|Location||535 Griswold Street
|Roof||111.6 m (366 ft)|
|Top floor||107.0 m (351.0 ft)|
|Floor area||117,382 sq ft (10,905.1 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Wirt C. Rowland
|Architectural style||Neo-Gothic / Romanesque|
|Part of||Detroit Financial District (#09001067)|
|Designated CP||December 14, 2009|
The Buhl Building is a skyscraper and class-A office center in downtown Detroit, Michigan. Architect Wirt C. Rowland designed the Buhl in a Neo-Gothic style with Romanesque accents. Constructed in 1925, it stands at 26 stories in the Detroit Financial District across Congress Street from the Penobscot Building and across Griswold Street from the Guardian Building, all of which were designed by Wirt C. Rowland. The Buhl Building stands on the corner of Congress St. West, and Griswold St. in Downtown Detroit. The building stands atop what used to be the Savoyard Creek near its confluence with the Detroit River. In 1836, the creek was covered and turned into a sewer. The Savoyard Club occupied the 27th floor of the Buhl Building from 1928 until its membership dwindled and the club closed in 1994. Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation has its headquarters in the building.
The Citizen's Bank Building in downtown Saginaw, Michigan was modeled after the Buhl Building.
The architectural sculpture on the building was designed by Corrado Parducci.
Wirt C. Rowland, architect of the Penobscot Building, Guardian Building, and the Buhl Building was born and raised in Clinton, Michigan. In 1901, he landed a job as an office boy for the Detroit firm of Rogers & MacFarlane, quickly moving on to the prestigious George D. Mason firm. In 1909, he joined the office of Albert Kahn, who had also apprenticed under Mason. In 1910, with the encouragement of both Mason and Kahn, Rowland attended the Harvard Graduate School of Design in Cambridge, MA for a year.
The combination of Rowland's natural design talent, Harvard education, and Detroit's healthy economy positioned him to make major contributions to the city's architecture. Rowland is a case study in design attribution. In 1911, in the office of Kahn, he and Ernest Wilby are said to have been primarily responsible for the Hill Auditorium at the University of Michigan. Rowland worked for the local firm of Malcomson & Higginbotham until 1915. He then returned to Kahn's office, contributing to the firm's classic projects, namely the Hatcher Graduate Library at the University of Michigan, the Detroit News Building, the First National Building (1922), and the General Motors Building (1922) renamed Cadillac Place.
Rowland's career peaked as Head Designer (1922–1930) of Smith, Hinchman & Grylls (SmithGroup). There, he designed a dozen major structures in downtown Detroit; among these are a number of the city's most accomplished and evocative buildings. To a large extent, Rowland helped define Detroit's architectural genre. For the Guardian Building, he had assembled a multitude of artisans, mosaicists, sculptors, painters, and tile manufacturers including Corrado Parducci, muralist Ezra Winter, and tile from the Rookwood and Pewabic pottery companies. He thus recreated the architectural synthesis of a medieval cathedral. Hence, Rowland had reached a climax when his Union Trust/Guardian Building became known as "the Cathedral of Finance."
The Guardian Building opened in 1930. With the onset of the Great Depression, Rowland was laid off from Smith, Hinchman & Grylls. As a result he formed his own office where his work decreased to a small number of churches, schools and construction projects. Late in life, he returned to a purer, Gothic idiom for his last few projects, notably the Kirk in the Hills church which was finished after he died in 1946. During World War II, the Guardian Building would serve as headquarters for war time production.
Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation has its headquarters in the building, and the Consulate of Italy in Detroit is located in Suite 1840.
Other tenants:
- Turner Construction Company
- PNC Bank
- Quiznos Subs
- Diamond Drop Shoe Shine
- Municipal Advisory Council of Michigan
- Frank's in the Buhl Deli
- Joan Anderson Travel Service
- Buhl Barber
- Xact Duplicating Services
- Consulate of Italy in Detroit
- Plunkett Cooney P.C.
- Consulate of the Netherlands
- State of Michigan Attorney Grievance Commission
Buhl Building in the shadow of the Penobscot Building
- Art Deco
- Fisher Building
- Guardian Building
- Penobscot Building
- Ford Building
- List of tallest buildings in Detroit
- Buhl Building at Emporis
- Buhl Building at SkyscraperPage
- Buhl Building at Structurae
- "Contact SMART". Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Welcome to the web site of the Consulate of Italy in Detroit". Consulate of Italy in Detroit. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- Attorney Grievance Commission (2011). "Contact us". State of Michigan. Retrieved 15 November 2011. l
- Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Shadowing Parducci, unpublished manuscript, Detroit.
- Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C.P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. (1980). Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4.
- Sharoff, Robert (2005). American City: Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3270-6.
- Savage, Rebecca Binno and Greg Kowalski (2004). Art Deco in Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia. ISBN 0-7385-3228-2.
- Sobocinski, Melanie Grunow (2005). Detroit and Rome: building on the past. Regents of the University of Michigan. ISBN 0-933691-09-2.
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