Buffalo, West Virginia
|Buffalo, West Virginia|
|— Town —|
|• Total||1.65 sq mi (4.27 km2)|
|• Land||1.40 sq mi (3.63 km2)|
|• Water||0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)|
|Elevation||568 ft (173 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||1,248|
|• Density||882.9/sq mi (340.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1536615|
Buffalo is a town in Putnam County, West Virginia, along the Kanawha River. The population was 1,236 at the 2010 census. Buffalo is a part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 287,702. New definitions from February 28, 2013 placed the population at 363,000.
Buffalo is located at .(38.616994, -81.979938)
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,236 people, 518 households, and 344 families residing in the town. The population density was 882.9 inhabitants per square mile (340.9 /km2). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 405.7 per square mile (156.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.4% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.
There were 518 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.6% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the town was 42.8 years. 21% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.7% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,171 people, 490 households, and 338 families residing in Buffalo. The population density was 828.4 inhabitants per square mile (320.7/km²). There were 559 housing units at an average density of 395.4 per square mile (153.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.18% White, 0.09% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.17% Asian, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.
There were 490 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $26,481, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $29,519 versus $16,106 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,005. About 12.8% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
Toyota Manufacturing plant, covering over one million square feet, is located in Buffalo. Transmissions and 4- and 6-cylinder engines are manufactured.
Along with numerous sites in the Kanawha River Valley, Buffalo was originally settled by waves of ancient cultures of prehistoric indigenous peoples. Clovis points indicate the presence of inhabitants more than 10,000 years ago. One of the last cultures, that of the Fort Ancient people, had a few villages such as Buffalo and Marmet that survived into the time of European exploration. Archaeologists have found European trade items among Fort Ancient artifacts.
Historic tribes such as the Huron, from the Great Lakes region, and the Conoy (also spelled Conois and Kanawha) were driven out of the central valley by Iroquois' invading from their base in present-day western New York. Many of the Conoy by the early 17th century had resettled on the west side of the Chesapeake Bay and below the Potomac River. After decades of encroachment by English colonists, surviving Conoy (also called Piscataway by then) went north to Pennsylvania and allied with the Susquehannock and Iroquois.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Buffalo town, West Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 28, 2011.
- "Population statistics".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Dr. Robert F. Maslowski, "The Kanawha Valley and its Prehistoric People", 2002, Council on West Virginia Archaeology, accessed 31 Oct 2009
- Dr. Robert J. Dilger and James Marshall, "Kanawha County History", Institute for Public Affairs, West Virginia University, 21 Feb 2002, accessed 31 Oct 2009