Bufo parietalis

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Indian toad
Bufo parietalis side.jpg
BufoParietalis1.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: B. parietalis
Binomial name
Bufo parietalis
(Boulenger, 1882)
Synonyms

Duttaphrynus parietalis

The Indian toad or ridged toad (Bufo parietalis) is a species of toad found in the Western Ghats of India.[2]

Description[edit]

Bufo parietalis amplexus.jpg

Head with very prominent ridges, namely a canthal, a slight preorbital, a supraorbital, a postorbital, a parietal, and an orbitotympanic; parietal ridges obliquely directed inwards; snout short, blunt; interorbital space broader than the upper eyelid; tympanum distinct, two thirds the diameter of the eye. First finger extending beyond second; toes half webbed, with single subarticular tubercles; two moderate metatarsal tubercles; no tarsal fold. The tarsometatarsal articulation reaches between the eye and the tip of the snout. Upper surfaces covered with irregular warts; parotoids moderately elongate, elliptical, very prominent. Uniform brown above; beneath marbled with brown. Male with a subgular vocal sac.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biju, S.D., Dutta, S., Vasudevan, K., Vijayakumar, S.P., Srinivasulu, C., Bhuddhe, G.D. (2004). Duttaphrynus parietalis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 January 2013. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is near threatened
  2. ^ Krishna, S. N. Krishna, S. B. 2001. On the natural history of Bufo parietalis Boulenger, 1882, Amphibia: Family Bufonidae. Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 98(3):456
  3. ^ Boulenger, G. A. 1890. Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia.

External links[edit]