Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant

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Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant
Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant is located in Greenland
Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant
Location of Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant in Greenland
Country Greenland
Location Buksefjord
Coordinates 63°55′16″N 50°53′26″W / 63.92111°N 50.89056°W / 63.92111; -50.89056Coordinates: 63°55′16″N 50°53′26″W / 63.92111°N 50.89056°W / 63.92111; -50.89056
Status Operational
Construction began 1990
Commission date 1993
Construction cost $ 190.23 million
Owner(s) Nukissiorfiit
Power generation
Units operational 3 x 15 MW
Nameplate capacity 45
Website
www.nukissiorfiit.gl

The Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant is the first and largest hydroelectric power plant in Greenland. It was built by Nuuk-Kraft and it is operated by Nukissiorfiit - Greenland's national energy company.[1]

In 1984–85, Greenland's energy authority prepared a Greenland's hydroelectricity development program. At that time all electricity in Greenland was produced by oil based fuels, but there had been a sharp rise in the oil prices the preceding years. Construction of a plant in Buksefjord was proposed by a private consortium in 1988. In 1989, four companies were invited to a public tender. However, later it was decided that construction of the plant will be financed by the Home Rule of Greenland and the plant will be rented to Nuuk-Kraft consortium. Construction of the plant was approved by the Parliament of Greenland in 1990.[1] It was commissioned in 1993.[2]

Unconventionally, the power station is situated 600 metres (2,000 ft) inside a mountain and it consists of 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) of tunnels.[2] The upper reservoir, Kang Lake, is situated 249 metres (817 ft) over the sea level at Buksefjord. Due to damming and deep inlet, it has a total effective volume of 1.9 cubic kilometres (0.46 cu mi), which is six times more than the annual water consumption by the plant. From the lake, a 10.5-kilometre (6.5 mi) long inlet pressure tunnel runs down to the plant.[1]

Originally, the plant had two turbines with capacity of 15 MW each. In 2008, a third turbine with the same capacity was installed.[2][3]

The generated power is transferred to Nuuk over 57-kilometre (35 mi) long Buksefjord–Nuuk power line, which includes the Ameralik Span, the world's longest span.[1][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Andersen, J. Raae; Teisen, Elisabeth (1990-07-06). "Grønlands første store vandkraftværk" [Greenland's first large hydroelectric power station]. Ingeniøren (in Danish). Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  2. ^ a b c "Hydropower in Greenland". Greenland Development. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  3. ^ a b Holmsgaard, Erik (2008-12-05). "Buksefjorden for fuld kraft" [Buksefjord in full power]. Sermitsiaq (in Danish). Retrieved 2010-12-31.