Buildings at 1200-1206 Washington Street

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Buildings at 1200-1206 Washington Street
Buildingsat12001206WashingtonSt.JPG
Buildings along sidewalk
Buildings at 1200-1206 Washington Street is located in Hudson County, New Jersey
Buildings at 1200-1206 Washington Street
Location 1200-1206 Washington Street, Hoboken, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°44′57″N 74°1′38″W / 40.74917°N 74.02722°W / 40.74917; -74.02722Coordinates: 40°44′57″N 74°1′38″W / 40.74917°N 74.02722°W / 40.74917; -74.02722
Area 0.9 acres (0.36 ha)
Built 1890
Architect Hoboken Land & Improvement Company
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 87000350[1]
NJRHP # 1478[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 9, 1987
Designated NJRHP December 3, 1986

The Buildings at 1200–1206 Washington Street, also known as the El Dorado Apartments[3] and the Yellow Flats,[4] are a historic district located in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. The buildings were added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 9, 1987.[1]

History[edit]

In the 1890s,[4][5] the Buildings at 1200–1206 Washington Street were built by the Hoboken Land and Improvement Company,[6] by the architect Charles Fall.[7] They are located between 12th Street and 13th Street on the eastern side of Washington Street,[5] a commercial district with many retail stores and restaurants. The five-story complex is roughly 2 blocks south of Weehawken Cove, the former site of the Hudson Tea Building, and 2 blocks west of the Hudson River.[8] The entire complex is the full length of Washington Street between 12th and 13th Streets, with several rows of apartments wrapping around the corners of both streets,[9] and in total the Yellow Flats contain 174 living units.[10] The addresses listed under the National Register of Historic Places are specifically 1200, 1202, 1204 and 1206.[3] A large fire in January 2008 caused major damage to the complex; the damage has since been repaired.[11]

Famous residents[edit]

Henrietta Green and C. Dewey, c. 1900[12]

Although she was considered to be one of the wealthiest women of her day,[5] and it has even been said that she had the means to buy Hoboken,[13] Hetty Green, the "Witch of Wall Street"[4] chose after her move from London to live in a small, cheap apartment at the Yellow Flats, where she rented a three-room apartment for $19 to $23 per month.[13][14] To avoid establishing a residency permanent enough to attract the attention of tax officials in any state, Hetty took up several residences in Hoboken and Brooklyn Heights,[12] which has resulted in a discrepancya[›] between whether or not she lived in the apartments listed under the National Register of Historic Places. At the Yellow Flats, she listed her buzzer as C. Dewey, the name of her pet Skye terrier. It was also reported that she lived as a guest of the Yellow Flats buildings' janitor, Jacob Van Twisk.[15]

At the end of his career in 1905, Blind Tom Wiggins, one of the most famous musical performers of his day who played at the White House for President James Buchanan and was highly regarded by Mark Twain,[16] moved into an apartment in the Yellow Flats. Several years later, he died at the home of neighbor Mrs. Eliza Bethune Lerche.[17]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ a: Hetty Green moved around to avoid taxes and to save money, moving to the cheapest apartment she could find.[13] This may have caused a discrepancy between sources. Many sources that reference her address say that she lived at the Yellow Flats, which are located on the eastern side of Washington Street and currently have even numbered addresses, and also at the odd numbered addresses, which are currently found on the western side of the street.[13] Both cannot be true, as the Yellow Flats are located only on the eastern side of Washington and the addresses are even numbered; she is said to have lived at the Yellow Flats (with no address),[4][15] at 1201 Washington Street,[14] at 1203 Washington Street,[13][18] 1211 Washington Street,[19] across the street from a butcher shop on Washington Street and 12th Street,[20] where the Yellow Flats were not a commercial building, (listed historically as domestic dwellings)[7] and the building across the street is; and listed under the Hoboken Museum she is said to have lived at the "Yellow Flats, east side of 1200 Washington Street. Circa 1890",[5] pictured is the corner of the Buildings at 1200–1206 Washington Street. Reported at NJ.com regarding a major fire at the Yellow Flats in 2008,[11] it lists Hetty Green as a resident in the past, and shows pictures of the Yellow Flats on fire near the corner where the addresses 1200–1206 are located.[11][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  2. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Hudson County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. July 7, 2009. p. 4. Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Historic Preservation: Celebrating and Protecting Our Heritage
  4. ^ a b c d Hudson Reporter: Finding old Hoboken on Washington Street Family-owned businesses leave their mark by Tom Jennemann Reporter staff writer. August 4, 2003
  5. ^ a b c d Hoboken Walking Tour
  6. ^ Architecture and building, Volume 47
  7. ^ a b National Register of Historic Places Hudson County, NJ
  8. ^ Google Maps 1200-1206 Washington Street, Hoboken NJ
  9. ^ Google Maps Complex: 13th to 12th street
  10. ^ NY times HOBOKEN, A 10-MINUTE RIDE TO FAR AWAY By ANDREW L. YARROW Published: November 15, 1985, Friday
  11. ^ a b c "Major Fire 1203 Washington St". Hoboken411. Retrieved July 7, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b Rosenblum, Constance (December 19, 2004). "'Hetty': Scrooge in Hoboken". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "Hetty Green was that rarity, a woman who largely through her own efforts amassed a ton of money during the Gilded Age, a time when virtually everyone else getting rich -- Rockefeller, Morgan, Carnegie -- was a man. By nearly all accounts she was also a thoroughly unpleasant individual, greedy, petty and often downright nasty." 
  13. ^ a b c d e Hudson Reporter: The woman who could have bought Hoboken 'Witch of Wall Street' was wealthiest woman in country, but lived in small Hoboken flat
  14. ^ a b NY Times: Mrs. Hetty Green Summoned
  15. ^ a b Hoboken Historical Museum Newsletter Volume 11, Number 1; January/February 2005
  16. ^ From Slave to Stage Star: "Blind Tom" Wiggins at the Hoboken Museum Published: Wednesday, November 28, 2007
  17. ^ Thomas "Blind Tom" Wiggins (1849-1908): African American Pianist and Composer; A Blind And Autistic Slave Was A Musical Genius
  18. ^ a b NJ.com Hetty Green lived at 1203 Washington Street
  19. ^ NY Times: Hetty Green Moves back to Hoboken
  20. ^ NY Times: See Hetty Greens Heirs

External links[edit]