|• Total||2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)|
|• Land||2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,201 ft (366 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,097|
|• Density||1,078.3/sq mi (416.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0715000|
Buffalo is the home to the Dallas County R-I School District. The school district includes a service area that includes students from western Laclede, southern Dallas, and eastern Polk counties. The school district includes elementary schools in Buffalo (Dillard A. Mallory Elementary) and Long Lane (Long Lane Elementary). Buffalo Prairie Middle School, Buffalo High School, and the Dallas County Technical Center (at Louisburg) are all part of the school district. The mascot for Dallas County R-I Schools is the Bison (commonly named Buffy). The school district is part of the Central Ozarks Conference (COC) and currently has an enrollment of approximately 1,800 students grades K-12.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,084 people, 1,266 households, and 760 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,078.3 inhabitants per square mile (416.3 /km2). There were 1,518 housing units at an average density of 530.8 per square mile (204.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.3% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.
There were 1,266 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.1% male and 54.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,781 people, 1,213 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,265.1 people per square mile (488.1/km²). There were 1,367 housing units at an average density of 621.9 per square mile (239.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.91% White, 0.29% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.
There were 1,213 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,632, and the median income for a family was $26,179. Males had a median income of $24,306 versus $16,397 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,942. About 25.9% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.4% of those under age 18 and 18.6% of those age 65 or over.
- Hugh Alexander, baseball player
- Philip Allen Bennett (1881-1942), Missouri Senator and Lt. Governor, US Congressman
- Warren Kennedy Bennett (1919-1977), Major General, U.S. Army
- Louis Brownlow, author
- James B. Potter, Jr. (born 1931), Los Angeles City Council member, 1963–71
- Terry D. Scott, 10th Master Chief Petty Officer of the U.S. Navy
- Jack Shewmaker (1938-2010), President and COO of Walmart
- Dr. Arthur Mallory, former President Missouri State University and former Missouri Commissioner of Education
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- FAA Airport Master Record for H17 ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
- City of Buffalo
- Buffalo Reflex newspaper
- Dallas County R-I School District
- Buffalo Area Chamber of Commerce
- Historic maps of Buffalo in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri