Buje

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Buje
City
City of Buje
Grad Buje - Città di Buie[1]
Buje1.jpg
Flag of Buje
Flag
Buje is located in Croatia
Buje
Buje
Location of Buje in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°25′N 13°40′E / 45.417°N 13.667°E / 45.417; 13.667Coordinates: 45°25′N 13°40′E / 45.417°N 13.667°E / 45.417; 13.667
Country Croatia
County Istria
Government
 • Mayor Edi Andreašić
Population (31 March 2011)
 • Total 5,127
 • Settlement (naselje) of Buje 2,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website buje.hr

Buje (Italian: Buie) is a town situated in Istria, Croatia's westernmost peninsula.

Buje was known as the "sentinel of Istria" for its hilltop site located 10 km (6.21 mi) inland from the Adriatic sea. It still commands an excellent panorama. Buje has a rich history; traces of life in the region date back to prehistoric times. The town developed from a Roman and Venetian settlement into a medieval town. Buje has been part of the Venetian republic from 1358 until 1797 and has been an Italian city from 1918 to 1945. Today it is a modern regional center. Despite its development Buje has retained many features typical of various historical periods. With its narrow streets and a central square, the old town is a fine example of medieval architecture with strong Venetian influences as the rest of the region.

Overview[edit]

A baroque church from the 16th century, built on the foundations of a Roman temple dominates the square. The old city was protected with stone fortifications, part of which have been preserved to modern times. Being situated on a hill, the old town offers exquisite views on the surrounding scenery, dominated by Mediterranean vegetation, vineyards and olive groves.

Outside of the old town a modern city has sprung. After World War II Buje developed into an industrial, cultural and economic center of the region. To its visitors today, Buje offers a blend of gentle Mediterranean climate, good food and a quiet setting, away from the hustle and bustle of the more touristic Istrian coastal resorts.

Population[edit]

Historical population
of Buje
Year Pop. ±%
1880 6,980 —    
1890 7,578 +8.6%
1900 8,311 +9.7%
1910 8,682 +4.5%
1921 8,989 +3.5%
1931 8,601 −4.3%
1948 8,013 −6.8%
1953 5,763 −28.1%
1961 5,344 −7.3%
1971 4,376 −18.1%
1981 4,957 +13.3%
1991 5,421 +9.4%
2001 5,340 −1.5%
2011 5,182 −3.0%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

The population of the whole town (Grad Buje - Città di Buie) was 5,127 in March 2011, down from 5,340 in 2001. The population of the settlement (naselje) of Buje proper was 2,752 in 2011, down from 3,001 in 2001. The second-largest settlement of the town is Kaštel / Castelvenere with a population of 653 in 2011.[2][3]

According to the 2001 census results, 53.76% of the town’s population had Croatian as their mother tongue, 39.66% Italian, 3.65% Slovene, 0.97% Albanian, and others.[4]

Buje/Buie has a high number of Italians and an Italian school, the "Leonardo da Vinci". It was 50% Italian in 1991, when the town’s limits included Grožnjan/Grisignana.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Buje at Wikimedia Commons