Bufo nebulifer

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Coastal plains toad
Bufo nebulifer.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Incilius
Species: I. nebulifer
Binomial name
Incilius nebulifer
Girard, 1843
Bufo nebulifer distribution.svg

Cranopsis nebulifer

Bufo nebulifer

Incilius nebulifer or the coastal plains toad is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family. It is found in Mexico and the United States. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate grassland, intermittent rivers, swamps, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, sandy shores, urban areas, and canals and ditches. Much of the literature refers to this species as Bufo valliceps, but the species has been split, and Bufo valliceps occurs along the gulf coast from Mexico up to Louisiana.


  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C. Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Hammerson, G. & Canseco-Márquez, L. 2004. Bufo nebulifer. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 21 July 2007.
  • Frost, D. R.; Grant, T.; Faivovich, J. N.; Bain, R. H.; Haas, A.; Haddad, C. L. F. B.; De Sá, R. O.; Channing, A.; Wilkinson, M.; Donnellan, S. C.; Raxworthy, C. J.; Campbell, J. A.; Blotto, B. L.; Moler, P.; Drewes, R. C.; Nussbaum, R. A.; Lynch, J. D.; Green, D. M.; Wheeler, W. C. (2006). "The Amphibian Tree of Life". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–291. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/5781.  edit