Buenos Aires Convention

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Buenos Aires Convention
Convention on Literary and Artistic Copyright
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Signatories to the Buenos Aires Convention are indicated in blue
Type multilateral
Signed 11 August 1910 (1910-08-11)
Location Buenos Aires, Argentina
Parties 18
Depositary Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Argentine Republic
Languages Spanish, English, Portuguese and French
Buenos Aires Convention at Wikisource

The Buenos Aires Convention is a copyright treaty signed at Buenos Aires on 11 August 1910 which provides for the mutual recognition of copyrights where the work carries a notice containing a statement of reservation of rights (Art. 3). This was commonly done by the use of the phrase "All rights reserved" (Spanish "Todos los derechos reservados", Portuguese "Todos os direitos reservados") next to the copyright notice. This implementation varied as US law only required the author and year of publishing. Copyright protection under the Convention is granted for the shorter of the terms of the protecting country and the source country of the work ("rule of the shorter term", Arts. 6, 7). The rather vague nature of the requirement for a statement of reservation led to the development of longer and more legalistic wordings, which have persisted despite the developments in international copyright law.

The Convention is specifically retained by the Universal Copyright Convention of 6 September 1952 (Art. 18 Geneva Act),[1] with the most recent formulation taking precedence in case of conflict. As the Buenos Aires Convention was not modified, the presence of a simple copyright notice was sufficient to ensure mutual recognition of copyright between countries which became parties to the UCC (which only Honduras never did). As of 23 August 2000 (2000-08-23), all parties to the Buenos Aires Convention are also parties to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, which provides for mutual recognition of copyright without any formalities whatsoever (Art. 5.2 Berne).[2]

The Buenos Aires Convention has become a "special agreement" in the terms of Article 20 of the Berne Convention. It remains in force, notably for determining the source country of a work and hence the term of protection which is applicable in countries which apply the "rule of the shorter term":[3] when a work is simultaneously published in a Convention State and a non-Convention State, the Convention State will be taken to be the source country regardless of the term of protection in the non-Convention State.

Country Buenos Aires Convention UCC Berne
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 19 April 1950 (1950-04-19) 13 February 1958 (1958-02-13) 10 June 1967 (1967-06-10)
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia 15 May 1914 (1914-05-15) 22 March 1990 (1990-03-22) 4 November 1993 (1993-11-04)
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 31 August 1915 (1915-08-31) 13 January 1960 (1960-01-13) 9 February 1922 (1922-02-09)
Flag of Chile.svg Chile 14 June 1955 (1955-06-14) 16 September 1955 (1955-09-16) 5 June 1970 (1970-06-05)
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia 23 December 1936 (1936-12-23) 18 June 1976 (1976-06-18) 7 March 1988 (1988-03-07)
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica 30 November 1916 (1916-11-30) 16 September 1955 (1955-09-16) 10 June 1978 (1978-06-10)
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 31 October 1912 (1912-10-31) 8 May 1983 (1983-05-08) 24 December 1997 (1997-12-24)
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador 27 April 1914 (1914-04-27) 5 June 1957 (1957-06-05) 9 October 1991 (1991-10-09)
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala 28 March 1913 (1913-03-28) 28 October 1964 (1964-10-28) 11 January 1997 (1997-01-11)
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti 27 November 1919 (1919-11-27) 16 September 1955 (1955-09-16) 11 January 1996 (1996-01-11)
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras 27 April 1914 (1914-04-27) 25 January 1990 (1990-01-25)
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 24 April 1964 (1964-04-24) 12 May 1957 (1957-05-12) 11 June 1967 (1967-06-11)
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua 15 December 1913 (1913-12-15) 16 August 1961 (1961-08-16) 23 August 2000 (2000-08-23)
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 25 November 1913 (1913-11-25) 17 October 1962 (1962-10-17) 8 June 1996 (1996-06-08)
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay 20 September 1917 (1917-09-20) 11 March 1962 (1962-03-11) 2 January 1992 (1992-01-02)
Flag of Peru.svg Peru 30 April 1920 (1920-04-30) 16 October 1963 (1963-10-16) 20 August 1988 (1988-08-20)
Flag of the United States.svg United States 1 August 1911 (1911-08-01)[4] 16 September 1955 (1955-09-16) 1 March 1989 (1989-03-01)
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay 11 May 1919 (1919-05-11) 12 April 1993 (1993-04-12) 10 July 1967 (1967-07-10)

Sources: U.S. Copyright Office,[5] UNESCO,[6] WIPO[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geneva Act of the Universal Copyright Convention, done at Geneva, 1952-09-06.
  2. ^ Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Paris Act), as amended on 1979-09-28.
  3. ^ The United States has never applied the rule of the shorter term: all copyright works are protected for the normal U.S. term of copyright.
  4. ^ The United States deposited its Instruments of Ratification with the Government of Argentina on 1911-05-01, and hence the treaty came into force with respect to the other parties three months after that date (Art. 16). The treaty was not proclaimed in the United States until 1914-07-13.
  5. ^ "International Copyright Relations of the United States", U.S. Copyright Office Circular No. 38a, August 2003.
  6. ^ Parties to the Geneva Act of the Universal Copyright Convention as of 2000-01-01: the dates given in the document are dates of ratification, not dates of coming into force. The Geneva Act came into force on 1955-09-16 for the first twelve to have ratified (which included four non-members of the Berne Union as required by Art. 9.1), or three months after ratification for other countries.
  7. ^ Parties to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works as of 2006-05-30.

External links[edit]