Bukhara operation (1920)

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Map of the Bukhara operation in Russian
Bukhara under siege by Red Army troops and burning, 1 September, 1920

Bukhara operation (1920) - On 28 August 1920, an army of well-disciplined and well equipped Red Army troops under the command of Bolshevik general Mikhail Frunze attacked the city of Bukhara. On 31 August 1920, the Emir Alim Khan fled to Dushanbe in Eastern Bukhara (later he escaped from Dushanbe to Kabul in Afghanistan). On 2 September 1920, after four days of fighting, the emir’s citadel (the Ark) was destroyed, the red flag was raised from the top of Kalyan Minaret. On 14 September 1920, the All-Bukharan Revolutionary Committee was set up, headed by A. Mukhitdinov. The government – the Council of People's Nazirs (Commissars) – was presided over by Faizullah Khojaev.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hayit, Baymirza: Basmatschi. Nationaler Kampf Turkestans in den Jahren 1917 bis 1934. Köln, Dreisam-Verlag (1993)
  • Paksoy H.B. Basmachi Movement From Within: Account of Zeki Velidi Togan // Nationalities Papers. 1995. Vol. 23. No 2. P.373-399. Хасан Паксой. Заки Валиди Тоган о басмаческом движении. Перевод с английского И.Кучумова. [1]