Bujanovac

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Bujanovac
Бујановац
Municipality and Town
Central bus station of Bujanovac
Central bus station of Bujanovac
Coat of arms of Bujanovac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bujanovac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bujanovac within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°28′N 21°46′E / 42.467°N 21.767°E / 42.467; 21.767Coordinates: 42°28′N 21°46′E / 42.467°N 21.767°E / 42.467; 21.767
Country  Serbia
District Pčinja
Settlements 59
Government
 • Mayor Shaip Kamberi
Area[1]
 • Municipality 461 km2 (178 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town unknown
 • Municipality unknown(estimated over 40,000)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 17520
Area code +381 17
Car plates BU
Website www.bujanovacinfo.org
Municipality of Bujanovac in Pčinja District

Bujanovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Бујановац, pronounced [bǔjanɔvats]; Albanian: Bujanoc) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of southern Serbia, located at the South Morava basin. It is known for its source of mineral water, so it is also known as Bujanovačka Banja (Бујановачка Бања).

The municipality was the battleground in an insurgency in 1999–2001, following the Kosovo War. It is located in the geographical area known as Preševo Valley. In 2002 census, the largest ethnic group in the town were Serbs, while the largest ethnic group in the municipality were Albanians. The current population of the town and municipality is unknown due to a boycott of the 2011 census by the local Albanian population. Officially, there are 18,542 inhabitants.

History[edit]

Ancient history[edit]

Kale-Krševica, located south of Ristovac, is an archaeological site of a 5th-century BC Ancient Greek city of Macedon), thought to be Damastion. The Thracian Triballi and Paeonian Agrianes dwelled in the region, with the Scordisci settling here after the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. The region was conquered by the Romans after 75 BC. It became part of the Roman propraetoral province Moesia in 29 BC (imperial from 27 BC). In 87 AD the region was re-organized into the Moesia Superior, which was a province of the Roman Empire.

Serbian era[edit]

Medieval Serbian state like the Kingdom of Serbia or the Serbian Empire included part of this region in the 12th century and most of it until the 14th century. Since the 15th century, the region was under Albanian administration.

Ottoman era[edit]

It became part of Rumelia, as a historical term describing the area now referred to as the Balkans or the Balkan Peninsula when it was administrated by the Ottoman Empire.

Modern[edit]

After the Berlin agreement, signed in 1878, there were some administrative changes in the Ottoman Empire. Bujanovac and its surroundings became part of the "Preševo area" of the Priština District and in 1905–1912 Bujanovac belonged to the 2nd category of borough covering 28 villages. After the Balkan Wars, the area belonged to Kumanovo District. After the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, in 1918, Bujanovac became part of Vranje Oblast, one of total 33, formed after the Vidovdan Constitution, in 1921. With administrative changes in 1929, it became part of Vardar Banovina, with the town of Skopje as capital. With the forming of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, it was part of Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1943 to 1992. After World War II, in 1947, Bujanovac was established as one of 117 cantons of Central Serbia, under its own name.[3]

Insurgency in Preševo Valley[edit]

Between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian paramilitary organization, a subgroup of the Kosovo-Albanian UÇK, known as the UÇPMB, sought the separation of the Preševo Valley from Yugoslavia with force, known in the Insurgency in the Preševo Valley. Though there were casualties and injuries on both sides, the events did not quite attract the same international media attention as what had been happening in Kosovo until 1999, and what was also happening south of the border in the Republic of Macedonia during 2001, known as Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia. The situation as of 2007 is peaceful.


Culture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Bujanovac has a football team: BSK Bujanovac.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census, the municipality of Bujanovac had a population of 43,302 people. The Bujanovac municipality has 461 square kilometers and 59 inhabited places.

Ethnic groups in the municipality[edit]

Settlements with the absolute Serb ethnic majority are Baraljevac, Bogdanovac, Božinjevac, Borovac, Bratoselce, Brnjare, Buštranje, Vogance, Gramada, Donje Novo Selo, Drežnica, Đorđevac, Žbevac, Žuželjica, Jablanica, Jastrebac, Karadnik, Klenike, Klinovac, Košarno, Krševica, Kuštica, Levosoje, Lopardince, Lukarce, Ljiljance, Pretina, Rakovac, Rusce, Sveta Petka, Sebrat, Sejace, Spančevac, Srpska Kuća, Starac and Trejak. Mixed settlement with the relative Serb majority is Bujanovac.

Settlements with the absolute Albanian majority are Biljača, Breznica, Veliki Trnovac, Vrban, Gornje Novo Selo, Dobrosin, Zarbince, Končulj, Letovica, Lučane, Mali Trnovac, Muhovac, Negovac, Nesalce, Pribovce, Ravno Bučje, Samoljica, Suharno, Turija, Uzovo and Čar. Mixed settlement with the relative Albanian majority is Oslare.

Ethnic Composition of the municipality
Year Serb  % Albanian  % Roma  % Total
1961 20,033 51.28% 16,618 42.54% 11 39,064
1971 18,840 43.29% 21,209 48.73% 2,749 6.32% 43,522
1981 15,914 34.09% 25,848 55.36% 4,130 8.85% 46,689
1991 [1] 14,660 29.77% 29,588 60.09% 4,408 8.95% 49,238
2002 14,782 34.14% 23,681 54.69% 3,867 8.93% 43,302

Ethnic groups in the town[edit]

In 2002, the population of the Bujanovac town was composed of:

Total : 12,011

International cooperation[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]