Buenos Aires Northern Railway

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The Buenos Aires Northern Railway (BAN) (in Spanish: Ferrocarril del Norte de Buenos Aires) was a British-owned company that operated a broad gauge 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) railway line in Argentina, in the second half of the nineteenth century.

In 1857 the government of Buenos Aires Province granted a concession to the Buenos Aires and San Fernando Railway (in Spanish: Ferrocarril de Buenos Aires a San Fernando) to build a railway from the city of Buenos Aires to San Fernando in Buenos Aires Province, a distance of 28 km. This was part of a plan to provide a rail link between the cities of Buenos Aires and Rosario. In the first instance the journey from the railhead at San Fernando to Rosario would be completed by a steamer service on the Paraná River until the line was completed. Work commenced on 25 February 1862 and soon after the company was sold to the BAN.

The line had its terminus at the Aduana Nueva (New Custom House), at the junction of Paseo Colón and Victoria streets in the centre of Buenos Aires, and reached Belgrano on 7 December 1862, San Isidro on 10 October 1863 and San Fernando on 4 February 1864. The line was extended to Tigre and to the quayside in San Fernando the following year.

In 1889 the company was taken over by the Central Argentine Railway.


  • Colin M. Lewis, British Railways in Argentina 1857–1914: A Case Study of Foreign Investment, Athlone Press (for the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London), 1983.