Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park

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Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park
Map showing the location of Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya NP
Location Borneo, Indonesia
Nearest city Pontianak
Coordinates 0°47′S 112°37′E / 0.783°S 112.617°E / -0.783; 112.617Coordinates: 0°47′S 112°37′E / 0.783°S 112.617°E / -0.783; 112.617
Area 1,810 km²
Established 1992
Governing body Ministry of Forestry

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park is a national park located on Borneo Island, Indonesia. It is named after the mountains of Bukit Baka (1,620 metres) and Bukit Raya (2,278 metres),[1] part of the Schwaner mountain range at the border of Central and West Kalimantan.[2]

The national park forms part of the Heart of Borneo conservation project.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

There have been 817 species of plant recorded in the park, including from the families of Dipterocarpaceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae and Ericadeae. Plants endemic to the island include Symplocos rayae, Gluta sabahana, Dillenia beccariana, Lithocarpus coopertus, Selaginnella magnifica and Tetracera glaberrima.[1]

The park protects the habitat of clouded leopards, orangutans, sun bears (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), maroon leaf monkeys, lemurs (Nyticebus coucang borneanus), sambar deers and flying squirrels.[1] Bird species in the park include the Black Hornbill, Helmeted Hornbill, Common Emerald Dove, Little Cuckoo-Dove and Bornean Peacock-Pheasant.[1]

Human habitation[edit]

Indigenous people in the park include the ethnic groups of the Dayak Limbai, Ransa, Kenyilu, Ot Danum, Malahui, Kahoi and Kahayan.[1]

Conservation and threats[edit]

In 1978 a nature reserve of 500 km² around Bukit Raya was established, and the next year it was extended to 1,100 km². In 1982 the Bukit Baka nature reserve was established, comprising 1,000 km². After several smaller alterations to the boundaries of both reserves, in 1992 the two protected areas were merged into the Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park comprising 1,810 km².[4]

The park has been affected by severe illegal logging since the end of the 20th century.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia: "Taman Nasional Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya", retrieved 4 December 2013
  2. ^ a b Bellefroid, E. et al: "Additions to the Pteridophyte Flora of Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo" in American Fern Journal, Vol.97, No.1, 2007
  3. ^ Heart of Borneo: "Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park", retrieved 4 December 2013
  4. ^ Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia: "Taman Nasional Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya", retrieved 4 December 2013