Buffalo riot of 1862
The Buffalo Riot of 1862 was a civil disturbance on the afternoon of August 12, 1862 by Irish and German stevedores against local dock bosses. The rioters demanded increased pay and prevented others from working at the old rates. They initially overpowered police, seriously injuring the chief of police and other officers, but were forced to surrender after police opened fire, wounding two. Although the mayor had called for the New York State Militia, police arrested the ringleaders before the militia was needed.
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- "RIOT IN BUFFALO. Strike of Irish and German Stevedores – The Police Force Overpowered – Final Arrest of the Ringleaders.". The New York Times. August 13, 1862. Retrieved 2009-06-09. "A very serious disturbance occurred yesterday afternoon on the docks, caused by the Irish and German stevedores demanding increased pay for their work, and preventing others from working at the old rates."