Buea

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Buea
Buéa
Town and commune
Buea from the foot of Mount Cameroon
Buea from the foot of Mount Cameroon
Buea is located in Cameroon
Buea
Buea
Coordinates: 4°10′0″N 9°14′0″E / 4.16667°N 9.23333°E / 4.16667; 9.23333Coordinates: 4°10′0″N 9°14′0″E / 4.16667°N 9.23333°E / 4.16667; 9.23333
Country  Cameroon
Region Southwest Region
Division Fako
Elevation 870 m (2,850 ft)
Population (2005)[1]
 • Total 90,088 (Census)

Buea (French: Buéa) is the capital of the Southwest Region of Cameroon. The town is located on the eastern slopes of Mount Cameroon and has a population of 90,088 (at the 2005 Census).[1]

History[edit]

The Residence of von Puttkamer

Tea growing is an important local industry, especially in Tole. Buea was the colonial capital of the German Kamerun from 1901 to 1919, and the capital of the Southern Cameroons from 1949 until 1961. The German colonial administration in Buea was temporarily suspended during the eruption of Mount Cameroon from 28 April – June 1909.

Originally, Buea's population consisted mainly of the Bakweri people. However, due to its position as a university town and the regional capital, there are a significant number of other ethnic groups.

University[edit]

The city hosts the University of Buea, the first Anglophone university of Cameroon. The city still has a handful of colonial era buildings, notably the palatial former residence of the German governor, Jesko von Puttkamer. Other German colonial buildings are still standing, but some of them suffer from lack of maintenance and old age. About 150,000 people live in Buea (including Muea; Bomaka; Tole; Miles 17, 16, 15, 14; Bova; and surrounding villages). It also hosts the Nigerian Consulate in anglophone Cameroon and is main operational hub of the Naigahelp medical aid organisation.

Geography and climate[edit]

Tourists climbing Mount Cameroon in Buea

Because of its location at the foot of Mount Cameroon, the climate in Buea tends to be humid, with the neighbourhoods at higher elevations enjoying cooler temperatures while the lower neighbourhoods experience a hotter climate. Extended periods of rainfall, characterized by incessant drizzle, which can last for weeks, are common during the rainy season as are damp fogs, rolling off the mountain into the town below.

Transport[edit]

Limbe was served by a 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in) gauge plantation railway to Limbe, of the West African Planting Society Victoria.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Helders, Stefan. "Buéa". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  2. ^ http://www.gouverneur-ebermaier.de/english/narrow_gauge_railways.htm

External links[edit]