Lake Tharthar

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"Tharthar" redirects here. For the wife of Stilgar in the book by Frank Herbert, see Dune (novel).
Lake Tharthar
04 metu Buhayrat 300 2.jpg
Landsat 5 (1990)
Location Al Anbar Province
Coordinates 33°58′N 43°11′E / 33.967°N 43.183°E / 33.967; 43.183Coordinates: 33°58′N 43°11′E / 33.967°N 43.183°E / 33.967; 43.183
Basin countries Iraq
Surface area 2,710 km2 (1,050 sq mi) [1]
Average depth 40 m (130 ft) to 65 m (213 ft) [1]
Water volume 35.18 km3 (8.44 cu mi) to 85.59 km3 (20.53 cu mi) [1]
References [1]

Lake Tharthar (also Therthar), and known in Iraq as Buhayrat ath-Tharthar (Arabic: بحيرة الثرثار‎), is a lake situated 120 kilometers north of Baghdad between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. It is the largest lake in Iraq. The construction of several dams has made it an important source for irrigation. Its size shrinks and expands dramatically with the seasons. The lake is deep and nutrient poor;[clarification needed] there is very little vegetation except for sparse shrubs, some dense patches of growth and scattered Ziziphus trees. The area is farmed thanks to the use of tube-wells. A few sheep also graze in the area. The lake is threatened due to overfishing. This area was known colloquially as Wadi Tharthar.