Bukan

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"Bokan" redirects here. For the 1970s Japanese anime series, see Time Bokan.
For the administrative subdivision, see Bukan County. For the village in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, see Bukan, Sistan and Baluchestan. For the village in Yazd Province, see Bukan, Yazd.


Bukan
Bukān
city
Bukan
Bukan
Bukan is located in Iran
Bukan
Bukan
Coordinates: 36°31′16″N 46°12′32″E / 36.52111°N 46.20889°E / 36.52111; 46.20889Coordinates: 36°31′16″N 46°12′32″E / 36.52111°N 46.20889°E / 36.52111; 46.20889
Country  Iran
Province West Azerbaijan
County Bukan
Bakhsh Central
Government
 • Parliament Mohammad Qasem Osmani
Elevation 1,365 m (4,478 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 149,340
 • Estimate (2012) 171,773
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) (+98) 482-62
Website www.bukan.ir

Bukan (Persian: Bukān‎; Kurdish:بۆکان\Bokan; also Romanized as Bukān, Bokan, and Bowkān)[1] is a city in and the capital of Bukan County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 149,340, in 32,488 families.[2] As of 2012, its population was estimated to be near 171,773 in 43,543 families.[3]

Environmentally and climatically Bukan is a highland with snow-capped mountains which looks like as beauty queen of Kurdistan, As regard to the history of the area, according to the archaeological finds it should be said that form the earliest time. the district of Bukan had been populated by ancient tribes, who were inhabited in thefoothills of Zagros miunain chain. Archaeologically, the oldest remains that has been recovered here come from Gharagouz (4800-4100 Dalma),Nachit and Gharakend mounds (Bronze Age) The cultural sequence of Bukan, howere, has been continued up to Qajar period. There have been recovered more than 150 sites in Bukan.[4]

History[edit]

Mannaeas[edit]

This city is the capital of civilization about 3000 years ago under the name Izertu (Zirtu) was Mannaean.[5] due to lack of adequate facilities in the city museum and seen the effects of this civilization is expressed in a small sample of his works in museums around the world including the Museum of stolen Museum, University of Tokyo, and can be seen. These civilizations have settled in the Kurdish region in northwestern Iran.[6] The distinctive art Mannayy indescribable elegance and beauty that is unique in their contemporary civilizations. They have been called the art of making glazed bricks. Bricks with colorful designs that they plan to remain intact after nearly 3000 years. Beautiful specimens in the Museum of East Ancient bricks found in Tokyo.[7]

Geographic location[edit]

Bukan is located south of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. It lies in the West Azarbaijan Province of Iran. The town is situated on the eastern bank of the Sīmīnarūd (Tk. Tatahūčāy), known locally as Čōmī Bukan, on the road between Saqqez and Miandoab.

People[edit]

Bukan is inhabited by Kurds, adherents of Shafeʿite Sunnism, who speak the Sorani, or central, dialect of Kurdish. The rural population is engaged in farming (wheat, barley and other cereals, sugar beets, tobacco, and some summer crops), gardening, and animal hus­bandry. Formerly the village housed a Jewish commu­nity of about 70 families.[8]

Religion[edit]

In November 1996, 94 percent of the city's population are Muslims. The ratio in urban areas and 92 percent in rural areas was 98 percent. Bukan people are mainly Sunni Shafi'i sect.[9]

Israeli Jews consider it a holy city and the city has enjoyed a high place among them, in 1949 to 1952 numerous Jews had settled in the city. They also believe the city is called the City of the Gods،Currently, more than 150 thousand Kurdish Jews living in Israel[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bukan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
14.2
(57.6)
18.1
(64.6)
24
(75)
31.5
(88.7)
38.1
(100.6)
42
(108)
41.4
(106.5)
37.9
(100.2)
30.7
(87.3)
21.2
(70.2)
14.4
(57.9)
27.22
(81.02)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
8.9
(48)
12.4
(54.3)
17.5
(63.5)
24.1
(75.4)
29.8
(85.6)
33.4
(92.1)
33.1
(91.6)
29
(84)
22.6
(72.7)
15
(59)
9.1
(48.4)
20.19
(68.33)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
3.6
(38.5)
6.7
(44.1)
11.1
(52)
16.7
(62.1)
21.4
(70.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
20.1
(68.2)
14.7
(58.5)
8.9
(48)
3.9
(39)
13.24
(55.84)
Precipitation mm (inches) 111
(4.37)
97
(3.82)
89
(3.5)
69
(2.72)
26
(1.02)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
12
(0.47)
56
(2.2)
80
(3.15)
540
(21.25)
Source #1: climate-data.org[11]
Source #2: My Forecast,[12] What's the Weather Like.org,[13] and bukan[14]

Historical possibility[edit]

Sardar Castle[edit]

In 1285 (Persian Date) Sardar Aziz khan Mukri built a castle near the great reservoir of bukan that presently named after its founder as Sardaar Aziz khaan Castle. The Castle has been built on top of a hill 50by 60 in diameter and 13 meters hegit and its main building materials is bricks of 20 by 20 cm with gley mrtar and timbers. The Castle measures 25 by 30 meters and has 6 daises which rest upon 9store colmns 2meters hegiht and 1 meter diameter .

During 1325-1351 (A.H) the castle turns into police headquarters,post office, and as chool respectively and finally was destroyed completely in 1361 A.H and replaced by a newly built structure that used as basidj (Mobilization) Station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bukan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3057083" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ "World Gazetteer". 
  4. ^ hassanzade,Yuosef,izertu historical Monuments (Bukan) 2007,ISBN 9789640401408
  5. ^ KARGAR, B. ۲۰۰۴. Qalaichi: zirtu: Center of Manna, Period Ib, in M. Azarnoush (ed.)
  6. ^ GODARD, A. ۱۹۴۹. Izirtu(Bukan), La capitale du pays des Manneens, Zibie et Armaid. Comptes de Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres: ۳۱۲-۳۱۳
  7. ^ Proceedings of the International Symposium on Iranian Archaeology; Northwestern Region: ۲۲۹-۲۴۵. Tehran: Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (in Farsi).
  8. ^ (Razmārā, loc. cit.)
  9. ^ Religion Bukan
  10. ^ pp3,2011,Magazine, Cord, Israel 2011, Iraqi Kurdistan, Kurdish Jews
  11. ^ "Climate: bukan - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". climate-data.org. Retrieved 10 Nov 2013. 
  12. ^ "BUKAN, Iran Climate". My Forecast. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "bukan climate info". What's the Weather Like.org. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "bukan Weather Forecast and Climate Information". bukan. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 

External links[edit]