Bufotes pseudoraddei

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Batura Toad
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufotes
Species: B. pseudoraddei
Binomial name
Bufotes pseudoraddei
(Mertens, 1971)
  • Bufo pseudoraddei
  • Pseudepidalea pseudoraddei

The Batura Toad, Batura Glacier Toad, or Swat Green Toad (Bufotes pseudoraddei) is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family. It is found in Pakistan and possibly Afghanistan. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pastureland, plantations, and rural gardens.


  • STÖCK M., M. SCHMID, C. STEINLEIN AND W.-R. GROSSE (1999). Mosaicism in somatic triploid specimens of the Bufo viridis complex in the Karakoram with examination of calls, morphology and taxonomic conclusions. Ital. J. Zool. (Modena) 66 (3): 215-232.
  • STÖCK M., D. FRYNTA, W.-R. GROSSE, C. STEINLEIN, M. SCHMID (2001). A review of the distribution of diploid, triploid and tetraploid green toads (Bufo viridis complex) in Asia including new data from Iran and Pakistan. Asiatic Herp. Res. (Berkeley) 9: 77-100.
  • STÖCK M., R. GÜNTHER AND W. BÖHME (2001). Progress towards a taxonomic revision of the Asian Bufo viridis group: Current status of nominal taxa and unsolved problems (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae). Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden. 51: 253–319.
  • STÖCK M., MORITZ C., HICKERSON M., FRYNTA D., DUJSEBAYEVA T., EREMCHENKO V., MACEY J.R., PAPENFUSS T. J., AND WAKE D. B. (2006). Evolution of mitochondrial relationships and biogeography of Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup) with insights in their genomic plasticity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 41:663-689.