Buffadero Battery

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Buffadero Battery
Part of Fortifications of Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Europa Point from above.jpg
the Buffadero training centre
Buffadero Battery is located in Gibraltar
Buffadero Battery
Buffadero Battery
Type Artillery Battery
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence

Buffadero Battery was an artillery battery in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. It is located on Windmill Hill.

Description[edit]

Buffadero was the name of a village where people lived at the south end of Gibraltar before World War II. According to the Royal Engineers, Buffadero is possibly an anglicized corruption derived from the Spanish "bufido", which means "blowing" or "snorting", or it might be of Genoese origin as many Genoese workmen had been employed in Gibraltar.[1]

At the end of the nineteenth century Buffadero Battery had a BL 9.2 inch gun Mk IX–X, which was one of 14 installed in Gibraltar. The guns were intended to counter 8" guns on cruisers. At Gibraltar, these guns could fire across the Straits of Gibraltar and could hit shipping on the coast of Morocco, thus enabling Gibraltar to command the Straits.[2] A well-like cave was in close proximity to the battery.[3]

Today, the Buffadero Training Center includes two live firing ranges, an obstacle course, and a mock village. Soldiers use the village to train for urban combat.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Royal Engineers Journal. Institution of Royal Engineers. 1911. p. 26. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Finlayson, Darren Fa & Clive (2006). The fortifications of Gibraltar : 1068-1945 (1. publ. in Great Britain. ed.). Oxford [u.a.]: Osprey. p. 36. ISBN 9781846030161. 
  3. ^ Records of the Past. Records of the Past Exploration Society. 1912. p. 151. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Military history brought to life". surinenglish.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013.