Buick LaCrosse

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Buick LaCrosse
2010 Buick LaCrosse 1 -- 09-07-2009.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Production September 7, 2004–present[1]
Model years 2005–present
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size car
Chronology
Predecessor Buick Century
Buick Regal

The Buick LaCrosse is a mid-size sedan produced by the American manufacturer General Motors since 2004. It replaced the Century and Regal in North America beginning in the 2005 model year.


First generation (2005–2009)[edit]

North America[edit]

First generation (North America)
2005-2007 Buick LaCrosse -- 03-21-2012 2.JPG
Overview
Also called Buick Allure (Canada)
Production September 7, 2004[1]–December 23, 2008
Model years
  • 2005–2009
  • 2007-2009 (China)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform W-body
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4-speed 4T65-E automatic
  • 4-speed 4T65E-HD automatic
  • 6-speed automatic (China)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 110.5 in (2,807 mm)
Length
  • 198.1 in (5,032 mm)
  • 196.8 in (4,998 mm) (China)
Width
  • 73.0 in (1,854 mm)
  • 72.9 in (1,851 mm) (China)
Height
  • 57.4 in (1,458 mm)
  • 57.5 in (1,461 mm) (China)
Chronology
Successor Buick Regal (2011)

The LaCrosse made its debut in late 2004 as a 2005 model to replace the Century and Regal. Riding on a revised version of the W-body known as MS2000, the LaCrosse was initially available with two powerplant choices in three trim levels: a 3.8 L 3800 Series III V6 available in base CX and mid-level CXL forms, and a 3.6 L HFV6 V6 in the top line CXS model. Power is routed to the front wheels via a 4T65-E automatic transmission (4T65-E HD on Supers).

The name was inspired by a Buick concept car of the same name shown in 2000 and also used as a reference to the sport of lacrosse, seen as popular with a younger, more active demographic to which Buick sought to market.

It was originally sold as Buick Allure in Canada because "la crosse" means 'masturbation' (or 'swindle'[2]) in Quebec French slang.[3] It was once Buick's best-selling vehicle in Canada until 2008, when the Enclave became the brand's best-seller (which it remains as of 2010).

The LaCrosse, along with all other GM vehicles powered by the 3.8 L V6, became the first SULEV-compliant vehicles for 2006.

The last first-generation LaCrosse rolled off the assembly line on December 23, 2008.[citation needed]

2008[edit]

The LaCrosse received a minor refresh for 2008. The vehicle's front end design was based on the Buick Velite concept, which was later used by the Chinese LaCrosse.[4] New body color choices included Scarlett Red, Gold Mist Metallic, Dark Mocha Metallic and Dark Slate Metallic.

All trim levels gained a chrome exterior appearance package, factory remote start feature, XM Satellite Radio, telescoping steering wheel column, redundant steering wheel controls and dual-zone climate control as added standard equipment. CX added a leather-wrapped steering wheel, theft deterrent system, illuminated vanity mirrors, driver information center personalization and more.[5]

Super[edit]

2009 Buick LaCrosse Super

A new trim of the LaCrosse bearing the Super moniker debuted for 2008. The LaCrosse Super was positioned as a higher-performance model of the sedan with revised front end styling influenced by the 2004 Velite concept car, as well as 4 ventiports (reflecting a V8 engine under the hood), a rear spoiler, projector beam fog lights, Magnasteer, larger brakes, and revised suspension tuning with standard Stabilitrak. Interior changes included special Super badged cluster with blue face, a wood grain shift knob, and dream weave leather seating. Interior colors for the Super were Platinum and Mocha Brown, while exterior color choices were Mocha Brown Metallic, Black Onyx, Red Jewel Tincoat, and Platinum Metallic. Power came from the 5.3 L LS4 small-block V8 engine featuring Active Fuel Management technology,[6] which is routed to the front wheels. The combination of a V8 and front-wheel drive are not often utilized due to torque steer which is present in any front-wheel-drive car. This powertrain was also found on the Grand Prix GXP, Impala SS, and Monte Carlo SS. The Super model was the fastest modern production Buick ever built, with a factory top speed of 150 mph (240 km/h), and 0-60 mph times of 5.7 seconds. Only the Buick GNX of the 1980s was given such performance ratings until the Super was introduced. The LaCrosse Super was discontinued in 2009.

Safety[edit]

In the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's crash tests the LaCrosse received a Good overall score in the frontal impact crash test and a Marginal overall rating in the side impact test.[7] Injury measurements for the side impact crash test include a Poor mark for the driver's torso and a Marginal score for the driver's pelvis/leg. Side airbags are limited to the curtain type for both front and rear rows, the torso type side airbag is unavailable.[8] 2007 models earned also only one out of five stars in a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration side-impact crash test.[9] The IIHS also found that 2006-08 model year LaCrosse had second highest fatality rate in the large 4-door car class, only the Buick Lucerne faired worse.[10]

Models[edit]

Years Models Engine Displacement Horsepower Torque EPA Fuel Economy
2005–2009 CX
CXL
3.8 L L26 V6 231 cu in (3791 cc) 200 hp (149 kW) @ 5200 rpm 230 lb·ft (312 N·m) @ 4000 rpm City: 17 mpg-US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg-imp)
Hwy: 28 mpg-US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg-imp)
2005–2008 CXS 3.6 L LY7 V6 217 cu in (3564 cc) 240 hp (179 kW) @ 6000 rpm 225 lb·ft (305 N·m) @ 2000 rpm City: 17 mpg-US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg-imp)
Hwy: 25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp)
2008-2009 Super 5.3 L LS4 V8 325 cu in (5327 cc) 300 hp (224 kW) @ 5600 rpm 323 lb·ft (438 N·m) @ 4000 rpm City: 16 mpg-US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg-imp)
Hwy: 24 mpg-US (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpg-imp)
Source:[11]

The CXS was replaced by the Super in the US market for 2008.[12] However, sales of the CXS continued in Canada until January 1, 2008.[13]

China[edit]

Buick LaCrosse (China)

For the 2007 model year, Shanghai GM introduced the Buick LaCrosse as a more upscale companion to its Buick Regal sedan.[14] Designed by Shanghai GM's Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center (PATAC), the Chinese LaCrosse is based on the same architecture as the North American model, but possesses different exterior and interior designs, and a different engine lineup. The car is also built in Taiwan by a joint Yulon-GM venture.

Eco-Hybrid[edit]

In 2008, Shanghai GM introduced a mild hybrid system on the LaCrosse. Using the Belt Alternator Starter system, it is the first hybrid vehicle in the Chinese market as well as the first hybrid in its segment.[15]

Second generation (2010–present)[edit]

Second generation
2010 Buick LaCrosse CXS -- 08-12-2010.jpg
Overview
Also called Buick Allure (Canada, 2010 only)
GM Korea Alpheon (South Korea, 2010–)
Production June 15, 2009[citation needed]–present
Model years 2010–present
Assembly Kansas City, Kansas, United States
Shanghai, China (Shanghai GM)
Bupyeong, South Korea (GM Korea)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel-drive
Platform Epsilon II platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 111.7 in (2,837 mm)
Length 196.9 in (5,001 mm)
Width 73.1 in (1,857 mm)
Height 59.2 in (1,504 mm)

Arriving as a 2010 model, the second-generation Buick Lacrosse is built upon the mid-size Epsilon II platform in its long-wheel-base (LWB) version, which is also the basis for the Opel Insignia and the 2010 Saab 9-5.[16] The design was based on 2008 Buick Invicta concept, and replaces both the Chinese and North American models. Buick states that the new LaCrosse will be "America's Lexus fighter".[17] With the new 2011 Regal and the demise of Lucerne,[18] the LaCrosse is no longer seen as Buick's entry-level model, but as its premium sports sedan, and is the brand's flagship sedan.

The LaCrosse was unveiled at the 2009 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan.[19] The car was also shown at the 2009 Montreal International Auto Show as the Buick Allure,[20] however, soon after production had begun, General Motors Canada renamed the Allure to LaCrosse, to correspond with the car's global marketing.[3] GM Canada has offered existing Allure owners the option to change nameplates to LaCrosse.[21]

Production of North American models was moved from Oshawa to the Fairfax Assembly plant in Kansas City, Kansas.[22] Delivery of 2010 year models was delayed a few weeks in order to assure quality control.[23]

The 2.4 L Ecotec four-cylinder replaced the 3.0 V6 as the standard engine on the CX model in the first quarter of 2010.[24] The 3.6 L V6 continues to be an option on the CX and front-wheel drive CXL and standard on the CXS and all-wheel drive CXL.[25]

The 2010 Buick LaCrosse CXS is the first North American car to incorporate a front suspension design called HiPer Strut. This suspension design improves ride and handling and reduces torque steer.[26] The Buick LaCrosse CXS includes a Real Time Damping System that adjusts the damping forces of the shocks and struts for improved ride and handling.[27]

The LaCrosse will be sold in Mexico starting in 2010, as the Buick brand returns to the country after 13 years of absence.[28]

In late February 2012 the Chinese government took the Buick Lacrosse (along with all other foreign vehicles) off of the list of vehicles approved for government procurement.[29] Though popular among government officials the Lacrosse also thrives via private purchases. Effects on sales remains to be seen.

eAssist[edit]

The 2012 Lacrosse features a new mild hybrid as its base model. Dubbed eAssist, the 2012 Lacrosse introduced GM's second generation Belt-Alternator-Starter system. The non-hybrid 4-cylinder is no longer offered. The system consists of a 115-volt lithium-ion battery pack, a 15 kW electric motor capable of adding 15 horsepower of assist while accelerating, and the next generation 6T40 GM Hydramatic transmission with reduced friction components over the previous generation. The eAssist LaCrosse delivers a class leading fuel economy of 25 mpg city and 36 mpg highway. In addition to providing additional power to the 182 hp 2.4-liter 4-cylinder, the BAS-II system allows for engine start/stop operation when the vehicle isn't moving and allows for complete fuel cut off to the engine during deceleration.[30]

Alpheon[edit]

Alpheon Sedan

The Alpheon is a localized version of Buick LaCrosse for the South Korean market. Alpheon is a standalone brand from GM Korea. "Alpheon"s are fitted with things like controls in the rear armrest, mood lights and more. A version of the vehicle (with 3.0-liter V-6 engine, six-speed automatic transmission) was unveiled at the 2010 Busan International Motor Show.[31]

Production began on Aug. 9, 2010 at GM Daewoo's factory in Bupyeong, Gyeonggi Province. Market launch began in September 2010. Early model includes a model with 3.0-liter engine (from 2010 Buick LaCrosse) in mid-September, followed by two models each with 2.4-liter engine in October.[32][33]

Roewe 950[edit]

The Roewe 950 is a licensed restyled Chinese version of the Buick Lacrosse produced by Roewe of SAIC. It is sold alongside the Buick Lacrosse in China, and has a price range similar to that of the Lacrosse. The sheet metal, while similar in appearance, is unique to the Roewe.

Facelift[edit]

Buick LaCrosse, 2014 refresh (U.S. market)

Buick unveiled a revised LaCrosse at the 2013 New York Auto Show. Redesigned front and rear fascias, new wheel designs, a reconfigurable 8 inch TFT instrument cluster, semi-aniline leather seating, and radar- and camera-based safety features such as Forward Collision Alert highlight the changes for this mid-cycle refresh.

Engines[edit]

Years Models Type Power Torque
2010 CX, CXL (FWD) 2.4 L Ecotec I4 182 hp (136 kW) 172 lb·ft (233 N·m)
CX, CXL 3.0 L LF1 V6 (2,994 cc (183 cu in)) 255 hp (190 kW) at 6,950 rpm 217 lb·ft (294 N·m) at 5,600 rpm
CXS 3.6 L LLT V6 (3,564 cc (217 cu in)) 280 hp (209 kW) at 6,400 rpm 259 lb·ft (351 N·m) at 5,200 rpm
2011 CX, CXL (FWD) 2.4 L Ecotec I4 182 hp (136 kW) 172 lb·ft (233 N·m)
All 3.6 L LLT V6 (3,564 cc (217 cu in)) 280 hp (209 kW) at 6,400 rpm 259 lb·ft (351 N·m) at 5,200 rpm
2012[34] FWD (Base–Premium 1) 2.4 L Ecotec I4 with eAssist 182 hp (136 kW) 172 lb·ft (233 N·m)
FWD (except Base), AWD 3.6 L LFX V6 (3,564 cc (217 cu in)) 303 hp (226 kW) at 6,800 rpm 264 lb·ft (358 N·m) at 5,300 rpm

All models are equipped with the Hydra-Matic 6T70 6-speed automatic transmission.

Yearly sales[edit]

Calendar year United States China
2004[35] 10,995
2005 92,669
2006[36] 71,072
2007 47,747
2008[37] 36,873
2009 27,818[38] 43,429[39]
2010[40] 61,178
2011 58,474[41] 103,366[42]
2012 57,076
2013 48,798[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ward's Automotive Yearbook 2005. Ward's Communications, Inc. 2005. p. 115. 
  2. ^ Arcand, Denis (September 14, 2009). "La Buick LaCrosse ? Un nom pas d'Allure...". Cyberpresse.ca. 
  3. ^ a b Cancilla, Patricia (September 3, 2009). "Buick Allure now LaCrosse in Canada". National Post. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  4. ^ Nunez, Alex (November 26, 2006). "China's Buick LaCrosse is cooler than ours". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  5. ^ Neff, John (March 27, 2007). "New York Preview: 2008 Buick LaCrosse gets facelift". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  6. ^ "'Super' Buicks: The Return". The Crittenden Automotive Library. Retrieved May 5, 2007. 
  7. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Buick LaCrosse". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  8. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Buick LaCrosse". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  9. ^ Neff, John (February 13, 2007). "Buick LaCrosse shamed with one-star crash performance, receives tweaks". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  10. ^ http://www.iihs.org/externaldata/srdata/docs/sr4605.pdf
  11. ^ 2008 specs[dead link]
  12. ^ "2008 Buick LaCrosse & LaCrosse Super". GM Media Online. August 1, 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-13. [dead link]
  13. ^ "2008 Buick Allure & Allure Super". GM Media Online. 
  14. ^ "2007 Buick LaCrosse for the Chinese market". Auto Review Automotive Blog. 2006-02-27. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  15. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (January 22, 2008). "Buick LaCrosse Hybrid debuts in China". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  16. ^ 2010 Buick Lacrosse revealed (with video) - Left Lane News
  17. ^ 2010 Buick LaCrosse - Auto Shows - Car and Driver
  18. ^ Lassa, Todd (July 2009). "Buick Future Car Plans". Motor Trend. 
  19. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (January 8, 2009). "Detroit Preview: 2010 Buick LaCrosse breaks cover". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  20. ^ "Eight Canadian Premieres at Ford and GM". AutoTrader.ca. January 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  21. ^ Saporito, Nick (September 3, 2009). "Canada: Buick Allure Now Called LaCrosse". GM Inside News. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  22. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (April 8, 2009). "Buick announces starting price of $27,835 for 2010 LaCrosse". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  23. ^ "GM Delays New Buick Shipments on Quality Concerns". ABC News. September 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13. [dead link]
  24. ^ "LaCrosse Four-Cylinder Engine Offered In 2010 Q1". General Motors. December 17, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  25. ^ Steven J. Ewing (March 24, 2010). "Buick LaCrosse drops 3.0 L V6, adds four cylinder". Autoblog. Retrieved 2010-03-24. 
  26. ^ "Buick Lacrosse’s Innovative HiPer Strut Suspension Delivers Improved Ride And Handling". Media.gm.com. March 24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  27. ^ "2012 LaCrosse Luxury Car Specs and Features". Buick. Retrieved 2012-01-08. 
  28. ^ Loriana Marietta (August 26, 2009). "Buick Prepares Return to Mexico". Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  29. ^ Jonathon Ramsey (February 28, 2012). "China issues list of approved vehicles for government purchase, excludes imports for first time". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-05-16. 
  30. ^ "Understanding the Technology behind the Buick Lacrosse eAssist". CheersandGears.com. 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  31. ^ Buick LaCrosse rebranded as Daewoo Alpheon in South Korea
  32. ^ GM Daewoo Starts Production of Alpheon Luxury Sedan in The Chosunilbo, 10 August 2010.
  33. ^ "GM Daewoo Announces Alpheon Luxury Sedan - GM Inside News Forum". Gminsidenews.com. 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  34. ^ "Buick News - United States - LaCrosse". Media.gm.com. Retrieved 2012-01-08. 
  35. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2006-01-04. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  36. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  37. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-05-09. [dead link]
  38. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/Pages/news/us/en/2010/Jan/0105_Dec_Sales/_jcr_content/iconrow/textfile/file.res/Deliveries%20December%2009.xls
  39. ^ http://media.gm.com/media/cn/en/gm/news.detail.html/content/Pages/news/cn/en/2010/January/0104.html
  40. ^ "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2010 - Divisional Brand Level". Retrieved 2012-01-08. 
  41. ^ "Sales: December 2011 - General Motors - Cheers & Gears: Forums". Cheersandgears.com. 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2012-01-08. 
  42. ^ http://media.gm.com/media/cn/en/gm/news.detail.html/content/Pages/news/cn/en/2012/Jan/0109_Sales_Record_2011.html
  43. ^ "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2013". General Motors. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 

External links[edit]