Buffalo City, Wisconsin

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Buffalo City, Wisconsin
City
Coordinates: 44°13′59″N 91°51′44″W / 44.23306°N 91.86222°W / 44.23306; -91.86222Coordinates: 44°13′59″N 91°51′44″W / 44.23306°N 91.86222°W / 44.23306; -91.86222
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Buffalo
Chartered 1859
Area[1]
 • Total 6.04 sq mi (15.64 km2)
 • Land 2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Water 3.93 sq mi (10.18 km2)
Elevation[2] 669 ft (204 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,023
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 998
 • Density 484.8/sq mi (187.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 55-11062[5]
GNIS feature ID 1562364[2]
Website Town of Buffalo City, Wisconsin

Buffalo City is a city in Buffalo County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 1,023 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The name may be derived from a buffalo animal husbandry operation in the past. The city was chartered in 1859.[6] At that time it was the only city in Buffalo County and possibly the smallest city in the United States.[7]

The town may have been named for three brothers who raised buffalo on a bluff overlooking the city.[6]

Geography[edit]

Buffalo City is located at 44°13′59″N 91°51′44″W / 44.23306°N 91.86222°W / 44.23306; -91.86222 (44.233180, -91.862219).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.04 square miles (15.64 km2), of which, 2.11 square miles (5.46 km2) is land and 3.93 square miles (10.18 km2) is water.[1]

It is located west of Cochrane, Wisconsin on the shore of Spring Lake, a backwater of the Mississippi River.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,023 people, 464 households, and 312 families residing in the city. The population density was 484.8 inhabitants per square mile (187.2 /km2). There were 577 housing units at an average density of 273.5 per square mile (105.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 464 households of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.8% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.60.

The median age in the city was 49.3 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.7% were from 25 to 44; 32.5% were from 45 to 64; and 22.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,040 people, 445 households, and 320 families residing in the city. The population density was 486.2 people per square mile (187.6/km²). There were 492 housing units at an average density of 230.0 per square mile (88.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.56% White, 0.19% African American, 0.48% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

There were 445 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,318, and the median income for a family was $48,906. Males had a median income of $30,250 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,392. About 1.9% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Education[edit]

Cochrane is part of the Cochrane-Fountain City School district. The school's athletic teams, the Pirates, compete in the Dairyland Conference. The C-FC Pirates' cross-country team was the Wisconsin Division III boys' state champion four consecutive years, from 1993 to 1996, and girls' state champion in 1996, 1998, and 1999. The Pirates have won five consecutive girl's volleyball conference championships, from 2009 to 2012. The girl's softball team has won four consecutive conference championships, from 2009 to 2012.

Recreation[edit]

The area is popular for fishermen and boaters, since it provides several public docks allowing access to the Mississippi River, which widens to roughly three miles when it reaches Buffalo City. There are a large number of sandy islands in the river that allow people to camp without permits.

In the winter months, snowmobiling and ice fishing are popular activities with local residents.

Landmarks[edit]

Buffalo City is home to the original Buffalo County Jail, which was built in 1862 and is now part of the city's park between 10th and 12th streets. Another unusual feature of the city is a large Viking statue, located at the corner of River Road and W 17th Street.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "About Buffalo City". Town of Buffalo City, Wisconsin. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.oktec.com/buffalo_city/
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Buffalo City, WI - Viking Statue". Roadside America. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]