Bufo koynayensis Soman, 1963
Xanthophryne koynayensis (common names: Humbali Village toad, chrome-yellow toad, Koyna toad) is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family. It is endemic to the Western Ghats of India where it is known from Koyna (including Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary), Maharashtra. Formerly included in the genus Bufo it has been since made the type species for the genus Xanthophryne and is a sister species of Xanthophryne tigerina.
Xanthophryne koynayensis are relatively small toads: adult males measure 24–32 mm (0.94–1.26 in) in snout–vent length.
Xanthophryne koynayensis is a rare species. Its natural habitats are moist to wet evergreen forest and dry riparian grassland. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by agriculture and clear cutting of forests.
- Biju, S.D., Dutta, S. & Inger, R. (2004). "Xanthophryne koynayensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Xanthophryne koynayensis (Soman, 1963)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Biju, S.D., Ines Van Bocxlaer, Varad B Giri, Simon P Loader and Franky Bossuyt (2009). "Two new endemic genera and a new species of toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Western Ghats of India". BMC Research Notes 2: 241. doi:10.1186/1756-0500-2-241.
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