Buffalo, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Buffalo County, South Dakota.
Buffalo, South Dakota
Town
Location in Harding County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Harding County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°35′5″N 103°32′42″W / 45.58472°N 103.54500°W / 45.58472; -103.54500Coordinates: 45°35′5″N 103°32′42″W / 45.58472°N 103.54500°W / 45.58472; -103.54500
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Harding
Incorporated 1949[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Land 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,881 ft (878 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 330
 • Estimate (2013)[4] 335
 • Density 600.0/sq mi (231.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 57720
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-08140[5]
GNIS feature ID 1254110[6]

Buffalo is a town in Harding County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 330 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Harding County.[7]

History[edit]

Buffalo was established in 1909.[8] It was named for the large herds of buffalo that once roamed the area.

Geography[edit]

Buffalo, South Dakota, is located at 45°35′5″N 103°32′42″W / 45.58472°N 103.54500°W / 45.58472; -103.54500 (45.584845, -103.545001).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all of it land.[2]

Buffalo has been assigned the ZIP code 57720 and the FIPS place code 08140.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 380
1960 652 71.6%
1970 393 −39.7%
1980 453 15.3%
1990 488 7.7%
2000 380 −22.1%
2010 330 −13.2%
Est. 2013 335 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[4]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 330 people, 168 households, and 86 families residing in the town. The population density was 600.0 inhabitants per square mile (231.7/km2). There were 220 housing units at an average density of 400.0 per square mile (154.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.3% White, 0.9% Native American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 168 households of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.8% were non-families. 46.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the town was 43.8 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 30.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.7% male and 47.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 380 people, 176 households, and 99 families residing in the town. The population density was 693.6 people per square mile (266.8/km²). There were 243 housing units at an average density of 443.5 per square mile (170.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.21% White, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population. 26.6% were of German, 25.7% American, 15.9% Norwegian, 8.1% Irish and 6.1% Finnish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 176 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 42.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,875, and the median income for a family was $37,000. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,208. About 7.0% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-11-08. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Routledge. p. 984. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 8, 2014. 

External links[edit]