Duttaphrynus stomaticus (Lütken, 1864)
Indus Valley toad or marbled toad Bufo stomaticus is a species of toad found in Asia from Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan to Nepal extending into Peninsular India from the plains to about 1800m. It is particularly common in the Indus valley.
This toad lacks cranial crests and the space between the eyes is broader than the upper upper eyelid. The tympanum of the ear is two-thirds the diameter of the eye. The first and second fingers are nearly equal and there is a single sub-articular tubercle. A spiny ridge is found on the tarsus. There is a tibial gland and the parotoid is longer than broad. Three dark bands run transversely on the forearm. The underside is whitish with dark mottling on the throat.
Represents the National amphibian of Pakistan (unofficial).
- Matthias Stöck, Muhammad Sharif Khan, Theodore Papenfuss, Steven Anderson, Sergius Kuzmin, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Sushil Dutta, Annemarie Ohler, Saibal Sengupta, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Steven Anderson, Mozafar Sharifi (2009). "Duttaphrynus stomaticus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- Khan, MS (2002) Riparian Tadpoles of Punjab, Pakistan: Bufo stomaticus Lütkin, 1862. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 37(12):216-219 PDF
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