Buila-Vânturarița National Park

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Buila-Vânturarița National Park
Parcul Național Buila-Vânturarița
IUCN category II (national park)
Buila4.JPG
The Buila Massif
Map showing the location of Buila-Vânturarița National Park
Map showing the location of Buila-Vânturarița National Park
Location within Romania
Location Actual Valcea county CoA.png Vâlcea County
 Romania
Nearest city Băile Olăneşti
Coordinates 45°14′24″N 24°05′46″E / 45.24°N 24.096°E / 45.24; 24.096Coordinates: 45°14′24″N 24°05′46″E / 45.24°N 24.096°E / 45.24; 24.096[1]
Area 4.186 hectares (10.34 acres)
Established 2005
Website buila.ro

The Buila-Vânturarița National Park (Romanian: Parcul Naţional Buila-Vânturariţa) (national park category II IUCN) is a protected area situated in Romania, in the central-northern part of Vâlcea County, in administrative territory of localities Costeşti, Bărbăteşti and Băile Olăneşti.[2]

Location[edit]

The Buila-Vânturarița National Park is located in the central-northern part of Vâlcea County in the Căpăţânii Mountains (group included in Parâng Mountains, a subgroup of mountains in the Southern Carpathians).

Description[edit]

Buila-Vânturarița with an area of 4.186 ha[3] was declared natural protected area by the Government Decision No 2151 in 2004 (published in Romanian Official Paper No 38 in January 12, 2005)[4] and represents a mountainous area with flora and fauna specific Southern Carpathians.

Protected areas included in the park: Trovant Museum, Călinești-Brezoi Forest, Valea Cheii Forest, Rădița-Mânzu, Mount Stogu, Arnăuți Cave, Clopot Cave, Munteanu-Murgoci Cave, Pagoda Cave, Valea Bistrița Cave.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Flora and fauna is diverse, many of the species are protected by international conventions.

Flora[edit]

Woody plants consist of: English oak (Quercus robur), European beech (Fagus sylvatica), European ash (Fraxinus excelsior), pine (Pinus), Norway spruce (Picea abies), fir (Abies), European yew (Taxus baccata), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), linden (Tilia), birch (Betula) and species of shrubs: mountain pine (Pinus mugo), savin (Juniperus sabina) or common juniper (Juniperus communis).

Herbs:[5] Edelweiss [6] (Leontopodium alpinum), lady's slipper (Cypripedium calceolus),[7] mountain bellflower (Campanula alpina), yellow monkshood (Aconitum anthora), belladonna (Atropa belladonna), ligularia (Ligularia sibirica), rustyback (Asplenium ceterach), yellow anemone (Anemone ranunculoides), globe-flower (Trollius europaeus), windflower (Anemone nemorosa), martagon (Lilium martagon), centaurea (Centaurea atropurpurea), daphne (Daphne mezereum)[8]

Fauna[edit]

Gray wolf (Canis lupus)

Species of mammals: deer (Cervus epaphus), brown bear (Ursus arctos), Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), gray wolf (Canis lupus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), lynx (Lynx lynx), pine marten (Martes martes), squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis), badger (Males males), barbastelle (Barrbastella barbastellus), Lesser Mouse-eared Bat (Myotis blythii), brown long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus);

Species of birds: Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), White-crowned Wheatear (Oenanthe leucopyga), Red Kite (Milvus milvus), Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespartinus), White Wagtail (Motacilla alba), European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), Rock Bunting (Emberiza cia), Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina), Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria), Hoopoe (Upupa epops),

Reptiles, amphibians and frogs: green lizard (Lacerta viridis), common European adder (Vipera berus), smooth snake (Coronella austriaca), fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra), alpine newt (Triturus alpestris), common toad (Bufo bufo), Yellow-bellied toad (Bombina variegata) or common frog (Rana temporaria).[9]

Access[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ eunis.eea.europa.eu - Buila-Vânturariţa, Vâlcea County (longitude & latitude); retrieved on June 03, 2012
  2. ^ protectedplanet.net - Buila-Vînturariţa National Park - location; retrieved on June 03, 2012
  3. ^ (Romanian) apmvl.anpm.ro - Regional Environmental Protection Agenty Vâlcea; retrieved on June 03, 2012
  4. ^ (Romanian) muntiimaramuresului.ro - Guvernment Decision No 2151 in 2004; retrieved on June 03, 2012
  5. ^ (Romanian)spontana.robustit.com - Specii din flora spontană a României; retrieved on June 04, 2012
  6. ^ Leontopodium alpinum (Romanian: Floare de colţ) is a protected species in Romania since 1933
  7. ^ Cypripedium calceolus in Romanian: Papucul doamnei
  8. ^ Daphne mezereum in Romanian: Tulichină
  9. ^ (Romanian) enrin.grida.no - Flota and fauna of Romania; retrieved on June 04, 2012

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]