Buffalo, Missouri

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Buffalo, Missouri
City
Location of Buffalo, Missouri
Location of Buffalo, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°38′37″N 93°5′40″W / 37.64361°N 93.09444°W / 37.64361; -93.09444Coordinates: 37°38′37″N 93°5′40″W / 37.64361°N 93.09444°W / 37.64361; -93.09444
Country United States
State Missouri
County Dallas
Area[1]
 • Total 2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)
 • Land 2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,201 ft (366 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,084
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,097
 • Density 1,078.3/sq mi (416.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65622
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-09514[4]
GNIS feature ID 0715000[5]

Buffalo is a city in Dallas County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,084 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Dallas County.

Buffalo is part of the Springfield, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Buffalo was laid out in 1854 by Joseph F. Miles. It was named after Miles' birthplace at Buffalo, New York.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.86 square miles (7.41 km2), all of its' land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Buffalo is the home to the Dallas County R-I School District. The school district includes a service area that includes students from western Laclede, southern Dallas, and eastern Polk counties. The school district includes elementary schools in Buffalo (Dillard A. Mallory Elementary) and Long Lane (Long Lane Elementary). Buffalo Prairie Middle School, Buffalo High School, and the Dallas County Technical Center (at Louisburg) are all part of the school district. The mascot for Dallas County R-I Schools is the Bison (commonly named Buffy). The school district is part of the Central Ozarks Conference (COC) and currently has an enrollment of approximately 1,800 students grades K-12.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,084 people, 1,266 households, and 760 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,078.3 inhabitants per square mile (416.3/km2). There were 1,518 housing units at an average density of 530.8 per square mile (204.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.3% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 1,266 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.1% male and 54.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,781 people, 1,213 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,265.1 people per square mile (488.1/km²). There were 1,367 housing units at an average density of 621.9 per square mile (239.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.91% White, 0.29% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.

There were 1,213 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,632, and the median income for a family was $26,179. Males had a median income of $24,306 versus $16,397 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,942. About 25.9% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.4% of those under age 18 and 18.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The Buffalo Municipal Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located one nautical mile (1.2 mi, 1.9 km) north of Buffalo's central business district.[7]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 283. 
  7. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for H17 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.

External links[edit]