Disney Music Group

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Disney Music Group
Type Division of Walt Disney Studios
Industry Music, music publishing
Founded 1998
Headquarters Burbank, California, U.S.
Key people Ken Bunt,[1] President
Products Music albums, records, music videos
Parent The Walt Disney Studios
(The Walt Disney Company)
Divisions Walt Disney Records
Hollywood Records
Disney Music Publishing
Website www.waltdisneystudios.com

Disney Music Group (DMG) is the music production arm of The Walt Disney Company. The division consists of two affiliated record labelsWalt Disney Records and Hollywood Records—and Disney Music Publishing, the publishing entity that administers the company's music. The president of the group is Ken Bunt,[1] who reports to Alan F. Horn, the chairman of The Walt Disney Studios.

Background[edit]

In April 1947, Disney formed the Walt Disney Music Company to publish and license Disney songs.[2] In 1956, the Walt Disney Music Company's Disneyland Records label was founded on the strength of Fess Parker's hit recording of the Ballad of Davy Crockett which was licensed to Columbia Records.[3] The Disneyland label issued its first album, A Child's Garden of Verses.[4]

History[edit]

Buena Vista Music Group[edit]

The group was founded as the Buena Vista Music Group in 1998, consisting of Walt Disney Records, Hollywood Records, Buena Vista Records and later adding Lyric Street and Mammoth Records.[5] In September 2005, BVMG signed with EMI for distribution of its album in United Kingdom, Europe, South Africa and the Middle East replacing Warner Music Group.[6] In November 2006, Disney Music Publishing and Warner/Chappell Music Inc. agreed to a licensing agreement for Europe and South America major markets. [7] In 2006, BVMG launched a concert production arm, Buena Vista Concerts starting with The Cheetah Girls: The Party’s Just Begun Tour and High School Musical: The Concert.[8]

Disney Music Group[edit]

In April 2007, Disney decided to semi-retire the Buena Vista brand from the group's name.[9] Lyric Street launched a subsidiary label, Carolwood Records, in October 2008[10] which was soon shuttered in November 2009.[11] On April 14, 2010, Disney Music Group announced the closure of the Lyric Street label with some bands transferred to other branches of Disney Music Group and others dropped altogether.[12]

Labels[edit]

Active
  • Walt Disney Records, the flagship label of the group, was founded in 1956 as Disneyland Records, so that Disney would not have to release through third-party labels not associated with the studio, such as RCA Victor or Capitol Records, which had issued Disney albums in the past. Under the Disneyland label, among its other recordings, the studio also released new soundtrack LP's of some of the animated Disney films, including, a 3-LP album set In monophonic sound of all of the classical music heard in Fantasia, perhaps the first soundtrack album containing virtually all the music from a feature-length film. (The "Meet the Soundtrack" intermission segment and the jam session were not included, and Deems Taylor's commentary was also omitted.) Disneyland Records released cover versions (rather than soundtracks) of the songs from some of the other animated films, such as Lady and the Tramp. In 1989, the label was renamed to its current branding and now releases a broad range of Disney-branded music, such as soundtracks to Walt Disney Pictures' films, original studio albums from Disney Channel artists, and compilations albums by Radio Disney.
  • Disney Music Publishing, controls the publishing rights to music from Disney's film, television, theater and theme park divisions. Ancillary entities include Walt Disney Music Company, Wonderland Music Company, Seven Peaks Music, Seven Summits Music, Five Hundred South Songs, Fuzzy Muppet Songs, Mad Muppet Melodies, Marvel Comics Music, Marvel Superheroes Music, Bantha Music, Buena Vista Music Company, Touchstone Pictures Music & Songs, Hollywood Pictures Music, HolPic Music, Agarita Music, FFM Publishing, F T S Music, Saban Music U.S.A., ABC Family Music, Falferious Music, and Balanga Music.
Defunct
  • Lyric Street Records, was an American record label specializing in country music. President Randy Goodman, formerly a general manager for RCA Records, founded the label in 1997. Among its first artists were Lari White, John Berry, Aaron Tippin, SHeDAISY and extremely popular Rascal Flatts. The label launched a short-lived subsidiary label, Carolwood Records, in October 2008. In April 2010 the label was folded into Hollywood Records.
  • Mammoth Records, the formerly independent record label was founded by Jay Faires in 1989. In 1993 it became part of a joint venture with WEA-owned Atlantic Records but hit the market again in 1997, when it was bought by the then Buena Vista Music Group, up until which it was based in North Carolina.[16] It had a very successful alternative artist roster including acts such as Antenna, Blake Babies, Chainsaw Kittens, Dash Rip Rock, Dillon Fence, Frente!, Fun-Da-Mental, Fu Manchu, Jason & the Scorchers, Joe Henry, Juliana Hatfield, Kill Creek, Machines of Loving Grace, the Bats, the Melvins, My Friend Steve, Seven Mary Three, Squirrel Nut Zippers, the Sidewinders, Vanilla Trainwreck, and Victoria Williams. In 2003, the label was folded into Hollywood Records.[17]

Distribution[edit]

Originally, Disney Music Group did not have its own distribution network, either in its native market of the US or internationally. It had a licensing deal with Warner Music Group from 1995 to 2005. Furthermore, Sony Music Entertainment was also a distributor of Hollywood Records' releases in mainland Asia. After the agreement with Warner expired, Disney engaged in distribution negotiations with other third-party companies.

In 2005, Disney relied mainly on Universal Music Group and EMI Music, given the territory. UMG's Universal Music Distribution was responsible for distribution in the United States, Canada, India and other territories across North America, South America and Asia[18] (excluding Japan, where Avex Group handled distribution since 1999[19]). Meanwhile, EMI conducted distribution in the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Australia, New Zealand and several other territories across Europe, Africa and the Middle East. In both agreements, Disney handled its own marketing and other similar functions.

In September 2012, Universal Music Group acquired EMI and initially pledged not to renew EMI's European distribution license with Disney.[20] However, in March 2013, Disney Music Group renegotiated their agreement with Universal Music Group, in which distribution and marketing rights were expanded on a worldwide basis, as a method of incuring collaboration between Disney's record labels and artists with Universal's production department.[21] This allows DMG access to Universal's large roster of award-winning music producers and songwriters. In return, UMG now will have access to Disney's extensive marketing entities (including ABC, Radio Disney, Disney Channel, ABC Radio etc.) Russian distribution, as of November 2013, was assumed by Warner Music.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Graser, Marc (27 March 2013). "Ken Bunt Promoted to President of Disney Music Group". Variety. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "California Secretary of State - Business Search". (Search for Walt Disney Music Company). 
  3. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=4AgEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA34-IA2&lpg=PA34-IA2&dq=%22vista+records%22+%2B+disneyland&source=bl&ots=e2E4z5U4G9&sig=HbdN5zKmu4-RiugOeJyAEZJaFq4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fYuKUfH6D6KxywGevoG4AQ&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=%22vista%20records%22%20%2B%20disneyland&f=false
  4. ^ Smith, Dave (1998). Disney A to Z - The Updated Official Encyclopedia. p. 593. 
  5. ^ "Lyric Street Records chief to lead CMA board". Nashville Business Journal. 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  6. ^ "Disney, EMI sign music agreement". L.A. Biz. September 6, 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Warner/Chappell Music, Disney Music extend sub-publishing agreement". L.A. Biz. November 27, 2006. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Buena Vista Concerts and AEG Live Announce Launch of the Disney Music Block Party Tour, A Dynamic Concert Festival Experience". Press Releases. NAMM. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Fixmer, Fixmer (April 25, 2007). "Disney to Drop Buena Vista Brand Name, People Say (Update1)". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Biz Bits: Disney casts wider net with new sister record label to Lyric Street". Nashville Business Journal. October 19, 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Lee, Wendy (2009-11-03). "Carolwood Records "functionally" shuttered". The Tennesseean. Retrieved 2009-11-03. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Covington, Fowler, Dickerson Follow Rascal Flatts to Disney Music Group". cmt.com. April 15, 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  13. ^ Nicholson, Jessica (November 14, 2013). "Bigger Picture Group Teams With DMG For Music Licensing". Music Row. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  14. ^ Hudak, Joseph (May 8, 2014). "Nashville Record Label Closes Up Shop". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  15. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=px4EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA26&dq=disneyland+%2B+vista+%2B+billboard+%2B+annette&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qA5TUdr2BKK5ywGPtICoDw&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=disneyland%20%2B%20vista%20%2B%20billboard%20%2B%20annette&f=false
  16. ^ Sandler, Adam (21 July 1997). "Disney inks Mammoth deal". Variety. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Waller, Don. "Faires exists Mammoth". Variety. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "UNIVERSAL MUSIC, DISNEY MUSIC FORGE LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND: Forthcoming Releases Include Jonas Brothers and Hannah Montana". Universal Music Group. 
  19. ^ "Disney Music". The Walt Disney Company and Avex Group Holdings Inc. 
  20. ^ http://www.billboard.com/biz/articles/news/1084095/universal-emi-merger-approved-by-canadian-regulators
  21. ^ "Universal Music Group (UMG) & Disney Music Group (DMG) Expand Agreement Globally". PR Newswire. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Kozlov, Vladimir (25 November 2013). "Disney, Warner Music Strike Russia Distribution Deal". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  • [www.columbia.edu/~tb2139/Bickford_TweenMusicIndustry.pdf]

External links[edit]