Bueng Kan Province

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Bueng Kan
บึงกาฬ
Province
Official seal of Bueng Kan
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Bueng Kan Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Bueng Kan Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Bueng Kan
Government
 • Governor Thongchai Lue-adun
Area
 • Total 4,305 km2 (1,662 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 407,634
 • Rank Ranked 63rd
 • Density 95/km2 (250/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 40th
Time zone Thailand Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-38[1]
Bueng Kan Province area[2]

Bueng Kan (Thai: บึงกาฬ; pronounced [bɯ̄ŋ kāːn]), also spelled Bung Kan,[3] is the 76th province (Changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011) which entered into force on and from March 23, 2011.[4] The province, consisting of the districts (Amphoe) partitioned off Nong Khai Province, is situated in the northeastern region of the country, called "Isan" (Thai: อีสาน). It is named after its central district, Mueang Bueng Kan.

Geography[edit]

The Province is located in the northeastern corner of Thailand. It borders from the south clockwise Nakhon Phanom, Sakon Nakhon and Nong Khai Province. To the north and east it borders Bolikhamsai Province of Laos, with the Mekong river forming the natural boundary.

In Bung Khla district is the Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary, protecting a forest-covered hill area close to the Mekong river.

History[edit]

In 1994, Sumet Phromphanhao, member of the House of Representatives from Nong Khai Province, proposed a province of Bueng Kan to be established by disjoining Amphoe Bueng Kan, Amphoe Seka, Amphoe So Phisai, Amphoe Bung Khla, Amphoe Bueng Khong Long, Amphoe Pak Khat, Amphoe Phon Charoen and Amphoe Si Wilai of Nong Khai Province to be considated as a new province. The new province, if created, would be 4,305-square-kilometre wide,[5] with the population density about 390,000 inhabitants.[6] At that time, the Ministry of Interior replied that creating a new province would load a heavy burden to the state budget and was contrary to the resolution of the Council of Ministers.[7]

The proposal of creating Bueng Kan Province has been deserted for about 20 years, until 2010 when the Ministry of Interior renewed the project and made a proposal to the Council of Minister for having a "Bill Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE ... (...)" (Thai: ร่างพระราชบัญญัติจัดตั้งจังหวัดบึงกาฬ พ.ศ. ...) considered.[6] In a popular poll at the same time, 98.83% of the inhabitants of Nong Khai province supported the proposal.[6] On August 3, 2010, the Council of Ministers resolved to present the bill to the National Assembly,[8][9] citing the main reasons that: the proposal met with the criteria as to the number of districts and population and as to special characters of the proposed province, and that Nong Khai Province lies along the Mekong, making it difficult to maintain adequate security along the extensive border.[10]

On February 7, 2011, the National Assembly approved the bill.[11] Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva presented it to King Bhumibol Adulyadej for royal assent. Bhumibol Adulyadej signed the bill on March 11, 2011, enacting it as the "Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011)" (Thai: พระราชบัญญัติตั้งจังหวัดบึงกาฬ พ.ศ. 2544). The Act was published in the Government Gazette on March 22, 2011 and came into force from the next day onwards.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nong Khai (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
31.6
(88.9)
34.3
(93.7)
35.7
(96.3)
33.7
(92.7)
32.5
(90.5)
32.0
(89.6)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
31.3
(88.3)
30.1
(86.2)
28.6
(83.5)
31.8
(89.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
18.6
(65.5)
21.4
(70.5)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
22.7
(72.9)
19.4
(66.9)
15.9
(60.6)
21.7
(71.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.0
(0.276)
10.5
(0.413)
30.7
(1.209)
89.5
(3.524)
240.3
(9.461)
278.5
(10.965)
249.3
(9.815)
336.7
(13.256)
275.6
(10.85)
76.6
(3.016)
12.2
(0.48)
3.3
(0.13)
1,610.2
(63.395)
Avg. rainy days 2 3 5 8 17 19 20 22 18 9 2 1 126
Source: Thai Meteorological Department[12]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bueng Kan area

The province is subdivided into 8 districts (Amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 53 subdistricts (tambon) and 615 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Bueng Kan
  2. Phon Charoen
  3. So Phisai
  4. Seka
  5. Pak Khat
  6. Bueng Khong Long
  7. Si Wilai
  8. Bung Khla

Tourist attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ISO 3166-2:TH follows the Thai standard TIS 1099, which in turn follows codes assigned by the Ministry of Interior. Though no number hasn't been assigned yet, 38 is the only still free number in the number range for the northeastern province.
  2. ^ "ครม.ตั้ง 'บึงกาฬ' จังหวัดที่77 แยกจากหนองคาย". Thairath. 2010-08-03. 
  3. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/learning/learning-from-news/281197/thailand-newest-province
  4. ^ a b "Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011)". Government Gazette (in Thai) 128 (18 A): 1. 2011-03-22. 
  5. ^ ไทยรัฐ, ครม.ตั้ง 'บึงกาฬ' จังหวัดที่77 แยกจากหนองคาย, 3 สิงหาคม 2553.
  6. ^ a b c กรุงเทพธุรกิจ, ชาวอ.บึงกาฬดีใจ มท.ชงเข้าครม.ตั้งจังหวัดใหม่, 6 พฤษภาคม 2553.
  7. ^ "Question No. 176 R.". Government Gazette (in Thai) 111 (24 A): 58. 2011-03-22. 
  8. ^ หนังสือพิมพ์เดลินิวส์ ฉบับวันพุธ ที่ 4 สิงหาคม 2553 หน้า 15
  9. ^ กรุงเทพธุรกิจ, ครม.มติเห็นชอบตั้ง'บึงกาฬ' จังหวัดที่77, 3 สิงหาคม 2553.
  10. ^ ครม. มีมติตั้ง จังหวัดบึงกาฬ เป็น จังหวัดที่ 77. กระปุกดอตคอม. สืบค้น 10-12-2553.
  11. ^ วุฒิฯจัดให้ผ่านฉลุยกฎหมายจัดตั้ง 'จังหวัดบึงกาฬ'
  12. ^ "30 year Average (1961–1990) - NONG KHAI". Thai Meteorological Department. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  13. ^ Phu Thok Temple
  14. ^ Seal of the province

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°09′22.6″N 103°45′16″E / 18.156278°N 103.75444°E / 18.156278; 103.75444