Buga, Valle del Cauca

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For other uses, see Buga (disambiguation).
Buga
Municipality and town
Buga desde el faro.JPG
Flag of Buga
Flag
Official seal of Buga
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Buga, Valle del Cauca in the Valle del Cauca Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Buga, Valle del Cauca in the Valle del Cauca Department of Colombia.
Buga is located in Colombia
Buga
Buga
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 3°54′N 76°18′W / 3.900°N 76.300°W / 3.900; -76.300
Country  Colombia
Department Valle del Cauca Department
Founded 1535
Incorporated 1884
Government
 • Mayor Harold Jhon Vargas Suárez
Area
 • Total 832 km2 (321 sq mi)
Elevation 969 m (3,179 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 98,203
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Demonym Bugueño
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 57 + 2
Website Official website (Spanish)

Buga (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbuɣa]), formally Guadalajara de Buga, is a city and municipality in the Valle del Cauca Department of Colombia. It is famous for its Basilica del Señor de los Milagros, which houses an image of Christ called el Señor de los Milagros ("the Lord of the Miracles").

Buga is a town with a cattle industry. It is 46 miles (74 km) from Cali.[1]

History[edit]

Guadalajara de Buga, which is the city´s formal name, is one of the oldest cities in Colombia; founded in 1555 under the order of the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar and known as Buga la Real ("the Royal Buga" ) or La Ciudad Señora (“the Lady City”). It was the home of many wealthy families coming from Spain and settling in the New World.

King Philip II of Spain gave Guadalajara de Buga its city status officially at the end of the 16th century and also granted its coat of arms for the many services rendered to the crown. During colonial era, Buga was in the Royal Audience of Quito, initially part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and from 1739 until the creation of the Republic of La Gran Colombia, part of the Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada. After the dissolution of the Gran Colombia, it became part of the Republic of Nueva Granada (modern-day Colombia, since the newly created Ecuador, successor of the Royal Audience of Quito, did not summon representatives from Cauca to its first congress.

During the years of Independence, Simón Bolívar, called el libertador ("the liberator”), visited the city on two occasions, for which commemoration plates were placed.

American Airlines Flight 965 crashed into a mountain near Buga on 20 December 1995.

Rio Guadalajara, Buga, Valle del Cauca, Colombia

Culture[edit]

Throughout Colombia, when the driver and front-seat passenger in a car are both male while all the back-seat passengers female, this arrangement is referred to as a paseo bugueño, a Buga-style excursion.

Currently the city receives over 3 million pilgrims per year to visit the Basilica of The Lord of the Miracles.

There is the cultural centre (Casa de la cultura) that offers art and literary training. It is an old-style house located on 6th Street 11-11, open since 1962.

Lighthouse In Land in Guadalajara de Buga, Valle Colombia
HOTEL GUADALAJARA
Basilica del Señor de los Milagros, Guadalajara de Buga, Valle del Cauca, Colombia
Panoramic of Guadalajara de Buga from "Mount Derrumbado"

Twin city[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sider, Don. "Miracle on the Mountain." People. January 8, 1996. Volume 45, No. 1. Retrieved on January 4, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 3°54′N 76°18′W / 3.900°N 76.300°W / 3.900; -76.300