Bulacan

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Bulacan (disambiguation).
Bulacan
Province
The Bulacan Provincial Capitol
The Bulacan Provincial Capitol
Flag of Bulacan
Flag
Official seal of Bulacan
Seal
Nickname(s): "The Gateway to the Northern Philippines"
Motto: Masaganang Lalawingang Pinanday ng Kasaysayan at Kabayanihan
(A Prosperous Province Forged by History and Heroism)
Map of the Philippines with Bulacan highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Bulacan highlighted
Coordinates: 15°00′N 121°05′E / 15.000°N 121.083°E / 15.000; 121.083Coordinates: 15°00′N 121°05′E / 15.000°N 121.083°E / 15.000; 121.083
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded August 15, 1578 [1]
Capital Malolos
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado (National Unity)
 • Vice Governor Daniel Fernando (National Unity)
Area[2]
 • Total 2,796.10 km2 (1,079.58 sq mi)
Area rank 49th out of 80
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 2,924,433
 • Rank 3rd out of 80
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Density rank 5th out of 80
Demonym Bulakeño (Filipino) or Bulaqueño (Spanish)
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 3
 • Municipalities 21
 • Barangays 569
 • Districts 1st to 4th districts of Bulacan, Legislative lone district of the city of San Jose del Monte
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Tagalog (90%), Bisaya (3%), Bicolano (2%), Ilocano (1%)
 • Languages Tagalog, Kapampangan, English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3000 to 3024
Dialing code 44
ISO 3166 code PH-BUL
Website www.bulacan.gov.ph

Bulacan (PSGC: 031400000; ISO: PH-BUL) is a first class province of the Philippines, located in the Central Luzon Region (Region 3) in the island of Luzon, 50 km north of Manila (the nation's capital), and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region. Bulacan was established 15 August 1578.

It has 569 barangays from 21 municipalities and three component cities (Malolos, the capital city; Meycauayan; and San Jose del Monte). Bulacan is located immediately north of Metro Manila. Bordering Bulacan are the provinces of Pampanga to the west, Nueva Ecija to the north, Aurora and Quezon to the east, and Metro Manila and Rizal to the south. Bulacan also lies on the north-eastern shore of Manila Bay.

Bulacan prides itself on its rich history.[citation needed] The province figures prominently in Philippine history. Many national heroes and political figures were born in Bulacan. The province was also one of the first to revolt against Spain. The province is honored as one of the 8 rays of the sun in the national flag. It is the home of the "Three Republics." These are the Republic of Real de Kakarong de Sili (1896) in Pandi,[4] the Republic of Biak-na-Bato (1897) and the First Philippine Republic in Malolos (1899–1901). In recognition thereof, these three republics established in Bulacan have been incorporated in the official seal of the province of Bulacan.

In the 2010 census, Bulacan had a population of 2,924,433 people, the highest population in Region 3 and second-most populous province in the whole Philippines (after Cavite).[3] Bulacan's most populated city is San Jose del Monte, the most populated municipality is Santa Maria while the least populated is Doña Remedios Trinidad.

In 1899, the historic Barasoain Church in Malolos was the birthplace of the First Constitutional Democracy in Asia. It is also the cradle of the nation's noble heroes, of great men and women; also home to many of the country's greatest artists, with a good number elevated as National Artists.

Today, Bulacan is among the most progressive provinces in the Philippines. Its people — the Bulaqueños (or Bulakenyo in Filipino)— are regarded as highly educated, enterprising and industrious.[citation needed] It is well known for the following industries: Marble and Marbleized Limestone, Jewelry, Pyrotechnics, Leather, Aquaculture, Meat and Meat Products, Garments, Furniture, High-Value Crops, and Sweets and Native Delicacies, and a wide variety of high-quality native products.[citation needed]

Bulacan has fast become an ideal tourist destination, owing to its vital role in Philippine history, and its rich heritage in culture and the arts.[citation needed] The province is popularly known for its historical sites; nostalgic old houses and churches; idyllic ecological attractions; religious attractions; colorful and enchanting festivals; swimming and various themed attractions; and a wide selection of elegant native crafts and sumptuous delicacies. It is also home to numerous resorts, hotels, restaurants, and other recreational facilities.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Bulacan

During the Conquest of Luzon by Adelantado Miguel Legazpi in 1571, Bulacan was reported to be well populated and rich. Initially there were only six encomiendas under the rule of the Alcalde Mayor in Bulacan: Calumpit (then an independent Alcaldia) Bulakan, Malolos, Meycauayan, Binto (present-day Plaridel), Guiguinto, and Caluya (present-day Balagtas). The encomiendas were later organized into Pueblos (towns). The first pueblo established in Bulacan was the town of Calumpit, founded by Agustinian friars in 1575.[5] Calumpit was also the birthplace of Christianity historcal documents told that Calumpit is a different and separated in Bulacan comprising the Provincia de Calonpite y Hagonoy together with Apalit.A time came,in 1578 Alcaldia de Calumpit and it was dissolved and annexed to Provincia de Bulacan. It has been said that in 1578 the Augustinians conquered Bulacan (the town after which the province was named).[original research?]The province of Bulacan (named Meycauayan it its antiquity), is on the island of Luzon, and is one of the most important “Alcadia de Termino”, Civil and politically it corresponds to the Audiencia y capitanía general de Filipinas, and spiritually belongs to the Archbishop of Manila.[6] The Franciscan friars Juan Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa founded Meycauayan in the same year, and for a time it was the capital; people were able to flourish, and became so rich that the sons are six of the best in the province (Bocaue, Polo, San Jose del Monte, Santa Maria de Pandi, Obando and Marilao).[7] On the other hand Malolos also under Augustinian Order.During Spanish Period already existed as a Chinese settlement bearing the name Li-han,in which those people are rich tagalogs and Chinese who are excellent in commerce and trade was conquered by Spanish conquistador and constituted as Royal Encomienda by Adelantado Miguel Lopez de Legaspi in November 14, 1571 under Jeronimo Tirado and Marcos de Herrera.[8] The oldest document mentioning Malolos as a Civil Town can be found in Augustinian documents when the town of Malolos was accepted by the Augustinians to be its House of Order in June 11, 1580. Augustinians missionaries renamed the village of Lihan as Malolos a Pueblo or Town with its own Gobernadorcillo on 1580.

During the General Visitation of October 5, 1762 by, Sr. Doctor Don Simon de Anda de Salazar, the province was headed by Capitan Don Jose Pasarin, alcade mayor of the province.[9] 1795-96, Don Manuel Piñon was the alcalde mayor.[10] According to the "Guia de 1839", Bulacan province in the island of Luzon, Philippines, is governed by a mayor, consists of 19 pueblos, 36,394 tributes and 181,970 souls.[11] D. Felipe Gobantes, Alcalde of the province of Bulacan erected a stone column in the plaza of Bulacan in Memory of Fr. Manuel Blanco O.S.A. who died on April 1, 1845.[12]

In 1848 when the boundaries of Pampanga were changed, the region, which includes the important town of San Miguel de Mayumo and neighboring places that were formerly part of Pampanga, was adjudicated to Bulacan.[13]

In an earlier period during 1890, Malolos was a hot-spot of Liberal Illustrados, notably the "20 Women of Malolos", who exerted pressure for education under a Filipino professor. However, the first phase of the revolution ceased in 1897 with the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel. Under its terms the leaders were to go to Hong Kong and reside there. Under the illusory peace created by the pact, the end of 1897 saw greater determination om the part of the Filipinos to carry on the revolution. In early 1898, the provinces of Zambales, Ilocos, Pampanga, Bulacan, Laguna, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac. and Camarines rose again. In Central Luzon, a revolutionary government was organized under General Francisco Makabulos, a Kapampangan revolutionary leader of La Paz, Tarlac.

The U.S. Americans established a local Philippine government in the Philippines when they held the first municipal election in the country in the town of Baliuag, Bulacan on May 6, 1899.

At the beginning of the American rule,1899-1900 Malolos became the headquarters of the Military Governor of the Philippines Malolos at Casa Real in Malolos and in February 27, 1901, the Philippine Commission officially transferred the seat of government to Malolos, and the Casa Real de Malolos was the seat of the Provincial Governor from 1900 to 1930 until the completion of the capitol building at the Brgy Guinhawa, Malolos City.

In 1942, at the height of World War II, the Japanese Imperial Army occupied Bulacan and made Casa Real de Malolos its headquarters.

In 1945, combined Filipino and American forces and local guerrillas attacked the Japanese Imperial Forces and liberated Bulacan.

The Casa Real de Malolos.Residency and Office of the Governor 1901-1930,1946-1950

Issues Concerning the Foundation Date[edit]

For a long period of time, Bulacan traced its founding as a province during the American Period at the reorganization of Philippine Provinces. To determine the true date of the province's foundation and to trace its roots in ancient period. Efforts and research conducted by Dr. Jaime Veneracion, Dr.Reynaldo Naguit of the Center for Bulacan Studies and Isagani Giron of the Samahang Pangkasaysayan ng Bulacan (Sampaka) shows that Bulacan was identified as a province as early as 1578. This is due to a cedulario found by the researchers which states Provincia de Bulacan and was dated 1578. With regards to exact date of foundation of Bulacan as a province, Veneracion correlated it with the practice of Spaniard of dedicating the founding a pueblo to the feast of a patron saint. In the case of Bulacan it is the Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion, which is also the patron saint of Bulakan town, the first capital of the province[1]

Geography[edit]

Bulacan is bounded by Nueva Ecija on the north, Aurora (Dingalan) on the northeast, Quezon (General Nakar) on the east, Rizal (Rodriguez) on the southeast, Metro Manila (Valenzuela City, Malabon City, Navotas City, Caloocan City and Quezon City) on the south, Manila Bay on the southwest, and Pampanga on the west.

Several rivers irrigate the province of Bulacan; the largest one is that of Angat. Angat River passes through the towns of Norzagaray, Angat, Bustos, San Rafael, Baliuag, Plaridel, Pulilan, and Calumpit. It flow thence into the Pampanga River, goes out again, washes Hagonoy and loses itself in the mangroves. The banks of these rivers are very fertile and are covered with trees.

Political[edit]

Bulacan is subdivided into 21 municipalities and 3 cities. As the population is concentrated in the southern half of the province, so are the legislative districts.

Name Type District (HOR) District (SP) No. of Brgy Zip Code
BULACAN Province 5 4 569 -
1. Angat Municipality 3rd 16 3012
2. Balagtas (Bigaa) Municipality 2nd 9 3016
3. Baliuag Municipality 2nd 27 3006
4. Bocaue Municipality 2nd 19 3018
5. Bulakan Municipality 1st 14 3017
6. Bustos Municipality 2nd 14 3007
7. Calumpit Municipality 1st 29 3003
8. Doña Remedios Trinidad Municipality 3rd 8 3009
9. Guiguinto Municipality 2nd 14 3015
10. Hagonoy Municipality 1st 26 3002
11. Malolos City Component City1 1st 51 3000
12. Marilao Municipality 4th 16 3019
13. Meycauayan City Component City2 4th 26 3020
14. Norzagaray Municipality 3rd 13 3013
15. Obando Municipality 4th 11 3021
16. Pandi Municipality 2nd 22 3014
17. Paombong Municipality 1st 14 3001
18. Plaridel Municipality 2nd 19 3004
19. Pulilan Municipality 1st 19 3005
20. San Ildefonso Municipality 3rd 36 3010
21. San Jose del Monte Component City3 Lone 4th 59 3023;
Sapang Palay 3024
22. San Miguel Municipality 3rd 49 3011
23. San Rafael Municipality 3rd 34 3008
24. Santa Maria Municipality 4th 24 3022
^1 Converted into a city under Republic Act No. 8754; ratified on October 8, 2002.
^2 Converted into a city under Republic Act No. 9356; ratified on December 10, 2006. .
^3 Converted into a city under Republic Act No. 8797; ratified on September 10, 2000..

Physical[edit]

Terrain
Bulacan lies in the southern portion of the fertile plains of Central Luzon. The area is drained by the Angat and Pampanga rivers. The Sierra Madre mountain range forms the highlands of Bulacan in the east. Angat Lake, which was formed by the Angat Dam is located in that area. The highest point in the province at 1,206[14] meters is Mount Oriod, part of the Sierra Madre.
The Sierra Madre Mountain Range as seen near Mount Oriod's summit.

On January 19, 2008, an 18-hectare dump site, a new landfill that would also be a tourist attraction opened in Norzagaray, Bulacan province. Ramon Angelo, Jr., president Waste Custodian Management Corp. stated: "I want them to see our system in our place which should not be abhorred because we are using the new state-of-the-art technology."[15]

Climate
November to April is generally dry while wet for the rest of the year. The northeast monsoon (amihan) prevails from October to January bringing in moderated and light rains. From February to April, the east trade winds predominate but the Sierra Madre (Philippines) mountain range to the east disrupts the winds resulting to a dry period. From May to September, the southwest monsoon (habagat).

The hottest month is May having an average temperature of 29.7 °C (85.5 °F) while the coldest is February with an average temperature of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F).

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bulacan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1948 394,000 —    
1960 515,000 +2.26%
1970 738,000 +3.66%
1975 900,000 +4.05%
1980 1,096,000 +4.02%
1990 1,505,219 +3.22%
1995 1,784,441 +3.46%
2000 2,234,088 +4.60%
2007 2,826,926 +3.42%
2010 2,924,433 +1.14%
Source: National Statistics Office12[3]
Languages and ethnicity
As it is part of the Tagalog cultural sphere (Katagalugan), Tagalog is the predominant language of Bulacan. SOME inhabitants also speak Kapampangan, which is the language of neighboring Pampanga.
Population
According to the 1 May 2010 census, there are a total of 2,924,433 Bulaqueños (or Bulakenyos) with an annual population growth rate of 2.73 from the year 2000 to 2010,[3] making Bulacan the second most populous province in the country.[16] It is also the 4th most densely populated province at 1,076 people per square kilometer. There are 588,693 households in the province with an average size of 4.8 persons. Bulacan had a median age of 23 years in 2007.[17]
Total Population by Region, Province and Municipality: Based on 1995, 2000, 2007, and 2010[18][19]
Region, Province, City, Municipality1 1-Sep-953 1-May-003 1-Aug-073 1-May-10
Central Luzon 7,092,191 8,204,742 9,720,982 10,137,737
BULACAN 1,784,441 2,234,088 2,826,926 2,924,433
1. Angat 39,037 46,033 53,117 55,332
2. Balagtas (Bigaa) 49,210 56,945 62,684 65,440
3. Baliuag 103,054 119,675 136,982 143,565
4. Bocaue 69,718 86,994 105,817 106,407
5. Bulakan 54,236 62,903 72,289 71,751
6. Bustos 41,372 47,091 60,681 62,415
7. Calumpit 70,839 81,113 98,017 101,068
8. Doña Remedios Trinidad 11,194 13,636 19,086 19,878
9. Guiguinto 52,575 67,571 89,225 90,507
10. Hagonoy 99,423 111,425 126,329 125,689
11. Malolos City 147,414 175,291 223,069 234,945
12. Marilao 68,761 101,017 160,452 185,624
13. Meycauayan City 137,081 163,037 196,569 199,154
14. Norzagaray 51,015 76,978 105,470 103,095
15. Obando 51,488 52,906 56,258 58,009
16. Pandi 40,520 48,088 60,637 66,650
17. Paombong 33,149 41,077 53,510 50,940
18. Plaridel 66,355 80,481 99,817 101,441
19. Pulilan 59,682 68,188 85,008 85,844
20. San Ildefonso 69,319 79,956 93,438 95,000
21. San Jose del Monte 201,394 315,807 439,090 454,553
22. San Miguel 108,147 123,824 138,839 142,854
23. San Rafael 58,387 69,770 85,284 85,921
24. Santa Maria 101,071 144,282 205,258 218,351
^1 Source: National Statistics Office
^2 Details may not add up to totals due to rounding.
^3 Figures are from NSO census and considered correct and exact.

UN Millennium Development Goals[edit]

In 2006, the Provincial Government received from Galing Pook - a Special Citation on Local Capacity Innovations for the Millennium Development Program in an awarding ceremony held last October 16 at the Teatro Marikina in Marikina City. The province is one of the ten local government units recognized for its pioneering effort in the localization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and promoting good governance. M.D.G. is a set of quantifiable, measurable, and time-bound development goals and targets for global human development set by UN member-states to be achieved by 2015.

Economy[edit]

Industries
The province of Bulacan is steadily becoming industrialized due to its proximity to Metro Manila. Many corporations put up industrial plants and site in Bulacan. Some of the businesses and industries include Agribusiness; Aquaculture; Banking; Cement Bag Making Ceramics; Construction; Courier; Education; Food/Food Processing; Furniture; Garments; Gifts, Houseware & Decors; Hospitals; Hotels, Resorts & Restaurants; Information and Communications Technology; Insurance; Jewelry; leather & leather tanning; Manpower; Manufacturing; Marble; Printing Press; Pyrotechnics & Fireworks Manufacturing; Realty/Real Property Development; Shoe Manufacturing; Textile; Trade; Transport Services; Travel & Tours; Other Services
Agribusiness & aquaculture
The rural areas still mostly depend on agriculture (in the plains) and fisheries (in the coastal areas) as a source of income. Some of the major crops are rice, corn, vegetables, and fruits such as mangoes; and various kinds of fishes and seafoods. Orchid farming by Golden Bloom Orchids at Brgy. Maguinao, San Rafael, Bulacan
Banking and finance
Bulacan is served by all major banks with more than 200 banks doing business in the province. The entrepreneureal culture is supported by the strong cooperative movement with total assest of over PhP 2 Billion.
Industrial estate and parks

This is a partial list of industrial sites in the province.

  • First Bulacan Industrial City - Malolos City
  • Intercity Industrial Estate - Wakas, Bocaue
  • Bulacan Agro-Industrial Subdivision - Calumpit
  • Bulacan Metro Warehouse (BMW) Center - Guiguinto
  • Meycauayan Industrial Subd. I, II, III & IV - Meycauayan
  • Meridian Industrial Compound - Meycauayan
  • Muralla Industrial Project - Meycauayan
  • First Velenzuela Industrial Compound - Meycauayan
  • Sterling Industrial Park Phase I, II, III & IV - Meycauayan
  • Grand Industrial Estate - Plaridel
  • Sapang Palay Industrial Estates - San Jose del Monte
  • Agus Development Corporation - Sta. Maria
  • Bulacan ICT Park - Marilao[20]
  • Golden City Business Park - Wakas, Bocaue
  • Sterling Industrial Park - Marilao

Income[edit]

Bulacan got the top place for "LGU's with Highest Gross Income" (PhP 1,717,600,000.00) and "Top Spender by LGU's" (PhP 1,349,420,000.00), and third (3rd) among the "Top Provinces with Generated Biggest Net Income" (PhP 368,180,000.00) according to the 2006 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS of the Commission of Audit.[21] The first time to top the perennial top placer, which was the Province of Cebu.[22]

The province got the top place for "LGU's with Highest Gross Income" (PhP 1,807,600,000.00), second (2nd) in "Top Spender by LGU's" (PhP 1,372,160,000.00), and third (3rd) among the "Top Provinces with Generated Biggest Net Income" (PhP 434,830,000.00) according to the 2007 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS of the Commission of Audit.[23]

Based on the Commission of Audit's 2008 Annual Financial Report for Local Governments, the province's total gross income had increased to PhP 1,965,633,000.00 (including the subsidies and extra items). Its expenses had also increased to PhP 1,641,325,000.00, which brings a total net income of PhP 324,308,000.00.[24]

This is the list of the top income earners in Bulacan from 2010 to 2012:

Rank Cities Total Income year 2011 [25] Total Income year 2012 [25]
1 San Jose del Monte City
P812,808,000.00
P777,660,000.00
2 Meycauayan City
P776,913,350.71
P770,607,495.31
3 Malolos City
P593,840,000.00
Rank Municipalities Total Income year 2011 [25] Total Income year 2012 [25]
1 Santa Maria
P372,213,332.28
P369,850,000.00
2 Marilao
P358,356,367.52
3 Norzagaray
P290,092,000.00
4 Baliuag
P271,374,445.04
5 Guiguinto
P210,930,677.70
P186,895,552.41
6 Pulilan
P202,401,766.38
7 San Miguel
P193,092,342.56
P189,750,000.00
8 Bocaue
P178,713,019.75
9 Plaridel
P170,476,189.78
P168,540,106.16
10 Hagonoy
P170,040,000.00
11 Calumpit
P168,370,000.00
12 San Ildefonso
P160,178,322.87
13 San Rafael
P140,709,458.85
14 Balagtas
P140,347,358.20
15 Doña Remedios Trinidad
P116,794,317.34
P113,370,000.00
16 Bulakan
P115,730,000.00
17 Obando
P98,137,235.65
P87,113,993.41
18 Angat
P95,648,247.76
P95,450,000.00
19 Bustos
P95,551,790.35
P94,000,000.00
20 Pandi
P92,473,414.47
P101,012,646.66
21 Paombong
P79,350,000.00

Transportation[edit]

Malolos City Welcome Arch.

Bulacan is dubbed as "The Gateway to the Northern Philippines". The province is linked with Metro Manila primarily through the North Luzon Expressway and Manila North Road (better known as the MacArthur Highway) which crosses the province into Pampanga and western part of Northern Luzon (western Central Luzon, Ilocos and Cordillera Administrative Region). While taking the Cagayan Valley Road in Guiguinto, the road leads to Nueva Ecija and to the eastern part of Northern Luzon (eastern Central Luzon and Cagayan Valley Region). Bulacan will be accessed by the future C-6 Road connecting the provinces of Rizal and Cavite and the cities of Taguig, Parañaque and Muntinlupa in Metro Manila.

The MacArthur Highway traverses the province from north to south. Most major towns can be reached through the North Luzon Expressway. A good number of motor vehicles owned largely by private individuals provide mobility to Bulacan's populace. Aside from five main highways that traverse the province, all roads are widely dispersed throughout Bulacan.

Bus terminals of Baliuag Transit, California Bus Line, Sampaguita Liner and Royal Eagle are in Baliuag, Balagtas and Hagonoy. The main bus lines of Philippine Rabbit, Victory Liner, Aladdin Transit that originate from their main terminals in Manila, Pasay and Quezon City and travel northward to cities and towns in Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales, pass through Bulacan via the Tabang exit. Other bus companies that travel to Bulacan include Baliwag Transit, First North Luzon, Five Star, Agila Transport, Phil. Corinthian, Mersan, Mayamy, RJ Express.

Public transportation within the province, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles are used for short distances.

Education[edit]

The province is home to several nationally recognized public and private educational institutions such as Baliuag University (First school granted full autonomy in Region 3), the Bulacan State University (Main & Satellite Campuses), Bulacan Agricultural State College (San Ildefonso & DRT Campus), Polytechnic University of the Philippines (Sta. Maria Extension Campus and Pulilan Campus) and Centro Escolar University (Malolos Campus)

Primary and intermediate
Bulacan has a total of 473 public Elementary schools, 435 public schools under the Department of Education (DepEd) Division of Bulacan and 38 public schools under the Division of City Schools of Malolos.
Secondary
Bulacan has a total of 68 public high schools, national and provincial. Sixty-five (65) under the Department of Education (DepEd) Division of Bulacan and three (3) public high schools under the Division of City Schools of Malolos.
Private schools
There are many privately owned (by individual or group) and church-operated schools established in the city. Private schools in the province are member of Bulacan Private Schools Association (BULPRISA) While in Malolos, private schools are organized as Malolos City Private Schools Association (MACIPRISA)

Government[edit]

Bulacan Provincial Capitol, Malolos City.

Current government officials (2010–2013)[edit]

Provincial Board Members

First District:

  • Michael C. Fermin
  • Felix V. Ople
  • Therese Cheryll B. Ople

Second District:

  • Atty. Ramon R. Posadas
  • Atty. Enrique V. dela Cruz, Jr.

Third District:

  • Rino V. Castro
  • Enrique V. Viudez II

Fourth District:

  • Eulogio C. Sarmiento III
  • Enrique A. delos Santos, Jr.
  • Romeo Allan M. Robes
Ex-officio Board Members

PCL President:

  • Ariel S. Arceo

ABC President:

  • Mark Cholo I. Violago

SK President:

  • Mark Jerome Anthony D. Santiago
Congressional representatives

Governors[edit]

Main article: Governor of Bulacan

Bulacan festivals and fiestas[edit]

This is the list of Bulacan festivals and there are other local festivals to be recorded and documented.

  • Minasa Festival in the first week of January (Bustos)
  • Tugyaw Sto. Nino Festival (Bustos)
  • Halamanan Festival (Guiguinto)
  • Kasilonawan sa Obando (Fertility Rites, Obando)
  • Kalabaw Festival (Pulilan)
  • Anghel Festival (San Rafael)
  • Sto. Niño Festival (City of Malolos)
  • Halamang Dilaw (Marilao)
  • Pagoda Festival (Bocaue)
  • Chicharon Festival (Santa Maria)
  • Kawayanan Festival (City of Meycauayan)
  • Letson Festival (City of Meycauayan)
  • Libutan Festival (City of Meycauayan)
  • 14 de Noviembre Festival (Bulacan)
  • Libad ng Calumpit (Calumpit)
  • Salubong sa Quingua (Plaridel)
  • Bulak Festival (San Ildefonso)
  • Buntal Hat Festival (Baliuag)
  • Sambuklod Festival (City of San Jose Del Monte)
  • Mano Po San Roque (Valenzuela City)
  • Putong Pulo Festival (Valenzuela City)
  • Singkaban Festival: Linggo ng Bulacan (Malolos City)

Singkaban Fiesta[edit]

Singkaban Fiesta (Sining at Kalinangan ng Bulacan), a festival of arts and culture in honor of Capitol's patron saint, "Our Lady of Victory", showcasing the traditional arts of "Balagtasan", "Kundiman" and folk dances amidst of the "Singkaban" arches. The festival is celebrated in every second week of September which is in conjunction with the "Linggo ng Bulakan". Linggo ng Bulacan (held during September 8–15), is a province-wide, week-long celebration consisting of various colourful cultural presentations, art and culinary exhibits, arts and skills contests, and the prestigious annual Dangal nF Lipi Awards Night. Yearly, its activities vary depending upon the chosen theme for the year.

Longest carabao milk candy[edit]

Graced by Guest of Honor (LWUA) Prospero Pichay, the 2008 "Pista sa Nayon" (with the theme "Araw ng Mga puso") highlighted Bulacan's "Singkaban Festival". a 202.6-meter long "pastillas". Gov. Joselito R. Mendoza announced "We have successfully staged 202.6 meters long pastillas (4,000 kilos, made of 12,800 liters carabao milk and 1,600 kilos of white sugar, from San Miguel, Bulacan and San Ildefonso, Bulacan)." Mendoza said he applied for and submitted the feat to Guinness World Records' office. Further, residents also cooked 50 lechon (roast pigs), lechong manok (roast chicken), and 10,000 eggs.[26][27]

Recent events[edit]

Bulacan P 11-billion bulk water supply project[edit]

On December 12, 2007, Bulacan and the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) signed an agreement for the development of an P11-billion bulk water supply project. Ayala-owned Manila Water Co. Inc. will implement the project. MWSS and Manila Water will provide a financial package of an infrastructure grant, a P10-million development assistance and a P10-million royalty fee to the towns of Norzagaray and Doña Remedios Trinidad, which will host the water supply project.[28]

ICT Park jobs allotment[edit]

Bulacan Governor Joselito Mendoza announced before thousands of students who graduated from the College of Information and Communication Technology of the Bulacan State University that 3,000 jobs will be allotted for the Business Processing Outsourcing and call center company (PLDT) that will be built in the Marilao, Bulacan ICT Park, a special economic zone. Mendoza said 300 Information Technology graduates will be employed by Bulacan government for the general revision of the Capitolyo computerization, particularly the Bulacan Satellite-Based Geographic Information System (SBGIS) Project. (PIA-Bulacan).[20]

WDACL ABK2 - TEACh[edit]

A 4-year school project for child workers highlighted the Philippines' observance of 2008 World Day Against Child Labor (WDACL). Accordingly, representatives of the DOLE, WDF, CCF, and other social partners in the national drive against child labor gathered at the Bulacan State University (BSU) to mark WDACL, on June 13, 2008. ABK2 (Pag-aaral ng mga Bata Para sa Kinabukasan) or TEACh (Take Every Action for Children) project will be implemented with grants from the United States Department.[29]

Points of interest[edit]

City Points of Interest
Meycauayan City
(19 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) through Meycauayan Exit; Manila North Road (MacArthur Highway) through Valenzuela City.
Old Meycauayan Church, In 1668 the old Church edifice was constructed thus served as a mute witness to history of the town;
Gat Ciriaco Contreras Marker, a monument in memory of the commander who fought a fierce battle against the Spanish forces in barrio Langka ;
Acacia Tree – The late Pres. Manuel L. Quezon played under this tree in his childhood days;
Liputan Islands – Surrounded by fishponds and accessible only through water transportation;
De Larisse Resorts & Pavilion, Meycauayan Golf Driving Range, and Emco Pavilion in Pandayan; Golden Cocoon Resort & Ancon Resort in Malhacan; Joeri's Resort & Pavilion in Lawa; Jerime Irish Pavilion & Villa Maria Ester Pavilion in Libtong
San Jose del Monte
(28 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: Quirino Highway through Caloocan City, North; NLEX through Bocaue Exit via Bocaue and Sta. Maria; Bulacan-Rizal-Manila-Cavite Regional Expressway (under planning)
Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto - is a replica of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes in France;
Grotto Mineral Spring – a natural spring believed to be miraculous;
Grotto Vista Resort - a premier resort showing an urban look with breath of country air;
Kaytitinga Falls - a natural layered rock waterfalls;
Saint Joseph the Worker Parish Church - one of the oldest churches in San Jose del Monte;
Mt. Balagbag - a 777 meters high mountain [30]
Malolos City
(45 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Tabang Exit; MacArthur Highway
  • Barasoain Church - Also known as Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish. A national shrine, the historic Barasoain Church is the site of the Constitutional Convention of the first Philippine Republic, making the Philippines the very first Asian Government to promulgate a Constitution. It was the capital of the First Philippine Republic on September 15, 1898 to the last week of Feb. 1899 under the presidency of Emilio Aguinaldo. In its convent the Universidad Literaria Cientifica de Filipinas (or Universidad Literaria de Filipinas) was first housed. It also boasts of a light and sound museum under the management of National Historical Institute.
  • Malolos Cathedral-Basilica and Convent, known as Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception The 10th Basilica in the Philippines. Its convent was the presidential quarters ("Palacio Presidencial") of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo of the First Philippine Republic in 1898, presently the seat of the Diocese of Malolos, and has been the bastion of faith for the past centuries.;
  • Casa Real Shrine, Printing press of the First Republic, it was restored in 1852 and was converted into a municipal library. Now a museum serving as final repository of existing memorabilia.
  • Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum – Repository of religious items and relics of the entire province of Bulacan, a museum managed by National Historical Institute showcasing a collection of municipal antiques and priceless array of artifacts.
  • Siar Tree – Now known as the "Kalayaan Tree". Found at the grounds of Malolos Cathedral, the living witness to the Filipino glorious days of the First Philippine Republic. Aguinaldo is said to have conducted many political discussions here. Under the tree is a monument that symbolizes the meeting of Filipino revolutionaries represented by Gregorio del Pilar and Gen. Isidoro Torres; Don Pablo Tecson, an erudite legislator; Padre Mariano Sevilla, a nationalist leader of the church and Doña Basilia Tantoco, portraying a woman freedom fighter.
  • Kamistisuhan Houses – These structures, located at the Sto Nino and Pariancillo streets in Malolos, typify the intricate architectural designs of Spanish buildings of the late 19th century. A classic example of this is the house of Don José Bautista (Bautista Mansion), which was built in 1877. It housed the Ministry of Interiors during the first Philippine Republic. The Mansion is situated along the nostalgic Kamistisuhan Street, this ancestral mansion was visited by the national hero Dr. José Rizal to convince Triumvirate of the Ten Gentlemen of Malolos to join the La Liga Filipina.
  • Barasoain Museum – A museum managed by the National Historical Institute where the religious artifacts of the province are displayed;
  • Museo ng Bulacan – A museum housing a collection of valuable relics, mementos, articles, documents and handicrafts of the Philippine Revolution. Located in Malolos to promote the cultural heritage and tradition of the province. It is under the management of the Provincial Government of Bulacan.
  • Bulacan Provincial Capitol, seat of the provincial government of Bulacan.
  • Bulacan Heroes Park (Panlalawigang Liwasan ng mga Bayani sa Bulacan), which enshrined all the Philippine national heroes who hailed from Bulacan and officially became the Province of Bulacan's provincial heroes' park by the help of Center for Bulacan Studies since 2004.
  • Institute de Mujeres – The place where the 21 women of Malolos, addressed by Dr. José Rizal in his famous letter, conducted classes.
  • Atlag United Methodist Church, founded in 1901, considered as one of the oldest Protestant churches in the country and the oldest in the province.
Municipality Points of Interest
Obando
(17 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: Bulacan-Obando road via Bulacan, Bulacan; Polo Road via Valanzuela City
Obando Church, venue of the famous "Fertility Dance" in honor of San Pascual Baylon, Sta. Clara de Asis and Virgen de Salambao (May 17–19);
Obando Town Fiesta – celebrated from May 17–19. Childless couples can take this occasion to appeal for heavenly intercession and dance to please the Virgin of Salambao, San Pascual de Bailon and Sta. Clara. Maidens and bachelors who want husbands and wives can dance for their mates. Farmers also thank the Virgin for bountiful harvests.
Marilao
(22 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Marilao Exit; MacArthur Highway
National Shrine of the Divine Mercy;
Marilao Catholic Church, a 17th-century church;
La Prenza Dam – 1989 communal irrigation system; serves as a checkgate to prevent water overflow from destroying rice crops in the area;
Hanging Bridge – A 60-m long cable bridge linking barangays Lambakin and Sta. Rosa;
Lustre Pavilion & Swimming Pool in Sarmiento Homes; Dad's Vineyard and Medina's Farm in Sta. Rosa; Villa Felomina Resort in Lias; Four Kings Resort in Abangan Sur; SM City Marilao;
Bulacan ICT Park, a special economic zone.[20] SM Marilao
Bocaue
(27 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Bocaue Exit; MacArthur Highway; San Jose-Bocaue Road
Pagoda sa Wawa also known as the Pagoda Festival, a fluvial parade in honor of the miraculous "Krus sa Wawa", done every 1st Sunday of July, which is believed to have saved the life of a drowning old woman. The main feature of this fiesta is the Pagoda, which glides along the Bocaue River. The Pagoda is a guilty-decorated structure riding on a huge banca. People from all walks of life enjoy the ride on the Pagoda feasting on sumptuous food while the music plays.
Bocaue Museum, houses a collection of municipal antiques and priceless array of artifacts;
D. Lour Pavilion in Igulot
Balagtas
(30 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Bocaue Exit; MacArthur Highway
Balagtas Monument and Museum – The monument was built in honor of Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar, hailed as the Father of Tagalog Poetry, whose masterpiece, Florante at Laura, is very popular;
Bahay na Tisa (Constantine House) – One of the oldest known tile-roofed houses in the province, it was constructed in 1840 and exhibits a mixture of mestizo, Spanish and native Tagalog designs.
Santa Maria
(32 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Bocaue Exit; MacArthur Highway via Bocaue Intersection; Quirino Highway via Sapang Palay
Santa Maria Church, an 18th-century church, which is part and parcel of Bulacan's era that resisted the American regime;
Huseng Batute Marker – A simple marker in honor of the country's King of Balagtasan;
Long Meadows Resort, Dad's Vineyard Resort & Butterfly Garden, Aqua Matina, and Pamar Wonderpool Resort in Mahabang Parang; Villa Natalia, Villa Carmen, Villa Antonia and Sitio Lucia Resorts in Pulong Buhangin; Lanesca Resort & 4-K Garden Resort in Catmon; Lanesca in Bulac; Cool Water Resort in Lalakhan; Vig Jam Resort in Balasing;
Stone Bridge Resort in Tumana; Denverland in San Gabriel.
Guiguinto
(34 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Tabang Exit
Guiguinto Gardens; Halamanan Festival; Garden City; C.M. Farm in Cut-cut; Golden Shower in Tabe; Hidden Mountain Rocks and Alcor Center in Tiaong; Luntiang Paraiso in Tabang; Old Train Station;
Bulakan
(35 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: MacArthur Highway through Guiguinto or Balagtas, or National Road through Obando
Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Parish - the "oldest Roman Catholic Church in the province." It was here that Gen. Gregorio del Pilar distributed the pamphlets published and sent from Spain by his uncle Marcelo del Pilar during the revolutionary period against Spanish colonization in the late 19th century.

Marcelo H. del Pilar Historical Landmark and Museum – established in honor of the patriot, writer and editor of the revolutionary newspaper La Solidaridad.

Gen. Gregorio del Pilar Landmark - it was built in honor of the great hero of Bulacan and Tirad Pass and the first governor of the province of Bulacan

Frequent destinations include Coolwaves and Bon-Bon Resorts in San Nicolas, Jojima Resort in San Francisco, Maglalang Resort and Ulit Resorts in Pitpitan, Villa Elena Resort in Taliptip, and Evangelista Resort in San Jose.
Pandi
(41 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Bocaue Exit- Sta. Maria
Site of Kakarong Battle, site of the Republic of Real of Kakarong de Sili of 1896;
Inang Filipina Shrine;
Pandi Catholic Church
Pandi Mineral and Batch Spring Resort – Famous for its mineral water which is found to have medicinal and curative effects;
Villa Concepción in Barangay Masuso; Pandi Mineral Spring Resort in Poblacion; Fortune Ville Pool and Cabuhat Resort in Manatal Fresh Water Resort in Siling Bata; Licom Resort in Bagbaguin; Countryside Resort in Bunsuran II; Villa Aurora Resort in Mapulang Lupa
Plaridel
(41 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Sta. Rita Exit
Battle of Quingua Marker – Death marker of Col. John Strotsenberg of the Nebraska Volunteer Infantry
Pulilan
(45 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Sta. Rita Exit or Pulilan Exit; Daang Maharlika
San Isidro Labrador Church
Pulilan Carabao Festival – Hundreds of work animals, mostly carabaos, are led on a parade in streets of the town every 14th and 15 May, to honor San Isidro Labrador, the town's patron saint. The carabaos, decorated with garlands and shaved for the occasion, genuflect and kneel in front of the church;
Pulilan Butterfly Haven;
Pulilan Museum;
Pugpog Resort in Balatong B;
Pulilan Resort in Dampol 2A;
Villa Lorenzo Resort, and Villa Cristia in Poblacion;
MRC Resort in Tabon;
Fisherfarms factory
Nestlé Philippines Factory dairy factory
Norzagaray
(46 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Bocaue Exit - Sta. Maria By-Pass Road - Sta. Maria-Norzagaray Road - Quirino Highway
Hilltop, the "Baguio" of Bulacan, located atop the Sierra Madre range;
Pinagrealan Cave – Served as the headquarters of the Katipuneros;
Ipo Dam – Used as a reservoir for the La Mesa Dam which distributes water to Metro Manila residents;
Angat Water Reservoir;
Pugpog River – A natural attraction in Bulacan which clear water originating from the Sierra Madre mountains;
Pugpog River and Prince Resort in Poblacion; Bakas Resort in Matictic; Adventure Resort in Bigte; Falcon Crest Resort in Bitungcol
Paombong
(47 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Tabang Exit, MacArthur Highway through Malolos City
Kapitangan Chapel – known as a pilgrimage area during Holy Week. As a way of repenting and sharing in the sufferings of Christ, worshippers whip themselves during the Holy Week. Also, religious rituals are celebrated in all the towns especially in Malolos, Plaridel and Pulilan. Famous for families owning old, life-sized "santos";
Ciudad Clementino Resort and Museum in San Isidro
Baliuag
(50 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Sta. Rita Exit- Daang Maharlika- Cagayan Valley Road
San Agustin Church;
Lenten Processions – Unique processions featuring life-sized images depicting the life and death of Christ;
Baliuag Museum; Baliuag Clock Tower; Buntal Hat; El Niño Resort in Calantipay; J.E. Garden Resort in Sabang; Glorietta Park; Skate Park; Senior Citizen's Park; SM City Baliwag
Bustos
(52 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: Cagayan Valley Road (from Baliuag); Bustos-Angat Road; NLEX Balagtas-Bustos Bypass Road
Mercado House, one of the several houses used as a fort by the Kapituneros. It boasts a unique architectural design of stone carvings on façade and walls.
Bustos Dam – The longest "sector gate" in the world. This is the huge reservoir of the Angat Hydroelectric plant at Barrio Hilltop, which serves as the source of electric power in the province and Metro Manila;
Sto Niño Church

St. Martin de Porres Orphanage - Batanes Ivatan style-like village.
Galilee Mansion and Garden Resort - Bible-inspired theme facility resort.
Bulacan Military Area(BMA park)

Angat
(52 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Bocaue Exit- Sta. Maria By-Pass Road-Sta. Maria-Norzagaray Road- Angat-Norzagaray Road
Sta. Monica de Angat Church, displays a marvelous Baroque architecture. Its interior replicates the famous Sistine Chapel.
Baras Bakal, a stone cave; the first choice of the Katipuneros before they finally selected Biak-na-Bato.
Angat Hydroelectric Dam – One of the largest dams in the country which supplies water to the Greater Manila area. It facilitates fishing and boating in a man-made lagoon and hunting in the nearby area.
Hagonoy
(53 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks:
National Shrine of St. Anne, the only church in the Philippines where the relics of Saints Anne and Joaquim, parents of the Blessed Virgin, are venerated;
Princess Caroline Resort in San Miguel.
Calumpit
(54 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: NLEX via Pulilan Exit; MacArthur Highway
St. John the Baptist Church(Built in 1572), is the oldest church in Bulacan. Constructed under the supervision of Augustinian priest Diego Vivar Ordoñez, the church has been a mute witness to the Filipinos' struggle against Spanish, American and Japanese rule. Inside the church is a tunnel that, as legend would have it, was used by priests during the Spanish regime to keep gold, religious statues and ornate jewelry hidden from the sight of treasure hunters;
Meyto Shrine – A marker of Christianization;
Bagbag Bridge, site of the first battle between Filipinos and American forces during the retreat of President Aguinaldo to the Ilocos Region;
Libad Festival – The town's patron saint, San Juan, is honored with gay fluvial parade as the main attraction for the celebration;


Jed's Island Resort in Gatbuca and El Bueno Resort in Longos

San Rafael
(58 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks:
San Rafael Catholic Church – site of the bloody battle between the Filipinos and the Spanish forces wherein the blood that drenched the church was ankle-deep;
Royal Northwoods Golf and Country Club
San Rafael Dam and After Bay Resort in San Rafael;
Malangaan spring in Tukod;
Villaflor Resort in Capihan;
Villa del Carmen Resort in Capihan;
Violago Resort in Maasim;
San Rafael Christian Ret. Farm Resort in Pasong Callos;
8 Waves Waterpark in Ulingao;
Villa Krizelna Resort;
and the 4 hectare Golden Bloom Orchid farm in Maguinao.
Doña Remedios Trinidad
(65 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: DRT Highway; Cagayan Valley Road (from Baliuag)
Torch of Freedom Marker – Erected for one of the guerilla base camps during World War II;
Puning Cave; Baras Bakal Spring Cave; Madlum Cave; Mt. Bato Falls; Tumutulo Falls; Mt. Lumot
San Ildefonso
(66 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks:
Grotto Central Cement – A memorable place because of the grotto and the statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary, as well as the beautiful landscape and natural scenery;
Gonzales Violago Veneracion Century Old House -- Sanctuary of the 400 y/o Santo Entierro with Annual Good Friday procession since Spanish Period. Legacy of TIPAN, Angkan ng mga Veneracion. * Original owners: Manuel R. Gonzalez (1871-1926) & Rafaela Veneracion Violago (1874-1963 ) were lead Katipuneros of SI. They made their wedding vows on May 26, 1898 in San Agustin Church, Baliuag, Bulacan at the height of Philippine Revolution. * World War 2, 1941-1945. The house was occupied and served as Japanese Military Garrison; many Filipino soldiers and guerrilla fighters were killed; comfort women were raped. 1st Lt. Serafin Violago Gonzales died in action in an encounter against the Japanese invaders. * Dr. Rey A. Gonzales, 12 y/o Philippine Grand Champion of ABS CBN Hamon sa Kampeon-Piano, 1967, was born and raised in this house;
Bulusukan, a garrison of the "insurrectos" during the Spanish Regime;
Sand Spring – Believed to have some medicinal values;
Bahay na Pula; Filipinas Resort, Paul Cruz Resort, and Vanguardia Resort in Sapang Putol; Jenerosas Resort and Carmi's Resort in San Juan; Villa Cecilia Resort in Gabihan
San Miguel
(75 km from Manila)
Important Road Networks: Cagayan Valley Road (from Baliuag)
Biak-na-Bato National Park, Biak-na-Bato – A huge split boulder which is a mountain hideout of the revolutionary forces during the Spanish regime and the place where the Malolos Constitution was signed by Gen. Aguinaldo and Pedro Paterno of the Biak-na-Bato Republic;
Buencamino House – A marker honoring the leading cabinet member of the revolutionary government of Aguinaldo. As a student of UST, he led the first student activist demonstration in 1869 and put up wall posters along the Puente de España;
Ancestral Home of Former Cong. Jose "Boji" Cabochan – The grandson of Don Felix de Leon, who was a close friend of Dr. José Rizal;
Viola House – The original owner is Dr. Maximo Viola, companion of Dr. José Rizal in Europe during the time the latter was writing his two famous novels;
San Miguel Catholic Church – Centuries-old (more than 200 years old) edifice built by Augustinian friars;
Siojo House – Owned by the Siojo Family of which former NBI Dir. Alfredo Siojo Lim is a member;
Doña Narcisa B. de Leon House – Owned by Doña Sisang of LVN Pictures, two of whose grandchildren are film director Mike de Leon and Ambassador Narcisa "Ching" de Leon-Escaler;
Sibul Spring – Famous for its medicinal effects. The crystal spring water comes from the Sierra Madre Mountains;
Madlum Cave – Another scenic spot where stalagmites and stalactites delights excursionist and nature lovers;
Tilandong Cave – A natural fall which is now tapped as a source of electric power as well as irrigation;
Tecson House

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b PromdiNEWS: Bulacan celebrates 435th founding year
  2. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  4. ^ Halili, Maria Christine N. (2004). Philippine History. Manila: Rex Book Store. pp. 145–146. ISBN 978-971-23-3934-9. 
  5. ^ Historical Markers, Regions I-IV and CAR, NHI ,1993 p. 297
  6. ^ CRÓNICA DE LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS, by Don Fernando Fulgosio, Rubio, Grilo y Vitturi, Madrid, 1871 p.71
  7. ^ Apuntes Interesantes sobre LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS... Imprenta de EL PUEBLO, Madrid 1869, p. 79
  8. ^ The Spaniards' First 50 Years in the Philippines, 1565-1615 | A Sourcebook
  9. ^ Informe sobre el estado de las Islas Filipinas en 1842, Tomo 1, Madrid 1843, p. 139
  10. ^ D. Angstanle Gouzaga, Estados de la Oblacion de Filipinas Correpsondiente a el ano de 1818, NO. III P. 3
  11. ^ Biblioteca de LEGISLACION ULTRA MARINA, Tomo 2 Letras B. C. IMprenta de Alegria y Charlain, Madrid 1844, p. 105
  12. ^ Catalogo de los religiosos de N.P.S. Agustin de la Provincia del Smo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas, Imp. De Ramirez Y Giraudier, Manila, 1864. p. 240
  13. ^ Census of the Philippine Islands: 1918 Volume I, Geography, History, and Climatology, Census Office of the Philippine Islands, Bureau of Printing, 1920. p. 113
  14. ^ Mt. Oriod Summit - Hiking trip | EveryTrail
  15. ^ abs-cbnnews.com, New landfill opens in Norzagaray, Bulacan
  16. ^ Cavite's 2.86 million population tops other provinces...
  17. ^ BULACAN'S TOTAL POPULATION APPROACHED THREE MILLION PERSONS (Results from the 2007 Census of Population)
  18. ^ Total Population and Annual Population Growth Rate by Region, Province and Municipality: Based on 1995, 2000 and 2007 - Bulacan
  19. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c pia.gov.ph, Gov bares need for 3,000 grads for Bulacan ICT park project[dead link]
  21. ^ http://www.coa.gov.ph/Reports/AFR/2006AFR-LGUs.asp 2006 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS (Provinces, Cities and Municipalities) Volume III-A (full text report) Pages 44, 53 & 58
  22. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20110607104523/http://www.mb.com.ph/issues/2008/01/13/PROV20080113114323.html
  23. ^ http://www.coa.gov.ph/Reports/AFR/2007AFR-Local-Vol3-A.pdf 2007 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS (Provinces, Cities and Municipalities) Volume III-A (full text report) Pages 42, 43, 50, & 55
  24. ^ 2008 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
  25. ^ a b c d - Annual Audit Report
  26. ^ gmanews.tv/story, Bulacan comes up with 202-meter-long pastillas
  27. ^ pia.gov.ph, Pista sa Nayon highlights Bulacan's Singkaban Festival[dead link]
  28. ^ Abs-Cbn, Bulacan govt, MWSS ink deal on bulk water supply project
  29. ^ gmanews.tv, DOLE to start school project for child workers
  30. ^ Experience Bulacan!: June 2012

External links[edit]