|• Land||524.9 km2 (202.7 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||139.8/km2 (362/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Bukwo District is bordered by Amudat District to the north, the Republic of Kenya to the east and south and Kween District to the west and northwest. Bukwo, where the district headquarters are located is approximately 83 kilometres (52 mi), by road, northeast of Mbale, the nearest large city. The coordinates of the district are:01 16N, 34 44E.
The district was created on 1 July 2005. Bukwo District was part of Kapchorwa District prior to July 2005. It was created out of Kongasis county. The district has many well-educated native sons and daughters, but many of these educated people have sought for greener pastures in the neighbouring country of Kenya.
The district's roads are in the majority inaccessible or impassable. There is widespread lack of electricity and telecommunication services throughout the district. Subsequent Ugandan Governments have not developed this part of the country, starting with the colonial governments in the early part of the 20th century, through the Obote I, Idi Amin, Obote II and NRM regimes.
Many of the inhabitants of Bukwo District live in abject poverty. The district is also plagued by persistent insecurity due to cattle raids and cattle rustling by ethnic groups from Karamoja located in North Eastern Uganda and the Turkana and Pokot from neighbouring Kenya. These challenges date as far back as the 1950s and 1960s.
Most of the people from the northern part of the district have been internally displaced by cattle rustlers and have since not been resettled back in their original land. Some of these people opted to purchase land from areas that appeared secure while others who could not afford to purchase new land continue to exist as squatters on well-wishers' land.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 30,700. The national census in 2002 estimated the population of the district at about 49,000, with an annual population growth rate of 4.2%. In 2012 the population of Bukwo District was estimated at approximately 73,400. The table below illustrates the population growth in the district between 2002 and 2012. All numbers are estimates.
|Bukwa District Population Trends|