 
17
10
 
 
182
 
14
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1]

Presence of millionaires[edit]

Locally, Budva is referred to as the Montenegrin Kuwait, because of the number of resident millionaires compared to its relatively small population. Following a real estate boom in the early 2000s, many native families sold their properties in and around Budva to foreign buyers, mostly Russians, Austrians and Italians. Once barren and undeveloped fields of steep hillsides are being sold for hundreds of Euros per square meter. This resulted in a transformation from a once poor fisherman's village to a town with the most millionaires per capita in Europe, approximately 500 millionaires in a town of around 22,000 people. Many of the newly rich re-invested their money in real-estate, buying homes in central Podgorica and Belgrade, which resulted in higher real-estate prices in Podgorica and Belgrade.

Culture[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Budva is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Djordje Capin. "Boka Kotorska Census 2003". Project Rastko. Retrieved 5 May 2009. 
  2. ^ "EXIT festival will be held in Novi Sad and Budva". B82. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Banská Bystrica Sister Cities". 2001–2008. Retrieved 14 December 2008. 

External links[edit]

Official sites[edit]

Photos[edit]